AP World History Unit 1

AP World History Unit 1

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Section 1

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Sargon of Akkad

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (59)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Sargon of Akkad

Front

The creator of empire in Mesopatamia. ( a city near Kish and Babylon)

Back

The Assyrian Empire

Front

The empire proceeding the Babylonian Empire which was in northern Mesopotamia that used newly invented iron weapons

Back

The Bantu

Front

Among the most influential people of Saharan Africa in ancient time were those who spoke Bantu languages

Back

Astronomy and Mathematics

Front

This helped create accurate calendars and improve agricultural cylcles

Back

Trade Networks

Front

Routes, at the time usually traveled by donkey caravan used to trade items or send messages over long or even short, local distances

Back

Sumerian City-States

Front

cities which became states to prevent conflicts and and oversee and control their agriculture

Back

The Epic of Gilgamesh

Front

Literature of Mesopotamia about a greedy king and a companion

Back

Transportation

Front

Current take boats upper to lower Egypt on the Nile, while the winds can take boats from lower to upper Egypt

Back

Iron Metallurgy

Front

The further advancement of metalworking by creating stronger tools using iron

Back

The Nature of Indo-European Migrations

Front

expanded very far out throughout the continent with the help of horses allowing quick transportation and diffusion of culture

Back

Bronze Metallurgy

Front

An advancement of metalworking by Mesopotamian metalworkers in order to create stronger tools and weapons (400 B.C.E.)

Back

Patriarchal Society

Front

Vested authority over public and private affairs in their men

Back

Hammurabi and the Babylonian Empire

Front

Leader (1792-1750 B.C.E.) who further organized the government by implementing laws and taxes

Back

Menes

Front

An Egyptian conqueror/ruler

Back

Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro

Front

Two main cities societies that were well structured and advanced

Back

Women's Roles

Front

Although they weren't stripped entirely of all power, women still served important roles in their society such as advising kings becoming priestesses, working as scribes but very rarely having great power

Back

Slaves

Front

These were mainly prisoners of war, men or women who were in debt and criminals. They mostly served as house servants but some worked in fields and temple communities

Back

Iron Metallurgy

Front

Southern Nile societies mad up for their lack of bronze with the large scale production of iron

Back

Mummification

Front

The yearning for immortality explains the Egytian practice of mummifying the dead

Back

Iron Metallurgy

Front

The refinement of metalworking by the Hitittes

Back

Vedic Age

Front

Mainly a term that identifies a time period where Aryans were in conflict with many indigenous Indian societies

Back

Specialized Labor & Trade

Front

Agriculture economy traded domestic and foreign pottery, tools, decorations, god,silver, copper traded by ships

Back

Cities of the Nile Valley

Front

In the Nile Valley, popultation clustered mostly in agricultural villages to trade with neighbors up and down the river. Cities emerged

Back

The Early Hebrews

Front

nomads who inhabited land between Mesopotamia and egypt

Back

The Indus River

Front

Water form rain & melted snow carried silt unpredictable agriculture suppliment to the harrapan society

Back

Hieroglyphic Writing

Front

Egyptians supplemented pictographs with symbols representing sounds and ideas

Back

Bantu Migrations

Front

By 3000 B.C.E. they were slowly spreading south into the west African forest, and after 2000 B.C.E. the expanded rapidly to the south toward the Congo River Basin and East toward the Great Lakes

Back

Cuneiform Writing

Front

A a picture based writing system; used by Sumerians

Back

War Chariots

Front

A technological advancement to make battle easier developed by Hittites

Back

Iron and Migration

Front

After about 1000 B.C.E., the pace of Bantu migrations quickened, as Bantu people began to produce iron tools weapons

Back

Social Classes

Front

This was primarily developed based on one's wealth even in the neolithic time period

Back

Moses and Monotheism

Front

Moses believed that there was only one god named Yaweh and all other gods were just figments of their imaginations

Back

Education

Front

Unlike today education in Mesopotamia was based on a specific craft the individual wanted to pursue such as architecture. The system was almost entirely vocal and had little written instruction

Back

The Nile River Valley

Front

A river that runs through East Africa that has served greatly in the development of several cultures and the trade of goods

Back

Trade Networks

Front

Efficient Transport = long distance trade

Back

The Early Phoenicians

Front

Existed solely as small city-states along the Mediterranean coast

Back

Sumer

Front

first known civilization which existed in the southern half of mesopatamia

Back

The Vedas

Front

Numerous Poems collection of religious works that spoke of the Aryan gods

Back

Horses

Front

Were first used as a source of food but after domesticated they were used for riding/travel

Back

Alphabetic Writing

Front

The Phoenicians developed a 22 character based system that made written communication much easier compared with cuneiform writing

Back

Bronze Metallurgy

Front

Hyhsos relied on bronze weapons to impose their authority on the Nile Delta

Back

Shipbuilding

Front

This technology/craft improved marine transportation to increase long distance trade

Back

The Hittites

Front

A group of ancient Indo-Europeans who took over Anatolia

Back

Nebuchadnezzar and the New Babylonian Empire

Front

Next king of the Babylonian Empire who lavished wealth in his capital city

Back

Hammurabi's Laws

Front

A complete set of laws compiled from those of previous rulers

Back

Early Agriculture in the Nile Valley

Front

grains; animals included donkeys and cattle

Back

Phoenician Trade Networks

Front

At the time trade was primarily what they were known for. Early on they traded with neighbors through land but then added maritime trading to their main sources of income and fuel of their economy

Back

The Wheel

Front

This invention brought the advancement of transportation on land

Back

Temple Communities

Front

These were inhabited by priests and priestesses who received offerings such as food, drinks, and clothing for their interaction with the gods and goddesses

Back

Patriarchal Society

Front

Because of this most men in Mesopotamia ruled above all women. They were in charge of all important matters and were always in charge of their family

Back

Section 2

(9 cards)

Teachings of Upanishads

Front

Souls temporarily go to heaven and are then reincarnated

Back

Social Distinctions in the Late Vedic Age

Front

The 4 main varnas are priests, warriors, artisans and merchants, landless peasants and serfs

Back

Brahman, The Universal Soul

Front

Foundation for all things that exist

Back

The Yellow River

Front

river that begins in east china that carries yellow silt. It has been a very influential river in the development of Chinese dynasties and civilizations.

Back

Religion and Vedic Society

Front

Just as Brahman theories about the origins of varna distinctions reflected Aryan society about 1000 B.C.E.

Back

Aryan Gods

Front

Many gods for different natural environmental factors such as fire, dawn, the sky and the sun

Back

Caste & Varna

Front

identities developed gradually as the Aryans established settlements throughout India. Varna means color to refer to the major social classes

Back

Caste and Social Mobility

Front

The social mobility in the caste system means that it is flexible .

Back

Subcastes and Jati

Front

The subcastes that you are put in depending on your occupation.

Back