GA High School Physical Science EOCT

GA High School Physical Science EOCT

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Section 1

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SCIENTIFIC NOTATION

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (91)

Section 1

(50 cards)

SCIENTIFIC NOTATION

Front

A value written as a simple number multiplied by a power of 10

Back

RELEVANT

Front

Providing evidence to prove or disprove an issue or question

Back

CONCENTRATED

Front

A solution with a large amount of solute dissolved in the solvent. (Supersaturated)

Back

ELECTRONS

Front

The negatively charged subatomic particles located in the region surrounding the nucleus of an atom known as the electron cloud

Back

ATOM

Front

The smallest part of all matter

Back

DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

Front

A method of multiplying a given result by a conversion factor to change it from one unit of measure to another.

Back

LIQUIDS

Front

Have a definite volume but no definite shape; take the shape of the container

Back

DEPENDENT VARIABLE

Front

The responding variable that occurs as a result of the experiment. It is the result of the independent variable. Y-axis

Back

NEUTRONS

Front

A subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom that has no charge

Back

TEMPERATURE

Front

A measure of the average kinetic energy (motion) of all the particles within an object

Back

NUCLEUS

Front

The center of the atom

Back

PROTONS

Front

The positive subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom

Back

ACCURATE

Front

Free from error

Back

DATA

Front

Information that is gathered from research or experimentation

Back

MIXTURES

Front

A physical change, which involves combining two or more substances that DO NOT chemically react.

Back

SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION

Front

An experiment with a single independent and dependent variable

Back

CONTROLS

Front

Experimental conditions that are not changed in order to test the independent variable

Back

ATOMIC MASS

Front

A number located on the Periodic Table that gives the approximate mass of the nucleus, which is a combination of the protons and neutrons

Back

HYPOTHESIS

Front

A prediction based on observations and inferences stated in terms of an independent and dependent variable that can be tested.

Back

CONDUCTIVITY

Front

The ability to transfer energy as heat or electricity between particles

Back

PHASE CHANGES

Front

The change from one state of matter to another involves a change in potential energy of the particles (distance or position), not kinetic energy (motion) - examples- melting, freezing, boiling, evaporation, condensation, sublimation

Back

CRYSTAL

Front

A solid arranged in a repeating pattern

Back

MODEL

Front

A miniature representation of something; a description or analogy of something (like an atom) that cannot be directly observed.

Back

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE

Front

The variable that the experimenter changes (manipulates). X-axis

Back

CHEMICAL CHANGE

Front

Involves that creation of a new substance as a result of chemically combing two different substances

Back

GASES

Front

Have no definite shape and no definite volume

Back

SOLUTE

Front

A substance that dissolves in a solution

Back

KINETIC THEORY OF MATTER

Front

Describes how matter is arranged according to state and energy level

Back

SOLVENT

Front

The substance that dissolves the solute to make a solution

Back

CONVERSION FACTOR

Front

a ratio equal to one that expresses the same quantity in two ways

Back

HOMOGENEOUS MIXTURE

Front

A mixture in which one substance dissolves in another. The mixture remains combined upon standing.

Back

SAFETY PROCEDURES

Front

Established ways of doing things while conduction scientific experiments to ensure that no harm occurs to the experimenters

Back

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Front

Properties that can be determined without permanently changing the substance

Back

VOLUME

Front

A measure of space, such as the capacity of a container

Back

HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE

Front

A mixture that does not evenly combine/mix. One substance does not dissolve in another. The mixture will separate upon standing.

Back

TECHNOLOGY

Front

The application of science to meet human needs

Back

ISOTOPE

Front

An atom of the same element that has the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons

Back

DILUTE

Front

A solution with a small amount of solute dissolved in the solvent. (Unsaturated)

Back

FORMULAS

Front

Rules or principles expressed in symbols; symbolic expressions of the chemical composition of a substance

Back

TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN

Front

The process of planning or making something to meet human needs

Back

PRECISION

Front

The degree to which an instrument can be read with certainty plus one digit- estimate

Back

PHYSICAL CHANGE

Front

A change in a physical property that does not change the make up of the substance

Back

SOLIDS

Front

Have a definite shape and volume

Back

PLASMA

Front

High energy, electrically charged particles that give off heat and light

Back

PURE SUBSTANCE

Front

An element of a compound

Back

ELEMENT

Front

A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical reactions

Back

ATOMIC NUMBER

Front

A number located on the Periodic Table that identifies the element and the number of protons and electrons

Back

CREDIBLE

Front

Offering reasonable evidence for being believed

Back

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Front

Properties that describe the behavior of matter when it reacts with other matter

Back

DENSITY

Front

An objects mass divided by its volume

Back

Section 2

(41 cards)

PH

Front

A measure of the hydronium ion concentration in a solution using a scale from 0-14, with 0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most base

Back

IONS

Front

A charged atom due to loosing or gaining electrons during bonding

Back

IONIC BOND

Front

A bond formed by the attraction between oppositely charged ions

Back

EXOTHERMIC REACTION

Front

a reaction that transfers energy from the reactants to the surroundings usually as heat; feels warmer

Back

IONIC COMPOUND

Front

The chemical combination between a metal and nonmetal

Back

CATALYSTS

Front

A substance that changes the rate of chemical reactions without being consumed or changed

Back

MECHANICAL ENERGY

Front

The sum of the kinetic and potential energy in a system

Back

NEWTON'S 2ND LAW OF MOTION

Front

Acceleration of an object equals the net force of that object divided by its mass

Back

BASE

Front

Class of compounds that taste bitter, feel slippery in water solutions, turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts

Back

WORK

Front

The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object move a distance

Back

COVALENT BOND

Front

A bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons

Back

ACCELERATION

Front

The change in velocity divided by the time interval in which the change occurred

Back

COVALENT COMPOUND

Front

The chemical combination between two or more nonmetals

Back

NEWTON'S 3RD LAW OF MOTION

Front

Forces come in pairs that are equal in size and opposite in direction

Back

PRECIPITATE

Front

A solid product that is created during a chemical reaction

Back

CHEMICAL FORMULA

Front

The symbols of the elements in a compound with subscripts showing their ratio, metals always are written first.

Back

CHEMICAL ENERGY

Front

The energy stored within atoms and molecules that can be release when a substance reacts

Back

POTENTIAL ENERGY

Front

Stored energy resulting from the position or condition of an object

Back

PERIOD

Front

A horizontal row of elements on the Periodic Table that have similar properties in terms of bonding

Back

NEUTRAL

Front

A solution in which the concentration of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions are equal (pH of 7)

Back

ENERGY

Front

The ability to change or move matter

Back

CHEMICAL REACTION

Front

The process where elements and/or compounds interact with one another to form new substances

Back

ENDOTHERMIC REACTION

Front

A reaction in which energy is transferred to the reactants from the surroundings usually in the form of heat; feels cooler

Back

NEWTON'S 1ST LAW OF MOTION

Front

Objects in motion will stay in motion unless a net force acts on them

Back

DOUBLE REPLACEMENT REACTION

Front

A chemical reaction where two compounds change partners

Back

DECOMPOSITION REACTION

Front

A reaction in which one compound is broken down into two or more products.

Back

KINETIC ENERGY

Front

The energy of motion

Back

ACID

Front

Class of compounds whose water solutions taste sour, turn blue litmus red, and react with bases to form salts

Back

ENERGY LEVELS

Front

These make up the electron cloud. Only a certain number of electrons can remain in each level

Back

MOTION

Front

Change in position over time

Back

GROUP

Front

A vertical column of elements on the Periodic Table with similar properties; also called a family

Back

BALANCED CHEMICAL EQUATION

Front

An equation that uses chemical formulas and symbols to show the reactants (on the left) and the products (on the right) in a chemical reaction; numbers in front of the formulas (coefficients) are added to make the numbers of atoms equal

Back

VELOCITY

Front

A quantity describing both speed and direction

Back

SINGLE REPLACEMENT REACTION

Front

A chemical reaction in which a free element replaces an ion in a compound

Back

SYNTHESIS REACTION

Front

A reaction of at least two reactants that produce one product

Back

ELECTRICAL ENERGY

Front

The energy associated with the electrical charges, whether moving or at rest

Back

MASS

Front

The amount of matter in an object

Back

FORCE

Front

The cause of an acceleration, or a change in an objects velocity- a push or a pull

Back

VALENCE ELECTRONS

Front

The number of electrons found in the outer most energy level of an atom

Back

WEIGHT

Front

Gravitational force pulling down on an object

Back

INERTIA

Front

Resistance to change determined by mass

Back