Section 1

Preview this deck

Devolution

Front

Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%

0.0

0 reviews

5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0

Active users

0

All-time users

0

Favorites

0

Last updated

2 years ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (51)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Devolution

Front

The transfer of some power to one or more regional units - Cause: ethnonationalism - Effects: more local policy control, encouragement to fight for sovereignty, less unified state identity, financial costs

Back

Heartland Theory

Front

- Halford Mackinder - Believed if the balance of power among states was upset, one or a combination of states could become the dominant world power - Heartland: interior of Eurasia - could not be attacked by sea; resources - Could involve environmental determinism - Oversimplifies factors to determine political power

Back

Subsequent Boundaries

Front

Boundaries formed by conflict or cultural change

Back

Multinational State

Front

A state in which its population consists of two or more nations

Back

Cultural Boundaries

Front

Estimated boundaries between ethnic groups

Back

Geometric Boundaries

Front

Boundaries made along longitude and latitude lines

Back

Federal State

Front

The federal government shares power with its local subdivisions - Not as centralized - Division of power between federal and local governments - Dispute over national supremacy vs state's rights - Citizens treated differently in different parts

Back

Sovereignty

Front

The ability to decide affairs in its territory

Back

Shatterbelt Region

Front

Region that is caught between conflict between two superpowers . Their boundaries are often changed due to these conflicts

Back

Centripetal Forces

Front

Events or circumstances that help unite the people of a state - Raison D'etre: the purpose or reason for the initial existence existence

Back

Cracking

Front

The opposing voters are split up where they are the minority - Type of gerrymandering

Back

Ethnonationalism

Front

Ethnic communities desire to have more say

Back

Unitary State

Front

The federal government has absolute power; local subdivision exist to enforce it - Centralized power - Local governments given little power by federal government - Unity, stability, fewer national-local gov. conflicts - Won't meet local problems - Most common

Back

Compact State

Front

- Circular in shape - More unified; easier to govern, defend, communicate and travel - May become crowded, no variety in resources

Back

Democratization

Front

- Reformation of Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria - Ousting communism in East Germany and Czechoslovakia - Reformation of Romania

Back

Fortified Boundaries

Front

Physical boundaries reaffirming the border

Back

Fragmented State

Front

- Divided into multiple parts, often including islands - Greater water territory - Harder to communicate, travel, govern, defend

Back

UNCLOS

Front

United Nations Conference on the Law of the Seas (1982) - Created because more than one sovereign state claimed the same piece of water - Standard water borders for all UN states - Boundaries: delimited on maps, demarcated by posts, fences

Back

Superimposed Boundaries

Front

Boundaries made with disregard for ethnic groups

Back

Elongated State

Front

- Longer, narrow - Wide array of resources; more water territory - Harder to communicate, defend, travel, govern

Back

Rimland Theory

Front

- Nicholas Spykman - Countered Mackinder's theory - Rimland: edge of Eurasia - resources; coastal access; access to interior

Back

Contiguous Zone

Front

Enforces migration laws and sanitation (24 nautical miles from shore)

Back

Perforated State

Front

- Separate sovereign state within it - Encourages interaction between states - Ethnic conflict

Back

Redistricting

Front

Redrawing voting district lines for representatives to represent an equal number of people

Back

Stateless Nation

Front

When a nation does not have a state or coincide with one

Back

Packing

Front

Putting one group of peolpe together so that they are the majority of fewer districts - Type of gerrrymandering

Back

Nation

Front

Group of people with shared political aspirations and a common history - Multiple nations within a territory can cause conflict

Back

Nation-State

Front

An area in which a nation and state coincide with one another

Back

Antecedent/Relict Boundaries

Front

Boundaries that no longer exist

Back

Enclave

Front

A sovereign state that is completely surrounded by a separate state, usually created by ethnic groups separating and may lead to a hostile environment

Back

Exclave

Front

A part of a state that is completely separated from the rest of the state

Back

Median Line Principle

Front

When EEZs overlap - divide EEZs evenly

Back

The Cold War

Front

War fought by the USA and USSR over world dominance (capitalism vs communism) - Used client states to fight on their behalf

Back

Raztel's Theory

Front

- Friedrich Ratzel - Compared a state's growth to an organism's - Environmental determinism

Back

Buffer States

Front

Countries that remain neutral between two conflicting countries

Back

Gerrymandering

Front

Used by legislators to ensure a safe vote for their party's candidates. - Elbridge Gerry

Back

High Seas

Front

Beyond EEZ - fair game for anyone

Back

Prorupt State

Front

- Part of the projecting off; "panhandle" - Encourages interaction between states - Panhandle group isolated, discriminated

Back

Territorial Waters

Front

Fishing rights and sovereign territory (12 nautical miles from shore)

Back

Balkanization

Front

The break up of a state into two or more units

Back

Domino Effect

Front

Idea that once a few countries fell into communism, others would fall - Never existed

Back

Confederation

Front

the federal government has less power than its local subdivisions; more like an alliance of independent states - Decentralized - Large central government cannot develop - Subdivisions cooperate, still have their own identities - Lack of unity and common laws - Hard to enforce laws and collect taxes

Back

Supranationalism

Front

When multiple states work together for a common economic, military, cultural or political purpose - Political security, trading opportunity, shared wealth and power - Loss of portion of sovereignty

Back

State

Front

- Defined boundaries - Sovereign government - Permanent population - Recognized by other states

Back

Fall of Communism

Front

- Falling of Berlin Wall - Breakup and loss of USSR territory

Back

Physical Boundaries

Front

Boundaries formed by nature landmarks like mountains and river

Back

Reapportionent

Front

When an area or state has a large change in population, this occurs to insure that each representative in the House of Representatives of the same state represent the same amount of people

Back

Territoriality

Front

Having a strong attachment to or defensive control of a specific area

Back

EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)

Front

Controls natural resources, exploration and extraction, fisheries, oil (200 nautical miles from shore)

Back

Multistate Nation

Front

A nation that transcends the borders of two or more states

Back

Section 2

(1 card)

Centrifugal Forces

Front

Events or circumstances that divide and split the people of a state

Back