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W3C - World Wide Web Consortium

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Cards (21)

Section 1

(21 cards)

W3C - World Wide Web Consortium

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An international consortium of companies with the Internet and the Web. The W3C was founded in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee.

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XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

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A hybrid between HTML and XML specifically designed for Net device displays. XHTML is a markup language written in XML and is a stricter and cleaner version of HTML.

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browser

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The software application used in retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web

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XML Extensible Markup Language

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Developed by W3C, XML is a pared-down version of SGML designed especially for Web documents

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Java

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A high-level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems

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Encoding

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Preparing data for storage or transmission by reducing redundancies and complexity.

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Open Source

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A program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge

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Database

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A collection of information organized in such a way that a computer program can quickly access and select desired pieces of data.

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Server-side

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Applications that run on the Web server such as CGI Scripts.

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Client-side

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Applications on the World Wide Web that run on the client's server or computer and are executed by the browser installed on the client's computer. JavaScript scripts are client-side because they are executed by the client's browser.

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HTML Hypertext Mark-up Language

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The authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web. A set of tags that are used to mark up plain text so that a browser application knows how to display the text.

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SQL - Structured Query Language

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a standardized query language for requesting information from a database

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SGML Standard Generalized Mark-Up Language

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Establishes a standard for defining mark-up languages. HTML is a type of SGML

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ISO International Organization for Standardization

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Sets international standards for computer languages so computers can communicate world-wide. Used for multiple international business and computer standards to ensure a standard of quality and the ability to communicate.

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PHP

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An open source, server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages

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CGI Common Gateway Interface

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A specification for transferring information between a World Wide Web server and any program on the client's computer designed to accept and return data.

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Ajax Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

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The term AJAX refers to a loose grouping of technologies that are used to create dynamic, interactive web content. Using a number of existing technologies together to make quick and incremental updates to the user interface without reloading the entire browser page. The technologies combined together include the following: HTML or XHTML, Cascading Style Sheets, JavaScript, the Document Object Model, XML, XSLT, and the XMLHttpRequest object.

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CSS Cascading Style Sheets

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A feature added to HTML that gives both Web site developers and users more control over how pages are displayed. Allows designers and users to define how different elements, such as headers and links, appear.

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ASP Application Service Provider

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a third-party entity that manages and distributes software-based services and solutions to customers across a wide area network from a central data center.

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JQuery

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A free and open source JavaScript library that is used by Web developers to navigate HTML documents, handle events, perform animations and add Ajax interactions to Web pages

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JavaScript

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A scripting language developed by Netscape to enable Web authors to design interactive sites

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