The son of James I, who caused civil war in England. He had too much pride and not enough common sense. He always got into it with parliament, and dissolved them for many years, before putting them back together to get money for a war he started with Scotland because William Laud restricted their religious freedoms. He didn't like that they started to restrict his power, and tried to get him to sign the petition or right, which was a reiteration of the magna carta. He got angry, and tried to arrest parliament. They found out, escaped, and went to war with him, and he fled to the north of Scotland, where he had followers because of his dad. He lost the war, and he was beheaded in London.