Section 1

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judicial review

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (31)

Section 1

(31 cards)

judicial review

Front

the power to decide if laws are constitutional or not; established with the court case of Marbury v. Madison in 1804

Back

Requirements to be President of the U.S.

Front

must be 35 yrs old, a natural-born citizen, lived in the U.S. for at least 14 yrs.

Back

responsibilities of citizens

Front

support & defend the Constitution, vote, pay taxes, obey laws, serve on a jury if called, defend the country if need be, respect the rights of others

Back

Virginia Plan

Front

Part of Constitutional Convention; wanted representation based on population with a bicameral house of representation

Back

House of Representatives

Front

lower house of Congress; based on population, but equals 435 people; led by the Speaker of the House which is usually chosen from the majority party

Back

Congress

Front

legislative branch; House of Representatives and Senate

Back

Senate

Front

upper house of Congress; 2 senators elected per state for a total of 100 people; led by the vice president

Back

2 basic ways to become a citizen of the U.S.

Front

by birth - born in the United States or on soil considered to be part of the U.S., like a military base ; by blood - born to 1 or both parents who are citizens of the United States; if one parent, that parent has to have lived at least 5 yrs in the U.S. and two of those years have to be after the age of 14 yrs old.

Back

New Jersey Plan

Front

Part of the Constitutional Convention; New Jersey plan wanted representation to be based on 1 person per state.

Back

Requirements for Senators

Front

30+ yrs old, U.S. citizen at least 9 yrs, resident of the state representing at time of election

Back

U.S. Supreme Court

Front

judicial branch; consists of the federal court system; 9 justices - 1 Chief Justice and 8 associate justices

Back

two-party system

Front

Democrats and Republicans are the two main parties of the U.S.

Back

Member of the House of Representatives

Front

serves a 2 year term

Back

President

Front

Executive branch; 4 year terms with a limit of 2 terms due to the 22 Amendment

Back

Bill of Rights

Front

first 10 amendments to the Constitution; covers personal rights and responsibilities

Back

Articles of Confederation

Front

1st government of the U.S.; failed due to weak central government

Back

3/5 Compromise

Front

part of the Constitutional Convention to determine representation and taxation of slaves; South wanted to count slaves as population for more representation; North wanted South to pay tax on slaves as they were considered property; Agreed that 3 of 5 slaves would be counted for population and taxes would be paid on 3 of every 5 slaves.

Back

separation of powers

Front

the separation of government into 3 equal branches - executive, legislative, and judicial

Back

Shays's Rebellion 1786

Front

caused leaders in the country to realize the Articles of Confederation was too weak and needed to be changed

Back

Executive Branch

Front

carries out the laws; consists of president, vice president, and cabinet

Back

Legislative Branch

Front

makes the laws; consists of both houses of Congress

Back

6 principles of government

Front

popular sovereignty, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, limited government, judicial review

Back

impeachment

Front

being brought up on charges in the House of Representatives with a trial for guilt or innocence in the Senate

Back

bicameral

Front

two houses

Back

Judicial Branch

Front

makes sure all laws and the manner in which they are carried out are constitutional; consists of 9 justices

Back

voting

Front

the best way to bring about change

Back

Requirements for House of Representatives

Front

25+ yrs old, U.S. citizen for at least 7 yrs, a resident of state representing at time of election

Back

Senator

Front

serves a 6 year term

Back

checks and balances

Front

prevents any one branch from becoming too powerful by allowing each branch to limit the power of the other two.

Back

3 branches of governmen

Front

legislative, executive and judicial

Back

president pro tempore

Front

the senator in charge of the Senate when the vice president is absent.

Back