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HTML markup elements

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Cards (141)

Section 1

(50 cards)

HTML markup elements

Front

identify document sections and elements

Back

HTML file

Front

includes the text that the user sees in the browser, contained within HTML markup elements the user cannot see

Back

True

Front

With style sheets the presentation properties are separate from the content

Back

true

Front

The new HTML5 <output> element contains the results of a calculation.

Back

<body>

Front

includes the content that the user sees in the browser window, such as text, images, video or audio content, forms for gathering information, interactive content, and hypertext links to other web resources.

Back

<head>

Front

the container for all of the descriptive information about the document, including the document title, coding standards, links to external style sheets, and scripting code for interaction.

Back

element

Front

a pair of HTML tags containing content. Let you build the structure for you web page content.

Back

declaration

Front

tells the browser how to display the rule

Back

web pages

Front

text documents that use HTML to tell the browser how to display each section.

Back

font

Front

the typeface in a particular size such as Times Roman 24 point

Back

insety

Front

Which border-style keyword creates a three-dimensional border that appears to set the entire box into the page?

Back

root element

Front

the container element for all other elements in the document

Back

void elements

Front

HTML elements that contain only a single tag, they contain no content, they insert something onto the page

Back

True

Front

Fixed-width designs tend to have the same proportions as the printed page

Back

fallbacks

Front

Using the font-family property, a list of fonts separated by a comma provides which of the following?

Back

rendering engine

Front

software that reads the document's HTML code and associated CSS style information and displays the resulting formatted content in the browser window. Ex. Google Chrome

Back

font-variant

Front

Which font property lets you define small capitals, which are often used for chapter openings, acronyms, and other special purposes?

Back

True

Front

None of the content in the head element appears in the browser window

Back

CSS

Front

displays information for different devices, such as a smartphone, tablet, or competer screen, and presentation characteristics.

Back

typeface

Front

the name of the type, such as Times New Roman or Futura Condensed

Back

Front

You can ____ by repeating colors and fonts and by using a page layout that allows information to be organized in a hierarchy.

Back

<html>

Front

root element of a web document

Back

false

Front

You can only use positive values when specifying margins.

Back

True

Front

the most engaging aspect of browsing the web is the linking of information on related topics using hypertext.

Back

false

Front

Don't use the line-height property because it will usually decrease the legibility of your text.

Back

Document type or doctype

Front

specifies the rules for the document language so the browser knows how to interpret the HTML code and display it properly.

Back

True

Front

To add presentation information to web pages, web designers use a style language called Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Back

<canvas>

Front

Which of the following is a new element of HTML5 that lets scripting applications dynamically render graphics, animations, or other visual images?

Back

selector

Front

determines the element to which the rule is applied

Back

style sheet

Front

a set of style rules that describes the display characteristics of a document

Back

true

Front

Every browser interprets HTML in its own way, based on its rendering engine.

Back

markup language

Front

a structured language that lets you identify common section of a web page such a s headings, paragraphs, and lists with markup tags that define each section.

Back

Front

Which of the following lets you control the presentation characteristics of an entire web site with a single document?

Back

0

Front

What margin value should you set if you want to remove the default margin spacing that is built into the browser?

Back

True

Front

CSS lets you control the presentation characteristics of an entire web site with a single style sheet document.

Back

true

Front

HTML is a markup language

Back

Flexible

Front

Which type of page layout can adapt to different screen resolutions?

Back

True

Front

An HTML tag includes an opening bracket, an element name, and a closing bracket.

Back

style rules

Front

express the style characteristics for an HTML element

Back

<head> and <body> elements

Front

the two main sections of an HTML document

Back

times

Front

If you design your pages using a font that your user does not have installed, the browser defaults to ____ on a Macintosh.

Back

attributes

Front

let you provide more information about an element, placed in the start tag of an element. They are expressed in the form of a name and value. The value should always be in quotes.

Back

False

Front

The <frames> element is a new element in HTML5.

Back

block-level

Front

Which box types appear as blocks such as paragraphs.

Back

media queries

Front

are CSS statements that let you specify different style rules for different media destinations.

Back

HTML

Front

hypertext markup language

Back

selector and declaration

Front

two parts of style rules

Back

list-style image

Front

Which property lets you replace the standard list symbol with an image of your choice?

Back

<title>

Front

included in the head section, this element contains the title of the document, which is shown in the title bar or page tab of the browser and appears as the bookmark text. It is a primary source of information for search engines and is the first text users see in a list of search results

Back

True

Front

Including text as graphics means users cannot search for that text.

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

embedded content

Front

load external content into the web page like image, or video files

Back

hypertext system

Front

you can jump from one related topic to another web page, or allow you to open or download a file such as music, image movie, or executable file

Back

well-formed document

Front

one that adheres to the syntax rules described

Back

False

Front

Never use closing tags

Back

interactive content

Front

<a> element which creates hyperlink and the audio and video elements if the user can control the content

Back

quirks mode

Front

when the document type is not stated, the browser renders the page like an older browser, allowing the 'quirky' code form the earlier days of web development

Back

single sourcing

Front

multi purposing of content, where one source of content is maintained but disseminated to different users or device

Back

Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)

Front

a standard system for specifying document structure, which he called the HTML.

Back

Rule 1 for XHTML

Front

Documents must be well formed

Back

XML Extensible Markup Language

Front

XML lets developers define their own markup language

Back

Rule 5 for XHTML

Front

Attribute values must be contained in quotation marks

Back

<!DOCTYPE html>

Front

doctype statement for HTML

Back

lowercase

Front

use all lowercase or uppercase for element names?

Back

HTML5 <!DOCTYPE>

Front

is less complicated than in previous versions of HTML

Back

Document Type Definition (DTD)

Front

a set of rules that contains all the elements, attributes, and usage rules for the markup language you are using

Back

Tim Berners-Lee

Front

Proposed HTML at CERN in 1989, he was looking for a way to easily mange and share information among scientific colleagues over the Internet

Back

strict HTML 5

Front

are consistent with XML syntax

Back

Rule 3 for XHTML

Front

Use all lowercase for element names

Back

<header>

Front

New HTML 5 feature for header 3

Back

Rule 4 for XHTML

Front

always use closing tags

Back

Yes but not overlap

Front

Can you nest HTML element?

Back

<nav>

Front

New HTML 5 feature for navigation bar 1

Back

<footer>

Front

New HTML 5 feature for footer 4

Back

standards mode

Front

when you include a document type, the browser presents the document using W3C rules

Back

<meta>

Front

specifies the document content type and character

Back

Rule 2 for XHTML

Front

All tags must nest properly and not overlap

Back

False

Front

web browsers are not forgiving of nonstandard coding

Back

The key to displaying your web pages correctly in the browser

Front

is stating the correct <!DOCTYPE> and MIME type

Back

metadata

Front

information about the document itself, how to present the document or what other documents are related to it, such as style sheets. it is contained in the <title>, <script>, and <style> elements that are in the head section

Back

Sectioning Root

Front

<body> element

Back

local data storage

Front

New HTML 5 feature 8

Back

hypertext

Front

a nonlinear way of organizing information

Back

<section>

Front

New HTML 5 feature for section 2

Back

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Front

founded in 1994 at MIT, is set standards for HTML and provides an open, nonproprietary forum for industry and academic representatives

Back

XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

Front

reformulated HTML in XML, keeping all the same elements and attributes as HTML 4.01

Back

Flow Content elements

Front

most of the elements that are used within the body section of the document.

Back

Sectioning content

Front

divides a document into sections, each of which can have its own set of headings

Back

Phrasing content

Front

elements that are used within lines of text in a document

Back

Support application for browser

Front

New HTML 5 feature 6

Back

<video> and <audio>

Front

New HTML 5 feature for different types of rich media 5

Back

validator

Front

software that checks an HTML document for syntax errors to test for code compliance.

Back

background data processing

Front

New HTML 5 feature 9

Back

Loose and Strict HTML 5

Front

HTML 5 two syntaxes

Back

deprecated element

Front

the element would be removed from future releases of HTML, ex: <font>

Back

drag and drop

Front

New HTML 5 feature 7

Back

loose HTML 5

Front

more relaxed and allows authors to use shortcuts in their code

Back

display elements, framesets, and frames

Front

HTML 5 removed them from previous versions of HTML

Back

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (MIME)

Front

originated as a standard for email, but has grown to defining content types for the web

Back

True

Front

HTML reduces the complexity of using SGML

Back

heading content

Front

<h1> thru <h6> plus <header>

Back

Section 3

(41 cards)

designing for accssibility

Front

developing web pages that remain accessible despite any physical, sensory, and cognitive disabilities; work constraints; or technological barriers on the part of the user

Back

mockup

Front

a page layout that is a sketch of the desired design

Back

wireframe

Front

show a more complete versioin of the page designs, including navigation elements, search functions...

Back

access keys

Front

lets users access sections of the site with keystrokes which are listed on the Accessibility page

Back

grid

Front

a conceptual layout device that aligns your page content into columns and rows

Back

transparent

Front

their allowed content is inherited from their parent element

Back

Attributes in HTML 5

Front

all display information is specified with CSS, so far fewer attributes are necessary

Back

active white space

Front

white space that is used deliberately

Back

three click rule

Front

don't make your users click more than three times to get to the content they desire

Back

content management system CMS

Front

a software that allows editing and publishing of content to different formats such as a desktop and mobile site

Back

Requirements

Front

the list of customers needs, such as capability, tabbed menu navigation, branding requirements, mobile site design, integration with a content management system, and anything else that will create the desired outcome for the site

Back

separate mobile or responsive design

Front

designers can use these strategies to serve their content

Back

construction and content development

Front

encompasses all of the techinical development of the site, including page coding and validation, application etc.

Back

billboard

Front

a site that establish a web presence for a business or commercial venture

Back

virtual gallery

Front

site to show of samples of art and design

Back

RSS ( real simple syndication)

Front

a syndication service provided by web sites that automatically distribute content. A format for web feeds that update users who subscribe to this service

Back

responsive design

Front

you design your web pages to adapt to different screen sizes, from smart phones to desktop monitors using CSS and media queries

Back

screen resolution

Front

the width and height of the screen in pixels

Back

1024 x 768

Front

a default setting for a majority of 15-17 inch monitors

Back

flexible layout

Front

can fill the screen at different screen resolutions, and is flexible to accomodate the wider screen resolution

Back

look and feel

Front

the interface that the user must navigate, how the site works and the personality it conveys the user

Back

portal

Front

act as gateways to the web and offer an array of services including searching, email, shopping, etc

Back

Section 508

Front

the law requires federal agencies to provide information technology that is accessible to federal employees and citizens who have disabilites

Back

separate mobile site

Front

you can offer two versions of your site, one for desktop computers and one for mobile devices

Back

passive white space

Front

the blank areas that border areas that border the screen or are the result of mismatched shapes.

Back

1366x768

Front

a common laptop computer resolution

Back

Named elements

Front

HTML 5 replaces <div> with these on the page

Back

cookies

Front

small pieces of text-based data that are stored in the user's machine.

Back

Valid Code

Front

conforms to the usage rules of W3C

Back

web workers

Front

background scripting processes that can run in the browser while the user is performing other actions, there are Java Script apps

Back

CSS media queries

Front

let you customize web page designs for different devices based on attributes such as screen width, resolution, and orientation.

Back

site specification

Front

the design document for your site

Back

user-controlled font size

Front

lets users switch to a legible alternate page version to make text easier to read

Back

wikis

Front

a type of online database that accepts contributions from multiple authors

Back

Semantic Markup

Front

a descriptive markup that identifies he intended use of document section, goes hand in hand with the new sectioning elements in HTML 5

Back

optional navigation links

Front

let users with screen readers skip repetitive navigation links and jump directly to the page content

Back

fixed design

Front

all the designer to control the look of the web pages as if it were a printed page, it stays centered in the browser window.

Back

<div>

Front

in the past, HTML authors used this element to structure the page

Back

taxonomy

Front

classifies and names content in a hierarchical structure

Back

high-contrast version

Front

lets users switch to a legible alternate age version to make text easier to read

Back

publishing

Front

a site that contain multiple levels of information with many page designs

Back