Hesi Entrance Exam A&P Practice Test

Hesi Entrance Exam A&P Practice Test

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Section 1

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What is the role of progesterone in the female reproductive system?

Front

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (43)

Section 1

(43 cards)

What is the role of progesterone in the female reproductive system?

Front

Stimulates the development of the endometrium.

Back

Nerve tissue is composed of neuron and connective tissue cells that are referred to as which of the following?

Front

Neuroglia

Back

Why are the skeletal muscles also called voluntary muscles?

Front

They are under conscious control.

Back

Which of the following are tropic hormones?

Front

Somatotropin, follicle-stimulating hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone.

Back

The heart has an intrinsic beat that is initiated by which of the following?

Front

Sinoatrial node

Back

What are chemical messengers that control growth, differentiation,and the metabolism of specific target cells called?

Front

Hormones

Back

All the nutrients that enter the hepatic portal vein are routed where for decontamination?

Front

Liver

Back

Which tissue serves as the framework of the body by providing support and structure for the organs?

Front

Connective

Back

Motor or _____ neurons transmit nerve impulses away from the CNS.

Front

Efferent

Back

In men, spermatozoa develop within the ________ of the testis

Front

Seminiferous tubules

Back

The stomach muscle churns and mixes the food, turning the mass into soupy substance called?

Front

Chyme

Back

What is the exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood through the alveoli called?

Front

External respiration

Back

In order for inhalation to occur, what must happen?

Front

Contraction of the diaphragm, which enlarges the chest cavity and draws air into the lungs.

Back

What is the basic unit of life and the building block of tissues and organs?

Front

Cell

Back

What is the function of aldosterone?

Front

It conserves sodium in the body.

Back

A tissue examined under the microscope exhibits the following characteristics: cells found on internal surface of stomach, no extracellular matrix, cells tall and thin, no blood vessels in the tissue. What type of tissue is this?

Front

Epithelial

Back

Which of the following are functions of the skeletal system?

Front

Support the body, hemopoiesis, provide protection

Back

Which of the following is the blood vessels where exchanges take place between blood and the cells of the body

Front

Capillary

Back

Which type of cell division takes place in the gonads?

Front

Meiosis

Back

Which mineral is responsible for regulating fluid in the body?

Front

Magnesium

Back

Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood does what?

Front

It is converted to bicarbonate ions.

Back

What separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?

Front

Diaphragm

Back

The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the middle region of the humerus. What is he describing?

Front

Diaphysis

Back

Jeffery has contracted bulbar poliomyelitis, and it has affected the medulla oblongata. The doctors warned the family that his condition is grave and death may be imminent. What functions of the medulla oblongata have warranted such a dire prognosis?

Front

The medulla oblongata contains vital centers that control heart action, blood vessel diameter, and respiration.

Back

What mineral is responsible for muscle contractions?

Front

Calcium

Back

What does the parathyroid hormone regulate?

Front

Calcium

Back

In what area of the body would you expect to find and especially thick stratum corneum?

Front

Heel of the foot

Back

During pregnancy, what organ produces the hormones that maintain the endometrium and prepare the breasts for milk production?

Front

Placenta

Back

Where are the pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors (specialized sensory nerves that assist with the regulation of circulation and respiration) located?

Front

Carotid body

Back

You have been given a sample of tissue that has open spaces partially filled by an assemblage of needlelike structures. What is the tissue?

Front

Spongy bone

Back

How does the trachea remain open like a hollow tube?

Front

Supporting cartilaginous rings keep it open.

Back

Which leukocytes are correctly matched with their function or description?

Front

Monocytes - become macrophages, lymphocytes - important in immune response, neurophils - phagocytize micro organisms.

Back

Which hormone initiates the preparation of the endometrium of the uterus for pregnancy?

Front

Estrogen

Back

What are the glands of the skin that produce a thin, watery secretion?

Front

Eccrine glands

Back

Which are the functional units of the kidney?

Front

Nephrons

Back

What are the two functions of the male and female sex organs?

Front

Production of gametes and production of hormones.

Back

The only moveable bone in the skull is?

Front

Mandible

Back

Which of the the following locations would the urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs be found?

Front

Pelvic cavity

Back

Testicular activity is under the control of which hormones?

Front

Both FSH and LH

Back

You have been given a sample of tissue that has pillar shaped cells arranged tightly together. The tissue you have is:

Front

Columnar epithelium

Back

Vasodilation and vasoconstriction result from which of the following ?

Front

Relaxation and contraction of the smooth muscle in the arterial wall.

Back

Skin aids in maintaining the calcium and phosphate levels of the body by participating in the production of which of the following?

Front

Vitamin D

Back

All actions of the nervous system depend on the transmission of nerve impulses over ______.

Front

Neurons

Back