Language Structure Terms in English

Language Structure Terms in English

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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False cognate

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (9)

Section 1

(9 cards)

False cognate

Front

Words in different languages that look and sound alike, yet have completely different meanings. Example: The word "gift" means "present" in English, but "das Gift" means "poison" in German!

Back

definite article

Front

"the" in English; "der", "die", or "das" in German. It refers to a specific thing, like "the apple" in your hand, vs. any old apple ("an apple" in general)

Back

Romance Languages

Front

Examples: Spanish and French.

Back

literal translation

Front

Word for word: describing what something means in another language by going strictly word by word, not taking into consideration how the phrase or sentence would usually be expressed in the other language.

Back

Cognate

Front

Words in different languages that look and sound similar and also have similar meanings. Example: "House" in English and "das Haus" in German.

Back

negation

Front

Turning a positive response into a negative one. For example, turning the phrase "I like clipper ships!" into the phrase "I do NOT like clipper ships!"

Back

formal vs. informal

Front

respectful language used with people you don't know well and with people of authority, versus casual language used with close friends, family, and children

Back

West Germanic Languages

Front

Examples: English and German.

Back

conjugation

Front

changing the verb form to match the subject

Back