Section 1

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Non Hodgkin's lymphoma

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (78)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Non Hodgkin's lymphoma

Front

A type of lymphoma in which cancer originates in the lymph nodes?

Back

Gynecomastia

Front

Male client presents with enlarged breast tissue that mimics a females tissue.

Back

1 - in the brain and lungs, 2 - mostly in the heart, 3 - mostly in the skeletal muscle

Front

Where is CPK 1, 2 and 3 most likely found?

Back

Karyorrhexis

Front

What step in irreversible nuclear changes causes fragmentation of nucleus?

Back

Secondary polycythemia

Front

Cause of natural or artificial increases in the production of erythropoietin, common in individuals living at high altitude?

Back

Liquefaction necrosis - such as a pimple

Front

What type of necrosis has a watery break up of cells; usually caused by bacterial enzymes of some body reaction to microbial infection?

Back

It is an intracellar enzyme, in the cell.

Front

Where is creatine phosphokinase isoenzymes found?

Back

Hyperplasia

Front

What is the general term for increase in the number of cells?

Back

No, it helps sulfydryl compounds release hydrogen that inactivated peroxide or hydroxyl free radicals.

Front

Does glutathione peroxidase scavenge free radicals?

Back

Pyknosis, karyorrhexis, karyolysis

Front

What are the steps of irreversibly nuclear change starting with clumping.

Back

Monocasual theory of disease

Front

What is the theory that subluxation is the cause of 95% disease?

Back

Lymphoma

Front

Cancer of lymphatic tissue

Back

Coagulation necrosis - common in organs and glands

Front

What type of necrosis has coagulation of cells in which tissue details remain; usually caused by sudden loss of blood supply?

Back

Myositis ossificans circumscripta , mostly in the quads

Front

What is the condition of boney growth within the muscle following a soft tissue injury.

Back

Cushings

Front

A condition that occurs from exposure to high cortisol levels for a long time.

Back

Superoxide dismutase - glutathione peroxidase - catalase

Front

Which enzymes oxidize free radicals?

Back

Gummatous necrosis - usually caused by infection with the organism of syphilis - treponema palladium

Front

What type of necrosis has accumulation of a gummy material in an area of tissue injury?

Back

Caseous necrosis - usually caused by infection with the organism of tuberculosis - mycobacterium tuberculosis

Front

What type of necrosis has accumulation of a cheesy material in an area of tissue injury?

Back

Roughly two weeks, based on the inability for cells to replicate.

Front

What time span would a person live if the had radiation poisoning?

Back

Emphysema

Front

A group of conditions that block airflow and make it difficult to breath.

Back

The vitamins are C - E - beta carotene and the mineral is Selenium.

Front

What are the primary anti-oxidant scavengers?

Back

Fat necrosis

Front

What type of necrosis has death of adipose cells, fat deposits, usually caused by release of fat-splitting enzymes into the tissue

Back

Circulatory collapse.

Front

What is shock?

Back

Plasmalemma

Front

What is the cellular organelle with a double phospholipid bilayer, and maintains the ionic composition of the cell.

Back

Rapidly increases cell permeability leading to lysis of the cell.

Front

What does mercuic chloride poisoning do to the cell?

Back

Enzymes that differ in amino acid sequence but performs the same chemical reaction.

Front

What are isoenzymes?

Back

Excreted by bacteria clostridium, destroys integrity of cell membrane. Can lead to gas gangrene.

Front

What will phospholipase C do?

Back

Marasmus

Front

Total caloric deprivation.

Back

Yes.

Front

Is myositis ossificans a type of metaplasia

Back

Polycythemia vera

Front

What is the condition of uncontrolled red blood cell production in the bone marrow.

Back

A broad spectrum steroid that reduces inflammation in the body.

Front

How does prednisone effect the body

Back

Myositis ossificans progressiva

Front

Condition of boney growth in the muscle from genetic disorder.

Back

Leukemia, acute in children, chronic in adults

Front

Cancer in blood forming tissues over producing blood cells hindering the bodies ability to fight infection

Back

Kwashiorkor

Front

Diets lacking in proper protein.

Back

Schistosomiasis

Front

Condition producing a parasitic infection carried by fresh water snails.

Back

Myasthenia gravis

Front

A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control, such as droopy eye

Back

By radiolysis, splitting of a hydrogen atom of water, forming hydroxyl free radicals, which results in the peroxidation of lipids in cellular membranes, can also interact with DNA and inhibit replication, this results in cell death eventually

Front

How does ionizing radiation cause free radicals in the body?

Back

Fibrous dysplasia of bone

Front

A condition where benign tumor of the hip in which the trabachela are replaced by collagen.

Back

Hodgkin's disease

Front

Where would you find a Reed-Sternberg cells?

Back

Mitochondria

Front

Which organelle has the Krebs cycle in the lumen?

Back

Endemic goiter

Front

Client presents with enlarged thyroid and with dietary iodine deficiency.

Back

Pathology

Front

What is the general term for causes of disease?

Back

Addinsons disease

Front

A disorder in which the adrenal glands don't produce enough hormones and darkening of the skin, mostly in the wrinkling portions of the skin

Back

Metaplasia

Front

What is the develop of normal tissue in an abnormal location?

Back

Graves disease

Front

Immune system disorder that results in the over production of thyroid hormone.

Back

Embolism

Front

What is the threat of a thrombus that forms in a vein?

Back

Nodular goitar

Front

Client presents with enlarged thyroid that has nodules.

Back

Hodgkin's disease

Front

A type of lymphoma in which cancer originates in lymphocytes?

Back

An Ion that has an unshared electron, which may or may not carry a charge

Front

What is a free radical?

Back

Dysplasia

Front

What is it when epithelial and mesenchymal cells develop an irregular shape and size in response to irritation or inflammation

Back

Section 2

(28 cards)

provides the structural components for Steroid hormones and phospholipids

Front

What does Dietary cholesterol do for the body?

Back

Crystalline arthropothy aka gout

Front

Purine crystals in DNA precipitate out into the joint spaces, wearing away cartilage in the joint. Bone on bone rubbing ͆ Gout uric acid levels . Increased blood levels due to diets rich in uric acid/DNA (i.e. shellfish, liver, brains, etc.)

Back

Wilson's disease

Front

What disease results in copper accumulation in the liver?

Back

Dystrophic calcification

Front

Bone spurs, myositis ossificans, atherosclerosis, ghon lesion, dystrophic heart valve

Back

Metastatic calcification

Front

o Increased calcium in normal tissues: systemic problem due to hypercalcemia o Hyperparathyroidism increase in parathormone stimulates osteoclast activity; raises blood calcium levels by resorbing calcium and not allowing it to leave the body.

Back

Osteoclasts would dissolve more bone and retain more calcium at excretion

Front

What result would Hyper parathyroid hormone have on the body.

Back

Myositis ossificans ͆

Front

_____________bone forms in soft tissue, usually in

Back

Atheromas

Front

__________ become atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries due to intake of calcium)

Back

Wet, liquefactive - dry, coagluative - gas, anaerobic bacteria dissolves the skin

Front

What are the three types of gangrene

Back

Choreiform movement

Front

What is a symptom of Wilson's disease?

Back

Allopurinol, can't be given during the onset of symptoms.

Front

Medications for gout treatment

Back

Von gierke

Front

is the most common of the glycogen storage diseases. This genetic disease results from deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase. The deficiency impairs the ability of the liver to produce free glucose from glycogen and from gluconeogenesis.

Back

Progeria aka Werner's disease: accelerated aging

Front

cellular aging Due to free-radicals from mitochondria o

Back

Al Amyloidosis

Front

is a rare disease that results from the buildup of misfolded proteins known as amyloids, most common type

Back

Enthesopathy

Front

____________ (calcification of ligament or tendon) ͆ heel spur due to plantar fasciitis

Back

Gangrenous necrosis - is a process related to lack blood also known as ischemic necrosis

Front

What type of necrosis has death of cells in an extremity caused by ischemia and sometimes superimposed bacterial infection

Back

Starvation Impaired phospholipid synthesis Increased esterification of free fatty acids Decrease apoprotein Impaired coupling of triglyceride to apoprotein Impaired secretion of lipoproteins from liver First 3 are to much FA in final 3 are not enough FA out

Front

6 causes of fatty liver?

Back

Damages the liver.

Front

What organ does to much iron harm?

Back

Ghon Lesion ͆

Front

___________ due to TB in lung, calcified lymph nodes in hilar or apical portion of lung

Back

Rheumatic fever ͆

Front

____________autoimmune disorder characterized by damage to heart valves (and blood vessels and joint synovia) RF is an an infection. The body forms an antibody response against strepptococcyus, which attacks the body tissues. The attacks on heart valves heal with calcium, but end up hardening to cause Dystrophic calicification causing a murmur.

Back

Liver and lentiform nucleus

Front

Where does albumin deposit copper?

Back

ceruloplasmin

Front

Carrier protein in copper is ______?

Back

Dystrophic calcification

Front

Damaged tissues accumulate calcium and other mineral salts, especially where fat cells have been damaged. Saponification is like seeds for calcium deposits to form.

Back

Hepatolenticular degeneration

Front

Back

Which anemia requires iron supplementation?

Front

Back

Uric acid is produced from over consumption of organ meats rich in purines. Also dairy products and ethanol

Front

Uric acid comes from

Back

Bilirubin spilling into blood, jaundice,

Front

Internal bleeding, flood of bilirubin in the liver, backed up gall bladder, excess RBC being destroyed

Back

Soap

Front

FA + Ca+2 =

Back