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What are 6 articles of faith in Sunni Islam 

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Date created

Nov 3, 2021

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What are 6 articles of faith in Sunni Islam 

Front

Tawhid- only one god 

angels- beliefs in angels 

holy books 

prophets-respect prophets 

day of judgement -

 

Back

islamic practises

(53 cards)

Quote for  Amr bil-Maroof and Nahi ‘Anil-Munkar (Shi’a)

 

Front

 

‘...and whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from.’ (Qur’an)

Back

Tabarra

Front

Disassociating with enemies of God 

Back

 eid al adha

Front

Celebrates ibrahims willingness to sacrifice his son for God and marks the end of hajj

 

Also known as the festival of sacrifice or Greater Eid.

It lasts for four days

It remembers Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son for God.

Muslims may visit friends and family and enjoy family meals.

It begins with prayers in a mosque. Some families give money.

Cards and presents are given and meals are shared.

Back

What is significant about sacrificing an animal 

Front

Remember ibrahims willingness to sacrifice his son out of obedience to God

Back

What is shahadah and how does it differ from Sunni and Shia 

Front

● ‘There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the prophet of Islam.

● It is the foundation of Islamic faith


● Add ‘and Ali is the friend of God’

● This shows that Ali is the true successor of

Muhammad.

Back

Quote for ummah

Front

‘This ummah of yours is a single ummah.’ (Qur’an)

Back

How do Sunnis celebrate ashura 

Front

Not the most important some celebrate the day slaves were freed in Egypt some celebrate the day Noah left the ark but they observe it with fasting and charity 

Back

what is khums 

Front

Khums refers to 20% of the excess income earned by Shi’a Muslims. Half goes to religious leaders and half goes to the poor.

Back

What are the 10 obligatory acts of Shia islam

Front

1. Salah – Prayer

2. Zakah – Charity

3. Sawm – Fasting

4. Khums – 20% income tax, half goes to charity,

half to six Shi’a leaders

5. Hajj- pilgrimage

6. Jihad- Struggle to maintain the faith and

defend Islam.

7. Amr-bil Maruf – encouraging what is good.

8. Nahi Anil Munkar – discouraging what is wrong

9. Tawallah- To be loving towards the friends of

God, including Muhammad and the Imams.

10.Tabarra – disassociating with the enemies of

God.

Five of the ten obligations are the same as the Five Pillars in Sunni Islam. The rest are additional obligations that are considered important under Shi’a Islam.

Back

Quote for sawm 

Front

‘Oh believers! Fasting is prescribed for you as it were for those before you that you may learn self-restraint’ (Qur’an)

Back

What is lesser jihad

Front

 

● Must be declared by a religious leader.

● Cannot be used to convert people to Islam.

● In response to a threat to the faith

● Must not gain territory or wealth and be the last

resort

Back

What is jihad

Front

Jihad is the struggle against evil with for the individual or as a collective fellowship. It required Muslims to strive to improve themselves and live how God wills.

Back

What is the significance of entering in state of ihram

Front

White symbolises purity and that they are equal before God 

Back

Why do people pay zakat

Front

This is an acknowledgement that everything comes from God, by giving to the poor. Zakat means to purify or cleanse, removing selfishness and greed. The figure of 2.5% was figured out by scholars as it was not stated in the Quran.

● Fulfilling a duty imposed by God, making clear they are a true Muslim.

● Shows a good attitude towards money as you are sharing.

● It strengthens communities

● It links to prayers and puts them into action.

Back

Quotations  for jihad 

Front

The person who struggles so that Allah’s Word is supreme is the one serving Allah’s cause.’ (Prophet Muhammed)

‘Repel evil with what is seen as better, then your enemy will become your friend.’ (Qur’an)

Back

Quote for eid al fitr 

Front

Verily it is only a festival for he whose fast Allah has

accepted and whose prayers He has acknowledged...’ (Imam

Ali – Shi’a)

Back

Quotations for zakah

Front

Be steadfast in prayer and giving.’ (Qur’an)

‘The purpose of zakah is to test the rich and provide for the poor, if all people paid their zakah no one would be poor any longer.’(Imam Ali – Shi’a)

Back

When does hajj start and end

Front

It starts and ends in Mecca. It usually takes place between 8th to 12th of Dhul- Hijjah, which is the last month in the Islamic calendar. Three million Muslims take part each year.

Back

What are the 5 pillars of Islam 

Front

● Shahadah–declarationoffaith

● Salah–Prayer

● Zakah–Charity

● Sawm–Fasting

● Hajj-Pilgrimage
 

they are essential for a perfect life 

Back

Quotes for Salah 

Front

In the name of the compassionate Allah.’ (Qur’an)

 ‘People should know that Allah sees each person in prayer even if they do not see him.’ (Imam Sadiq – Shi’a)

Back

Eid al fitr importance 

Front

Eid-ul-Fitr means breaking of the fast.

It marks the end of Ramadan

It thanks God for the strength to complete the fast and for providing wisdom and guidance as it the Quran was revealed during this month

Back

Quote for mosques 

Front

Whoever builds a mosque in the name of Allah is mentioned, Allah will build a house for him in Paradise.’ (Qur’an))

Back

What are the significances of hajj

Front

● Some go more than once in their lives.

● Once you complete hajj, you can be called Hajji.

● It can bring a deep spiritual transformation, being closer

to God.

● Teachers sincerity and humility.

● Inner peace, valuing justice, honesty, respect, kindness,

mercy and forgiveness.

● Self discipline as not all can complete it.

● Unity and equality, Ihram clothing is worn by everyone

and pilgrims sleep in tents.

● Reminds of the faith and examples set by Ibrahim, Hajira

and Ishmael.

● Can lead to forgiveness of sins.

Back

How do Muslims fast in Ramadan

Front

 They get up before sunrise to eat and drink enough to keep them satisfied until the end of the day.

The evening meal is often shared with family and friends, prayers are said and readings from the Quran. This can be difficult for Muslims living in non-Muslim countries. The focus of Ramadan is God. It is time to purify the thought to cleanse the soul.

Back

What is Ramadan 

Front

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is believed that during Ramadan the Quran was first revealed.

Back
  • Nahil Anril Munkar.
Front

discouraging the wrong 

Back

When should hajj be taken

Front

It should be made at least once in a Muslims life, provided they are fit and healthy.

Back

How is Eid al fitr celebrated 

Front

May be celebrated for between one and three days.

Muslims gather in a mosque or large outdoor area.

Everyone wears their best clothes and homes are decorated.

Special foods are eaten and processions may take place.

Cards and presents are exchanged

Back

why is prayer important in Islam 

Front

It is what God commanded them to do.

It is a way Muslims across the world are united.

It reminds them that God is more important than they are.

Back

What are the basic actions of prayer

Front

o While standing, Muslims recite the first chapter from the Quran.

o While bowing, Muslims say in Arabic; ‘Glory be to my Lord who is the greatest’ three times. This bowing position show they believe God to be great.

o Returning to an upright position, they make a recitation praising God.

o They kneel with their forehead, nose, hands, knees and toes touching the floor. This is called prostration shows complete obedience to God. They recite ‘How perfect is my Lord the most high’.

o Muslims then sit reciting ‘God is greatest’ and after pausing for a few seconds, they repeat ‘God is greatest’.

Back

What is the origin of hajj

Front

God told the prophet Ibrahim to take his wife Hajira and son Isma’il on a journey to Arabia. He then told Ibrahim to leave Hajira and Isma’il with some food and water.

Having run out of water, Hajira ran up and down two hills, Safa and Marwah, in search of more. Unable to find any water, she prayed to God and water then sprang from the ground. This source of water is called the Zamzam well.

When Ibrahim returned, he was commanded to build the Ka’aba as a shrine dedicated to Allah where worship would take place.

 

Over time, people began to worship idols at the Ka’aba instead of the one God, Allah. However, Muhammad restored the Ka’aba to its original purpose when he converted Makkah to Islam.

Back

What is significant about throwing pebbles at Mina 

Front

● Muslims walk to Muzdalifah, collecting 49 stones on the way.

● These stones are thrown at three walls in Jamarat, which represent the devil and temptation and show they reject evil.

Back

What do many Muslims do in Ramadan 

Front

Many Muslims recite the whole Quran. This allows Muslims to remember the importance of the teachings and their importance in their daily lives. Muslims will fast, complete charity and please God.

Back

The day of ashura and importance 

Front

is the day of remembrance  of Husayn death on 10 October 680ce in the battle of karbala were he was outnumbered by caliph Yazids I army. his death is a symbol of struggle against injustices and oppressions 

Back

What is involved in walking between the two hills 

Front

After circling the ka aba pilgrims walk 7 times between the hills safa and Marwah then earthy collect zamzam water this is significant because it remembers Hajiras search for water and the miraculous appearance of the well of zamzam

Back

What other type of charity could Muslims also give 

Front

 Some may pay a Sadaqah, which is a voluntary payment on top of zakat.

Back

Quotation for shahadah 

Front

I declare that there is no God but Allah, And Muhammed is His messenger.’

Back

Tawallah 

Front

To be loving towards the friends of God including Muhammad and the imams 

Back

What are the greater jihad

Front

● Personalstruggle

● Keep the five pillars

● Purifyone’sheartfromevil.

● Devote life to God resisting temptations.

Back

quotations for hajj

Front

And proclaim that the people should observe Hajj pilgrimage.’ (Qur’an)

‘For a single man [who goes on Hajj] of a believing family Allah will forgive all the sins of that family.’ (Qur’an)

Back

What happens on hajj

Front
  • enter a state of ihram 
  • circling the ka aba 
  • walking between the two hills 
  • standing at Arafat 
  • throwing pebbles at Mina 
  • sacrificing an animal 
Back

Amr bil maruf

Front

Encouraging what is good 

Back

How do people commemorate  ashura 

Front

Re-enacting what happened with plays, grief and mourning by eating themselves and cut themselves to feel the pain husayn felt but not recommended and others go on pilgrimage to Iraq to see his tomb 

Back
What is significant about standing at Arafat 
Front

● Arafat is where Muhammad preached his last sermon.

● They spend the afternoon in prayer.

● God will forgive those who stand at Arafat.

Back

What is involved in entering a state of ihram 

 

Front

They must enter a state of purity by a ritual washing,praying and putting on ihram clothes which is two sheets of white cloth and women don’t wear this but normally wear a single colour normally white 

Back

What is the night of power and how is it important 

Front

Night of Power is an important festival that marks the beginning of God’s revelation. Observing the Night of Power give Muslims benefits of worshipping for a thousand months. Muslims try to keep awake on each possible night of each, devoting to prayers and studying the Quran.

Back

how did eid ul fitr originate 

Front

It originated from Muhammad after he had arrived from Madinna after having fled from peresecution in makkah and told the people that God set away two days of festivals id ul fitr, I’d ul adha

 

Back

What is involved in circling the ka aba

Front

.

● Pilgrims circle the Ka’aba seven times, anti-clockwise at Makkah at the Grand mosque 

and as they walk they touch the black stone or raise their towards if they pass

Back

How can you pay zakat

Front

Muslims can choose how to pay, some pay in gold. It can be paid directly to a charity like Islamic relief.

Back

Quote for lesser jihad 

Front

The best Jihad is the word of justice in front of an oppressive ruler.’ (attributed to the Prophet Muhammed)

Back

How do Muslims prepare for prayer 

Front

Muslims must be spiritually clean before they pray. This is achieved by a ritual washing called Wudu, following special instructions so they do it in the right order. Mosques have special rooms for this and running water is used. In the desert a dry wash of sand and dust can be used. It allows man to fully concentrate on prayer.

Must be facing the holy city of Mecca. Mosques have a Mihrab, which shows the direction of prayer. A special compass can be used to find the direction. A special carpets, set out the space for prayer. Prayers are led by an Imam. Men and women pray in separate spaces.

Back

Which prayers do Shia Muslims do 

Front

Shia Muslims pray three times a day, combining sunset and night prayers(maghrib and Isha) and midday and afternoon.(zuhr and fajr)

Back

Which people are excused the fast duting Ramadan

Front

People can be excused like pregnant women, nursing mothers, babies, young children and those who are ill. Some older children, may fast for a shorter length of time to help prepare themselves. It helps empathise with the poor.

Back