AP English Rhetorical Devices

AP English Rhetorical Devices

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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Oxymoron

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (74)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Oxymoron

Front

a pair of terms that combines terms normally seen as opposites

Back

Pun

Front

play on words that utilizes a word's multiple meanings

Back

Onomatopoeia

Front

word whose sound suggests its meaning

Back

Imagery

Front

use of language to represent sense experience

Back

Figurative Language

Front

words that are inaccurate literally, but describe by calling to mind sensations or responses that the thing described evokes

Back

Call to Action

Front

writing that urges people or promotes change

Back

Allusion

Front

indirect reference to famous events or characters from history, literature, or mythology

Back

Personification

Front

attribution of human qualities to inanimate objects or abstract concepts

Back

Characterization

Front

techniques and process used to create and reveal fictional personalities - bringing a character to life in a work

Back

Consonance

Front

repetition of consonant sounds; not limited to the first letter of words

Back

Dramatic Irony

Front

reader or audience knows more about the events of a story than the character in the story

Back

Euphemism

Front

mild word used to substitute an unpleasant or offensive word

Back

Situational Irony

Front

contrast between what is normally expected and what actually occurs

Back

Syntax

Front

manner in which words are joined to make phrases, clauses, and sentences

Back

Minor character

Front

a character who does not have a primary role, or may appear in few scenes

Back

Flashback

Front

a method of narration where the present action of the plot is interrupted by jumping back to past events

Back

Realistic Fiction

Front

genre of an artistic, literary portrayal, or representation of reality to make a story more believable

Back

Antagonist

Front

a character who is opposed to or struggles with another character (typically the protagonist).

Back

Verbal Irony

Front

what is said is the opposite of what is meant

Back

Connotation

Front

emotions associated with a word

Back

Foreshadowing

Front

method used to build suspense by providing hints of what is to come

Back

Motif

Front

frequently recurring character, incident, or concept in a work of literature

Back

Juxtaposition

Front

placement of two things side by side for the purposes of examination

Back

Alliteration

Front

repetition of initial consonant sounds in words

Back

Satire

Front

used to arouse laughter at targets such as people or groups to expose human folly

Back

Parallelism

Front

similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses

Back

Diction

Front

word choice

Back

Simile

Front

comparison using "like" or "as"

Back

Hyperbole

Front

overstatement or exaggeration of facts

Back

Analogy

Front

process of resoning that assumes if the 2 subjects share a number of specific observable qualities, then they can be expected to share unobserved qualities.

Back

Pathos (Emotional Appeal)

Front

appeals to the audience's emotions

Back

Denotation

Front

dictionary definition of a word

Back

Logos (Logical Appeal)

Front

appeals to the audience's sense of logic and reasoning

Back

Flat Character (also Static Character)

Front

a simple character without extensive personality or characterization that is not well developed and does not change over the course of a story.

Back

Metaphor

Front

comparison without using "like" or "as"

Back

Tone

Front

attitude of the speaker of a work of literature expresses to the reader through language

Back

Assonance

Front

repetition of similar vowel sounds

Back

Anaphora

Front

repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row

Back

Allegory

Front

symbolic story that has a second meaning beneath the surface one

Back

Rhetorical Question

Front

question used to emphasize a point; no answer is expected

Back

Cliche

Front

expression so often used its freshness and originality have worn off

Back

Cacophany

Front

harsh joining of sounds

Back

Mood

Front

atmosphere or feeling created by a literary work

Back

Symbol

Front

character, object, or event in literature that represents something larger than itself

Back

Style

Front

arrangement of words in a manner that expresses the author's individuality and his or her intent

Back

Paradox

Front

a phrase or statement that appears contradictory yet expresses a truth when viewed from another angle

Back

Antithesis

Front

juxtaposition of two contrasting ideas

Back

Ethos (Ethical Appeal)

Front

appeals to the audience's sense of morals or principles

Back

Theme

Front

main idea that the author expresses in a literary work

Back

Voice

Front

total "sound" or "feel" of a writer's style that is present behind characters, narrators, and personae of literature

Back

Section 2

(24 cards)

rising action

Front

the complication of conflict in a story

Back

Suspense

Front

Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story

Back

Objective POV

Front

a totally impersonal narrator tells the story

Back

Point of View

Front

who is telling the story - the perspective or vantage point from which a story is told.

Back

Rhyme

Front

repetition of the same sounds in close positioned words or phrases

Back

Shift (or Turn)

Front

a change or movement in a piece resulting from insight

Back

climax

Front

the highest point of action or tention before the resolution

Back

Setting

Front

the time, place, and environment of a story.

Back

Conflict

Front

opposition between charaters, groups, nature, etc.

Back

Protagonist

Front

the central character of a story

Back

External Conflict

Front

the struggle between a character and another force beyond themself

Back

Round Character (also Dynamic Character)

Front

a character who has such a well definied personality and characterization that they seem like a real person

Back

exposition

Front

introduction/beginning of plot establishing characters, setting, and conflict

Back

Repetition

Front

reiterating or rewording the same ideas, words, or phrases for emphasis

Back

resolution

Front

the end of a story where normally the conflict is solved

Back

Fable

Front

genre of literature illustrating human tendancies or truths through animal characters

Back

3rd person LIMITED POV

Front

an unknown narrator tells the story relating the thoughts and feelings of ONE character

Back

3rd person OMNISCIENT POV

Front

an unknown narrator tells the story relating the thoughts and feelings of ALL character - "all knowing" narrator

Back

1st person POV

Front

a character IN the story is telling the story

Back

Science Fiction

Front

genre dealing with speculative time travel, aliens, robots, etc. based on the premis of a "what-if" scenario. Usually set in the future

Back

Internal Conflict

Front

the struggle between a character and him or herself. A stuggle with thoughts, ideas, conscience, etc.

Back

Colloquial expression

Front

words or phrases chaarcteristic or appropriate to ordinary, common speech

Back

falling action

Front

tying up of loose ends leading to the conclusion

Back

Plot

Front

sequence of events

Back