Section 1

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soluble

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (65)

Section 1

(50 cards)

soluble

Front

Capable of being dissolved

Back

anion

Front

A negatively charged ion

Back

ionic compound

Front

A compound that consists of positive and negative ions

Back

calorie

Front

Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water 1 degree C

Back

actual yield

Front

the measured amount of a product of a reaction

Back

spectator ion

Front

an ion that appears on both sides of an equation and is not directly involved in the reaction

Back

Lewis dot model

Front

Lewis structures (also known as Lewis dot diagrams, electron dot diagrams, Lewis dot formulas, Lewis dot structures, and electron dot structures) are diagrams that show the bonding between atoms of a molecule and the lone pairs of electrons that may exist in the molecule.

Back

excess reagent

Front

the reactant that is not completely used up in a reaction

Back

thermodynamics

Front

The study of energy transformations that occur in a collection of matter.

Back

strong acid

Front

An acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution

Back

combustion

Front

A type of chemical reaction in which a fuel combines with oxygen to produce heat, light, CO2 (carbon dioxide), and H2O (water). hydrocarbon + oxygen ----> carbon dioxide + water

Back

empirical formula

Front

a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms

Back

pH

Front

An organism's physical appearance or visible traits

Back

Avogadro's number

Front

6.02x10^23

Back

percent by volume

Front

volume of solute/volume of solution x 100%

Back

covalent compound

Front

a chemical compound formed by the sharing of electrons

Back

naming ionic and covalent compounds

Front

Ionic: Between metals and nonmetals (normal) ide ending. Ionic: transition metal and a nonmetals- roman numerals for the charge. Covalent: between non-metals, use prefixes-mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa, nona, deca. (ALL THREE END IN -IDE)

Back

mole

Front

the simplest structural unit of an element or compound

Back

joules

Front

unit of energy

Back

electronegitivity

Front

the relative ability of an atom in a molecule to attract shared electrons to its self

Back

solute

Front

A substance that is dissolved in a solution.

Back

reactants

Front

A starting material in a chemical reaction

Back

atomic number

Front

Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

Back

gay-lussac's law

Front

the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature if the volume is kept constant. P1/T1=P2/T2

Back

percent by mass

Front

Mass of solute/mass of solution x 100

Back

products

Front

The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.

Back

precipitate

Front

a solid that forms from solution during a chemical reaction

Back

spontaneous reaction

Front

A reaction that will proceed or occur on its own without an input of energy from its surroundings.

Back

limiting reagent

Front

any reactant that is used up first in a chemical reaction; it determines the amount of product that can be formed in the reaction

Back

solvent

Front

A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances

Back

ideal gas law

Front

law that states the math relationship of pressure (P), volume (V), temperature (T), the gas constant (R), and the number of moles of a gas (n) PV=nRT.

Back

cation

Front

A positively charged ion

Back

percent yield

Front

the ratio of the actual yield to the theoretical yield expressed as a percent

Back

molecular formula

Front

A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms in a molecule, but not the arrangement of the atoms.

Back

combined gas law

Front

the law that describes the relationship among the pressure, temperature, and volume of an enclosed gas. P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2

Back

molality

Front

the concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent

Back

stiochiometry

Front

the study of the quantitative relationships that exist in chemical reactions

Back

molar mass

Front

the mass of one mole of a substance

Back

balancing equations

Front

the reactants and products are being set equal to one another

Back

oxyacid

Front

any acid that contains hydrogen and an oxyanion

Back

specific heat

Front

The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree celcius

Back

Charles law

Front

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas increases as the temperature of the gas increases and the volume of the gas decreases as the temperature of the gas decreases. V1/T1=V2/T2

Back

boyle's law

Front

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at constant temperture; when volume increase, pressure decreases. P1V1=P2V2

Back

theoretical yield

Front

the maximum amount of product that can be produced from a given amount of reactant

Back

noble gas

Front

an unreactive group, group 18 of the periodic table

Back

molarity

Front

A concentration unit of a solution expressed as moles of solute dissolved per liter of solution

Back

atomic mass

Front

The average mass of all the isotopes of an element

Back

Hess's law

Front

a statement in chemistry: the heat change in a chemical reaction is the same regardless of the number of stages in which the reaction is effected.

Back

molar ratio

Front

ratio of coefficients in a chemical equation

Back

weak acid

Front

an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution

Back

Section 2

(15 cards)

naming covalent compounds

Front

Back

single replacement

Front

Back

naming ionic compounds

Front

Back

double replacement

Front

Back

synthesis

Front

Back

hydrate

Front

Back

naming acids

Front

Back

element

Front

Back

valence electrons

Front

The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of an atom; these are the electrons involved in forming bonds.

Back

trigonal planer

Front

120

Back

decomomposition

Front

Back

compound

Front

Back

nutritional calorie (Calorie)

Front

Back

free energy

Front

energy that is available to do work

Back

diatomic atom

Front

Atoms that are never found un combined with themselves in pairs (HOFBrINCl)

Back