AP World History - Questions #3

AP World History - Questions #3

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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Nok Culture

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Cards (200)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Nok Culture

Front

earliest known West African culture; consisted of farmers, first to smelt iron weapons and tools; traded; Settled in Jenne-Jenno near Niger river, also located on important trade routes

Back

Middle Passage

Front

sea journey under taken by slave ships form west africa to west indies

Back

Ziggurat

Front

a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians

Back

Paleolithic

Front

moved frequently and in regular patterns from plants and animals

Back

Chimu

Front

powerful Peruvian civilization based on conquest. Located in the region earlier dominated by Moche. Conquered by Inca in 1465.

Back

Polytheism

Front

believes in many gods

Back

Empire

Front

political systems that exercise coercive power

Back

Olmecs

Front

(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization, lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups. Famous for giant stone heads

Back

Mandate of Heaven

Front

for rulers, believed they were chosen divinely

Back

30 years war

Front

(1618-1648) Protestant territories ion Bohemia challenged the authority of Holy Roman Catholic emperor

Back

Oligarch

Front

one of several people who rule a country or empire together, sharing the power

Back

Copernicious

Front

developed a theory that the earth revolves around the sun; Europe

Back

Caste

Front

system of dividing society into classes

Back

Quran

Front

the holy bible for islam

Back

Code of Hammurabi

Front

the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to 1790 BCE, the earliest legal code known in its entirety

Back

Trading Post Empire

Front

settlement established for trading in a remote area

Back

Renaissance

Front

the revival of art and literature under influences of classic models

Back

Cuneiform

Front

Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets

Back

Feudalism

Front

social system in Europe

Back

Persian Wars

Front

greek cities united against Persia 490 BC

Back

Mercantilism

Front

country actively sought to trade

Back

Triumvirate

Front

in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government

Back

Ma'at

Front

the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head

Back

Rationalism

Front

a belief that opinion and actions that are based on reason and knowledge rather than religion

Back

Zapotecs

Front

civilization that flourished in southern Mexico's Oaxaca Valley (c. 500 B.C.E. to C.E. 600)

Back

Silk Roads

Front

flourishing land trade route

Back

Helot

Front

status between slaves and citizens

Back

Vasco de gama

Front

rounded cape of good hope, and went to India

Back

Hegemony

Front

the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others

Back

Persepolis

Front

persian empires ancient capital audience hall venue

Back

Maritime

Front

connected with sea in relation to sea faring commercial or military

Back

Assyrians

Front

known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire

Back

Minoans

Front

earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C.

Back

Aryans

Front

Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC and greatly affected Indian society. Established caste system in Indus valley

Back

National Seclusion Policy

Front

Stopped Japanese from traveling and foreigners visiting Japan

Back

Commerce

Front

social dealings between people

Back

Pictograms

Front

the earliest forms of writing in which pictures represent words or ideas

Back

Ideograms

Front

a writting method used by the Chinese that represent ideas and concepts rather than specific pronunciations

Back

Gilgamesh

Front

the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality/ a Sumerian legend

Back

Hoplite

Front

a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece; moved around in groups called phalanxes

Back

Oracle Bones

Front

one of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods

Back

Nationalism

Front

patriotic feeling principles or efforts over other countries

Back

Monotheism

Front

believes in one god

Back

Tribute System

Front

a payment made to a ruler of state

Back

Satrapy

Front

the twenty provinces that Darius divided the empire into; each province was ruled by a governor

Back

Pax Romana

Front

the roman peace, era of imperial comes creates authority

Back

Mauryan

Front

large scale political system

Back

Bushido

Front

code of honor and morals developed by japanese samurai

Back

Teotihuacan

Front

a powerful city-state in central Mexico (100 B.C.-750 A.D.). It's population was 150,000 in its peak in 600 CE; largest city in the Americas; remembered for giant Pyramid of the Sun

Back

Tokugawa shogunate

Front

strict and rigid government that ruled Japan until 1868

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

Treaty of Nanjing

Front

Unequal treaty with Britain and china

Back

Sino-Japan War

Front

War between China and Japan over Korea. Japan won easily with their navy, making Korea dependent on them.

Back

Russian serfdom

Front

Peasants forced to live on land as serfs and provide labor. Supported capitalism by creating raw materials.

Back

Ivan III

Front

Stopped paying tribute to Mongols, declaring Russia's independence from them.

Back

Heresy Movements

Front

Movement that was against the church and materialism in society. They were Christian, but wanted people to live simple lives. Some known as Waldensians.

Back

Wounded Knee

Front

Accidental shooting by Sioux caused US cavalry to shoot many native women, men, and children in South Dakota.

Back

Witch hunts

Front

People believed bad things happened bc of witches, so they began killing them. Most were poor, old, widowed women.

Back

Great Depression

Front

U.S stock market crag see in 1929

Back

Estates General

Front

Regime made of 3 estates (church officials, nobles, and everyone else) Each estate had one vote.

Back

Manifests destiny

Front

The idea that the United States would be a successful country and spread from Atlantic to Pacific

Back

Anti-Comintern Pact

Front

1936 forming the beginning of an alliance with Germany and Japan that would eventually lead to a more formal one during ww2

Back

Little Ice Age

Front

Temps went down all over the world. Agriculture decreased and led to famine and starvation.

Back

Bay of Pigs

Front

1961 Kennedy authorized a small force of Cuban exiles who were quickly captured and killed

Back

Conservative

Front

A person who believed society should change slowly. Edmund Burke believed you were obligated to not change your ancestor's ideas.

Back

Columbian Exchange

Front

Global spread of diseases, plants, food crops, animals, and human populations. Worst problem was disease.

Back

Mechanization

Front

Machines replaced people in the workplace

Back

Prince Henry

Front

Prince of Portugal who greatly influenced exploration. Created school of navigation and sponsored voyages down W African coast.

Back

Treaty of Tordesillas

Front

Established a longtitudinal line b/w Portugal and Spain

Back

Putting-Out System

Front

System made by entrepreneurs. Gave raw material to countryside homes, people at homes would finish it, they would get paid, and entrepreneurs would sell it.

Back

Isolationism

Front

Neutrality to focus on its own affairs

Back

Liberal

Front

A person who believed change was normal. Wanted to maintain best interests of society. Believe in equality of people.

Back

French Revolution

Front

3rd estate split and created National Assembly. Goals of "life, liberty, and fraternity". Got rid of feudal system, church's power, and created constitutional govt.

Back

Inquisition

Front

Mission to abolish Judaism, Islam, and heresy founded by Isabel and Ferdanand. Hung, burned, imprisoned, and forced many into silence.

Back

Chivalry

Front

Informal code of laws for a standard of ethics for nobles.

Back

John Calvin

Front

French lawyer who was a Protestant Christian. Made Protestant community with code of discipline and morality.

Back

Jesuits

Front

Members of society of Jesus. Well educated and good missionaries. Founded universities.

Back

Toussaint

Front

Led slaves in revolts in Haitian revolution. Built good army and made constitution with equality and citizenship for all residents

Back

Bastille

Front

Prison/royal jail in Paris that was stormed by the common people in France. The start of individual rights (their 4th of July)

Back

Troubadours

Front

Traveling poets, minstrels, and entertainers who aristocratic women supported.

Back

Nelson Mandela

Front

1950s in Africa, leader of the African National Congress, to abolish apartheid ( separation of races)

Back

Canadian Independence

Front

Independence from Britain came gradually. Created provinces and provinces were united in Dominion of Canada.

Back

United Nations

Front

1945 to replace failed League of Nations

Back

Omdurman

Front

Battle between British (with guns) and Muslims (without guns). Killed many Muslims and showed just how powerful the Europeans were.

Back

Capitalism

Front

Market driven economy; economy when private parties make goods available on a free market for profit. Business choices aren't made by government.

Back

Crystal Palace

Front

World fair building made of glass and metal where goods from all over were sold. Demonstrated industrial advances in society and excited people.

Back

Magellan

Front

First to circumnavigate the world.

Back

German Unification

Front

Political leaders wanted to bring German speaking people together. Prussian prime minister Bismarck created a strong army and had three wars that were easily won. Prussian king named himself emperor.

Back

Russo-Japan War

Front

War between Russia and Japan over Liaodong peninsula, Korea, and Manchuria. Japan won and became major imperial power.

Back

Quipu

Front

Memorization aid for record keeping used by Inca administrators.

Back

Guilds

Front

Group of people of a certain skill. Sets prices, quality standards, and worker requirements for their products. Live together in community and help eachother.

Back

Indian Removal Act

Front

Forced all Indians east of the Mississippi to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma

Back

Treaty of Brest-litovsk

Front

Ceceded a huge piece of western Russia to Germany, so Russia dropped out of wwI

Back

Henry VIII

Front

King of England who had conflict with pope over divorce. Removed England from Roman Catholic Church and created his own that he was the pope of.

Back

American Government

Front

New govt. formed by the constitution. Used enlightenment ideas and emphasized individual rights for white, property-owning men

Back

Eunuchs

Front

Bright, young boys who were recruited by govt. to work for them & not have kids that will threaten emperor.

Back

Nazi Soviet Pact

Front

1939 Stalin and hurler agreed that Germany would not invade Soviet Union

Back

Mexican American War

Front

War between US and Mexico over Texas after Texas declared independence from Mexico. US won and signed Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, buying Cali, Texas, and New Mexico for $15 million.

Back

Black Death

Front

Disease spread by flees that began in SW China and was spread by Mongols & trade. Caused a population decline for many centuries to come.

Back

Child Labor

Front

Kids worked long hours away from home and were beaten, etc., but parents kept sending them bc they needed the money. Laws were passed and school became child's priority.

Back

Abolition

Front

Slave trade ended, but it took longer to abolish slavery-eventually happened, but blacks were still not equal.

Back

Section 3

(50 cards)

Demography

Front

The branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations and changes in those populations.

Back

Semitic

Front

family of related languages long spoken across parts of western Asia and northern Africa, including Hebrew, Aramaic, and Phoenician

Back

Mohenjo-Daro

Front

largest of the cities of the Indus Valley civilization

Back

Scribe

Front

in the governments of many ancient societies, a professional position reserved for men who had undergone the lengthy training required to be able to read and write using cuneiforms, hieroglyphics, or other early, cumbersome writing systems

Back

Neo-Confucianism

Front

a philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism and Daoism changed the main teachings of Confucianism

Back

city-state

Front

a small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory

Back

Bubonic Plague

Front

a plague that comes from germ-carrying fleas; largely known for it's biggest outbreak called the Black Death during the Dark Ages killed over a third of the population as the Black Death

Back

Minoan

Front

prosperous civilization on the Aegan island of Crete in the 2nd millennium

Back

nobility

Front

A small social class of elite people and families who perform political, military, and administrative duties for a ruler or king. This class had immense power and social influence over the other classes.

Back

Great Circuit

Front

The network of Atlantic Ocean trade routes between Europe, Africa, and the Americas that underlay the Atlantic system.

Back

Liberalism

Front

stressed limited government; urged importance of constitutional role and parliaments

Back

Romanticism

Front

held that emotion and impression, not reason, were the keys to the mysteries of human experience and nature, sought to portray passions not calm reflection

Back

propaganda

Front

Information aimed at positively or negatively influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people. -Advertisements, speeches, commercials, TV shows, newspapers, and almost any type of media could be used to present propaganda. It may be unclear that what the viewer is seeing IS even propaganda.

Back

Indentured Servants

Front

People who are contracted to work for another person in order to get goods or passage

Back

chiefdom

Front

A system of government in which the leader relies on generosity, ritual status, or charisma rather than force to win obedience from the people

Back

Mulattoes

Front

A person of mixed black and white ancestry. This is also part of the Caste system.

Back

Luddites

Front

responded to the replacement of their labor by machines during the Industrial Revolution by attempting to destroy machines

Back

Benjamin Disraeli

Front

granted the vote to working class men in 1867

Back

cuneiform

Front

a system of writing in which wedge-shaped symbols represented words or syllables; originated in Mesopotamia

Back

Mesitzos

Front

Someone of mixed European and Native Descent. This term is specifically used when talking of the Caste system

Back

Mass Deportation

Front

the forcible removal and relocation of large numbers of people or entire populations, sometimes used to warn others the consequences of rebelling

Back

Janissaries

Front

Conscripted youths from conquered regions who were trained as ottoman infantry divisions

Back

Loess

Front

a fine, light silt deposited by wind and water

Back

Feudalism (Japan and Europe)

Front

a political and social system that developed during the middle ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service created a time of peace for a while.

Back

absolutism

Front

A form of government, usually (but not always) a hereditary monarchy, in which the ruler has no legal limits on his or her power.

Back

Socialism

Front

Wanted state controls of the means of production and an end to the capatilistic exploitation of the working class

Back

Indian Ocean trade

Front

a set of trade routes in the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea; connected India, Eastern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, China, and Indonesia created much cultural diffusion

Back

Population Revolution

Front

huge growth in population in western europe beginning in 1730

Back

pandemic

Front

An epidemic that is geographically widespread and affects a large proportion of the population in multiple regions.

Back

Shaykhs

Front

leaders of tribes and clans within bedouin society; usually possessed large herds, several wives, and many children.

Back

globalization

Front

Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope, usually propelled by economic transactions.

Back

Iron Age

Front

the period which iron was the primary metal for tools and weapons

Back

Foot-Binding

Front

practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household; smaller feet was considered pretty made a lot of women unable to walk

Back

Peloponnesian War

Front

a protracted and costly conflict between Athenian and Spartan alliance systems that convulsed most of the Greek world. Sparta won because of Athenian errors and Persian financial support

Back

prehistoric

Front

before written history

Back

Bedouin

Front

nomadic pastoralists of the Arabian peninsula with a culture based on herding camels and goats.

Back

Chavin

Front

the first major urban civilization in South America

Back

pharaoh

Front

the central figure in the ancient Egyptian state. Believed to be an earthly manifestation of the gods, he used his absolute power to maintain the safety and prosperity of Egypt

Back

Stone Age

Front

the historical period characterized by the production of tools from stone and other nonmetallic substances

Back

nomad

Front

A member of a group that has no permanent home, wandering from place to place in search of food and water or following animals or the seasons.

Back

imperialism

Front

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. Also, the act of building empire.

Back

Serf

Front

A peasant farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked. She or he cannot leave and live elsewhere. Generally refers to Middle Ages in Europe but didn't end until 19th Century in Russia.

Back

Feminist Movement

Front

sought legal and economic gains for women, equal access to jobs and higher education

Back

Hieroglyphics

Front

a system of writing in which pictorial symbols represented sounds, syllables, or concepts

Back

100 years war (1337-1453)

Front

series of campaigns over control of the throne of France, involving English and French royal families and French noble families united the French when they became victorious

Back

Code of Justinian

Front

compilation of the complex system of old Roman laws; became the system of laws for the Byzantine Empire introduced a new set of laws

Back

Sumerians

Front

the people who dominated southern Mesopotamia through th end of the third millennium

Back

Revisionism

Front

believed social success could be achieved gradually through political institutions

Back

neolithic

Front

10,000 - 8,000 BCE) The development of agriculture and the domestication of animals as a food source. This led to the development of permanent settlements and the start of civilization. The term "Neolithic" refers to the period after the adoption of agriculture.

Back

aristocracy

Front

A class of persons holding special rank and privileges, especially the hereditary nobility.

Back

Section 4

(50 cards)

Preponderance

Front

a superiority in numbers or amount

Back

extraterritoriality

Front

immunity from the jurisdiction of a nation, granted to foreign diplomatic officials, foreign warships, etc.

Back

Entrepreneurship

Front

process of identifying and starting a business venture

Back

amulet

Front

small charm meant to protect the bearer from evil

Back

patron/client relationship

Front

a fundamental, social relationship in which the patron provided legal and economic protection and assistance in return of the client's support of their economic interests

Back

disparity

Front

a lack of equality between people or things

Back

Bureaucracy

Front

system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials

Back

hinder

Front

to delay or prevent the development or progress of somebody or something

Back

Balance of Power

Front

Distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong (especially in Europe).

Back

Afro-Eurasia

Front

the largest landmass on earth. Consist of Africa and Europe and parts of Asia.

Back

atrocities

Front

cruel and inhumane acts that people commit against each other

Back

inclination

Front

a tendency to do, prefer, or desire something; a feeling that pushes somebody to make a particular choice or decision

Back

eradicate

Front

to destroy or get rid of something completely, so that it can never recur or return

Back

Encroach

Front

to intrude gradually or stealthily, often taking away somebody's authority, rights, or property

Back

Ascetic

Front

practices self denial as spiritual discipline

Back

schism

Front

A formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions

Back

Secular

Front

of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred

Back

Capitulations

Front

Agreements with European powers that gave European bankers and merchants unfair advantages in the Empire

Back

escalate

Front

to become or cause something to become greater or more serious or more intense

Back

agrarian

Front

concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land

Back

Appeasement

Front

Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict, as seen especially in Neville Chamberlain's deals with Adolf Hitler.

Back

Metallurgy

Front

the science and technology of metals

Back

geopolitical

Front

the relationships that exist between a country's politics and its geography, or the influences that geography has on political relations between countries

Back

embargo

Front

a government order restricting or prohibiting commerce, especially trade in a given commodity or with a particular nation; any official restraint or prohibition

Back

Lithography

Front

the process of printing from a plane surface (as a smooth stone or metal plate) on which the image to be printed is ink (called a lithograph)

Back

Annexation

Front

The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.

Back

papacy

Front

The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church, of which the pope is the head.

Back

Diffusion

Front

the spread of tools, practices, or other features from one culture to another

Back

grandoise

Front

pretentious, pompous, and imposing; excessively complicated or unrealistic

Back

enclosure movement

Front

a push to take land that had been owned by all members of a village or the public and change it to privately owned land, usually with some kind of border around it

Back

Roman Senate

Front

a council whose members were the heads of wealthy, landowning citizens; was originally an advisory body to the early kings in the era of the Roman Republic

Back

division of labor

Front

manufacturing method that breaks a job into many small, repetitive tasks. It helped increase the productivity of labor and lowered the cost of manufactured goods

Back

Epidemic

Front

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

Back

Piety

Front

devotion and reverence to God

Back

Proliferation

Front

a rapid increase in number (especially a rapid increase in the number of deadly weapons)

Back

collective security

Front

A system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all (seen in the UN).

Back

Satrap

Front

Official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius

Back

popular sovereignty

Front

people hold the final authority in all matters of government

Back

jurisdiction

Front

the authority to enforce laws or pronounce legal judgments

Back

Egalitarian

Front

a person who believes in the equality of all people

Back

immunity

Front

exemption or protection from something unpleasant, e.g. a duty or penalty, to which others are subject

Back

haven

Front

a place sought for rest, shelter, or protection

Back

reconquest

Front

the 500-year struggle by Spanish Christian kingdoms to recover Spain from the Muslims (late 1000s)

Back

positivism

Front

philosophy developed by Saint-Simon that states that social and economic problems could be solved by the application of the scientific method

Back

Equitable

Front

characterized by justice or fairness and impartiality toward those involved

Back

Capricious

Front

tending to change one's mind suddenly

Back

Inoculation

Front

injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help him or her build up defenses to a disease

Back

Herodotus

Front

the ancient Greek known as the father of history

Back

reform

Front

the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.

Back

Sovereignty

Front

government free from external control

Back