Section 1

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executive agreement

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (39)

Section 1

(39 cards)

executive agreement

Front

An international agreement made by the president, without senatorial ratification, with the head of a foreign state

Back

diplomatic recognition

Front

The formal acknowledgment of a foreign government as legitimate

Back

25th amendment

Front

A 1967 amendment to the Constitution that establishes procedures for filling presidential and vice presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability

Back

chief of staff

Front

The person who is named to direct the White House Office and advise the president

Back

12th amendment

Front

An amendment to the Constitution adopted in 1804 that specifies the separate election of the president and vice president by the electoral college

Back

pocket veto

Front

A special veto exercised by the chief executive after a legislative body has adjourned. Bills not signed by the chief executive die after a specified period of time. If Congress wishes to reconsider such a bill, it must be reintroduced in the following session of Congress

Back

pardon

Front

A release from the punishment for or legal consequences of a crime; a pardon can be granted by the president before or after a conviction

Back

appointment power

Front

The authority vested in the president to fill a government office or position. Positions filled by presidential appointment include those in the executive branch and the federal judiciary, commissioned officers in the armed forces, and members of the independent regulatory commissions

Back

line-item veto

Front

The power of an executive to veto individual lines or items within a piece of legislation without vetoing the entire bill

Back

national security council (NSC)

Front

An agency in the Executive Office of the President that advises the president on national security

Back

war powers resolution

Front

A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval

Back

statutory power

Front

A power created for the president through laws enacted by Congress

Back

head of state

Front

The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government

Back

office of management and budget (OMB)

Front

A division of the Executive Office of the President. The OMB assists the president in preparing the annual budget, clearing and coordinating departmental agency budgets, and supervising the administration of the federal budget

Back

executive order

Front

A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. Executive orders can implement and give administrative effect to provisions in the Constitution, to treaties, and to statutes

Back

impeachment

Front

An action by the House of Representatives to accuse the president, vice president, or other civil officers of the United States of committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors

Back

civil service

Front

A collective term for the body of employees working for the government. Generally, civil service is understood to apply to all those who gain government employment through a merit system

Back

kitchen cabinet

Front

The informal advisers to the president

Back

federal register

Front

A publication of the U.S. government that prints executive orders, rules, and regulations.

Back

permanent campaign

Front

A coordinated and planned strategy carried out by the White House to increase the president's popularity and support

Back

advice and consent

Front

Terms in the Constitution describing the U.S. Senate's power to review and approve treaties and presidential appointments

Back

expressed power

Front

A power of the president that is expressly written into the Constitution or into statutory law

Back

emergency power

Front

An inherent power exercised by the president during a period of national crisis

Back

executive office of the president (EOP)

Front

An organization established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to assist the president in carrying out major duties

Back

signing statement

Front

A written declaration that a president may make when signing a bill into law. Usually, such statements point out sections of the law that the president deems unconstitutional

Back

veto message

Front

The president's formal explanation of a veto when legislation is returned to Congress

Back

chief executive

Front

The role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government

Back

washington community

Front

Individuals regularly involved with politics in Washington, D.C

Back

patronage

Front

The practice of rewarding faithful party workers and followers with government employment and contracts

Back

constitutional power

Front

A power vested in the president by Article II of the Constitution

Back

cabinet

Front

An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making decisions. The cabinet includes the heads of fifteen executive departments and others named by the president

Back

state of the union message

Front

An annual message to Congress in which the president proposes a legislative program. The message is addressed not only to Congress but also to the American people and to the world

Back

chief legislator

Front

The role of the president in influencing the making of laws

Back

reprieve

Front

A formal postponement of the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law

Back

chief diplomat

Front

The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and effecting executive agreements

Back

white house office

Front

The personal office of the president, which tends to presidential political needs and manages the media

Back

inherent power

Front

A power of the president derived from the statements in the Constitution that "the executive Power shall be vested in a President" and that the president should "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed"; defined through practice rather than through law

Back

commander in chief

Front

The role of the president as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into federal service

Back

executive privelege

Front

The right of executive officials to withhold information from or to refuse to appear before a legislative committee

Back