a single entity that represents or has the value of a number
{4 x xy xy/p}

Back

inequality

Front

Two or more expressions connected by ≠ < or >

Back

dividend

Front

The first number in a division problem.

Back

variable

Front

a letter used to represent a number

Back

area of a circle

Front

A = πr²

Back

{ }

Front

braces

Back

divisor

Front

The second number in a division problem.

Back

square unit

Front

a square with sides one unit long.

Back

equality

Front

two expressions that are equal connected by an = sign

Back

area of a rectangle

Front

A= length x width

Back

factor

Front

The numbers in a multiplication problem.

Back

set

Front

Designates a well-defined collection of numbers.

Back

four basic math operations

Front

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

Back

irrational numbers

Front

number not expressible as a ration of whole numbers(includes: π, square root of 2, etc...)

Back

additive inverse

Front

every real number has an opposite that when combines makes it equal to 0
(2.56 . . . . -2.56)

Back

minuend

Front

The first number in a subtraction problem.

Back

signed numbers

Front

Numbers designated as either negative or positive by prefixing the number with either a (-) or a (+).

Back

whole numbers

Front

Includes the number zero with a set of natural numbers.

Back

expression

Front

one or more symbols that represents a single numerical value (algebraic/numerical)

Back

algebraic addition

Front

If a and b are real numbers, then
a - b = a +(-b)

Back

Commutative Property

Front

addition: a + b = b + a
multiplication: a x b = b x a

Back

sum

Front

The result of an addition problem.

Back

whole numbers

Front

{ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4....}

Back

rational numbers

Front

number expressible as a ratio of whole numbers(can include fractions, decimals and square roots with finite results)

Back

real numbers

Front

inclusive set of all numbers
(counting, whole, rational & irrational)

Back

integers

Front

Includes negative numbers with a set of natural numbers.

Back

[ ]

Front

brackets

Back

numerator

Front

The number that is on top in a fraction.

Back

subtrahend

Front

The second number in a subtraction problem.

Back

area of a square

Front

A= side²

Back

negative real number

Front

Any number that can be used to describe the negative counterpart of a positive real number.

Back

absolute value

Front

In reference to a number, the positive number that describes the distance on a number line of the graph of the number from the origin.

Back

( )

Front

parenthesis

Back

counting numbers

Front

{ 1, 2, 3, 4, ....}
also called natural numbers

Back

Section 3

(18 cards)

square root

Front

One of two equal factors whose product equals the given number

Back

coefficient

Front

a number (numerical ) or letter (literal) which proceeds other factors in an expression

Back

Rules for Equations

Front

•additive property of equality (+/- both sides)
•multiplicative property of equality (x/÷ both sides)
•common factors cancel

Back

quadratic equations

Front

equations with variables to the second degree

Back

Steps for Factoring

Front

•GCF
•Trinomial (foil method)
•Difference of perfect squares: a²−b² factors to (a+b)(a−b)
•Difference of cubes: b³-8 = (b−2)(b²+2b+4)
•Perfect square: x²−6x+9 = (x−3)²

Back

factoring

Front

writing sums as the product of factors

Back

polynomial

Front

expression of more than 2 algebraic terms with different powers of the same variable

Back

Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Front

product of all prime factors common to each term, to the highest power that it occurs in all of the terms. (used for factoring)Steps: Factor to prime/use each similar factor least number of times

Back

Exponential Notation

Front

expression of a number multiplied by a power of 10

Back

least common multiple (LCM)

Front

smallest number that can be divided evenly by each of a group of numbers (used for common denominators)Steps: Factor to prime/use each factor greatest number of times

Back

root

Front

one of the equal factors whose product equals the number

Back

Exponent

Front

a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

Back

Radical

Front

a symbol which represents the square root of a number.

Back

base

Front

the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication

Back

power

Front

a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

Back

Rules for terms

Front

•numerical coefficients of like terms can be combined

Back

cubed root

Front

One of three equal factors whose product equals the given number

Back

Scientific Notation

Front

expression of a number multiplied by a power of 10 whereas the base number is written as a value between 1-10