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parietal pericardium

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (109)

Section 1

(50 cards)

parietal pericardium

Front

lines the heart (outside of pericardial cavity)

Back

Arteries

Front

carry blood away from the heart, thicker with more resistance

Back

right side

Front

Side that pumps blood into the pulmonary arteries

Back

pulmonary semilunar valve

Front

valve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery; prevent back flow into the ventricles

Back

left atrioventricular valve

Front

aka mitral or bicuspid valve; Blood leaving the left atrium flows into the left ventricle through this valve; most commonly replaced due to more pressure on left side of the heart

Back

Atria

Front

Back

ventricles

Front

These discharge blood into vessels to leave the heart.

Back

veins

Front

return blood to the heart, thinner with less resistance

Back

atria

Front

receiving chambers of heart; receive blood

Back

pericardial cavity

Front

surrounds the heart.

Back

Heart base

Front

Back

pulmonary circuit

Front

carries oxygen-poor (deoxygenated) blood from the heart to the lungs and back. Right side of heart. Low pressure circulation.

Back

P wave

Front

atrial depolarization (activation before atrial contraction)

Back

QRS complex

Front

ventricular depolarization; moment before ventricles contract; atrial repolarization (overshadowed by Vent. activity)

Back

left side

Front

Side that receives blood from pulmonary veins; left ventricle has more thicker myocardium b/c it pumps blood to more parts of the body

Back

Four chambers of the heart

Front

the right atrium and right ventricle, left atrium and left ventricle.

Back

pulmonary trunk

Front

Blood leaving the right ventricle enters this after passing through the pulmonary valve.

Back

coronary arteries

Front

originate at the base of the ascending aorta, and each gives rise to two branches; deliver oxygenated blood to cardiac muscle cells (myocardial wall)

Back

Right Coronary Artery

Front

courses to the right side of the heart; delivers oxygenated blood to the right myocardial wall

Back

left and right pulmonary arteries

Front

These branch from the pulmonary trunk and carry deoxygenated blood to the lung capillaries

Back

Endocardium

Front

Back

pericardial sac

Front

surrounds the heart and helps prevent overfilling.

Back

pericardial fluid

Front

small amount of lubricating fluid in heart.

Back

superior & inferior vena cava

Front

The right atrium receives blood from the systemic circuit through these two great veins

Back

Intercalated Discs

Front

electrical conductors; ensure the electrical impulse causing contraction flows easily through the heart. This allows action potential to spread from cell to cell rhythmically.

Back

myocardium

Front

the muscular wall of the heart; cardiomyocytes.

Back

Right atrioventricular valve

Front

tricuspid valve; blood leaving the right atrium flows into right ventricle through this valve

Back

visceral pericardium (epicardium)

Front

covers the heart's outer surface (ON the surface)

Back

Posterior interventricular sulcus

Front

Back

Epicardium

Front

Back

Capillaries

Front

tiny vessels between the smallest arteries and veins.

Back

Coronary Sinus

Front

enlarged vessel on the posterior aspect of the heart that empties deoxygenated blood into the right atrium

Back

Anterior interventricular sulcus

Front

Back

Auricle

Front

Back

left coronary artery

Front

one of two arteries from the aorta that nourish the heart; runs from left side of heart then divides into smaller branches

Back

heart sounds

Front

the closure of valves and rushing of blood through the heart cause characteristic "Lub Dub" sounds that can be heard during auscultation.

Back

interventricular septum

Front

A thick wall that separates the right and left ventricles; walls of ventricles

Back

AV valve (Atrioventricular)

Front

valve which allows blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles

Back

Apex

Front

Back

descending aorta

Front

the descending part of the aorta that branches into the thoracic and abdominal aortae

Back

Papillary Muscle

Front

Small bunches of cardiac muscle responsible for pulling the atrioventricular valves (tricuspid & mitral) closed by means of the chord tendineae.

Back

endocardium

Front

the epithelium covering the inner surfaces of the heart including the valves.

Back

Systemic Circuit

Front

carries oxygen-rich (oxygenated) blood returning from the lungs and back to the body tissues to supply oxygen. Left side of the heart. High pressure circulation.

Back

aortic (semilunar) valve

Front

where blood leaving the left ventricle passes through and into the systemic circuit via the ascending aorta; prevents back flow in the ventricle.

Back

left and right pulmonary veins

Front

deliver oxygenated blood to the left atrium

Back

ascending aorta

Front

Branches off the left ventricle; carries oxygen rich blood to parts of the body above the heart

Back

Coronary sulcus

Front

Back

T wave

Front

ventricular repolarization

Back

Myocardium

Front

Back

Chordae Tendinae

Front

Fibers (heart strings) attatched to the tricuspid and mitral valve which pull it closed when papillary muscles contract, preventing back flow of blood

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

Qt interval

Front

Back

Pulmonary trunk

Front

Back

mitral valve

Front

Back

fossa ovalis

Front

Back

circumflex artery

Front

Back

Interventricular septum

Front

Back

ascending aorta

Front

Back

Semilunar valves

Front

Back

Atrioventricular valves

Front

Back

right coronary artery

Front

Back

right atrium

Front

Back

left subclavian artery

Front

Back

Superior vena cava

Front

Back

St segment

Front

Back

Chordae tendineae

Front

Back

brachiocephalic trunk

Front

Back

Coronary sinus

Front

Back

superior vena cava

Front

Back

Pr/pq interval

Front

Back

left atrium

Front

Back

Right coronary artery

Front

Back

great cardiac vein

Front

Back

left pulmonary artery

Front

Back

right ventricle

Front

Back

Aorta

Front

Back

Tricuspid valve

Front

Back

opening of coronary sinus

Front

Back

ligamentum arteriosum

Front

Back

Bicuspid valve

Front

Back

Pr/pq segment

Front

Back

tricuspid valve

Front

Back

left ventricle

Front

Back

left atrium

Front

Back

left brachiocephalic vein

Front

Back

left anterior descending artery

Front

Back

Ventricles

Front

Back

Papillary muscles

Front

Back

left common carotid artery

Front

Back

Pulmonary veins

Front

Back

Left coronary artery

Front

Back

right brachiocephalic vein

Front

Back

Cardiac veins

Front

Back

thoracic aorta

Front

Back

Pulmonary semilunar valve

Front

Back

aortic arch

Front

Back

left coronary artery

Front

Back

Aortic semilunar valve

Front

Back

right pulmonary vein

Front

Back

right pulmonary artery

Front

Back

left pulmonary vein

Front

Back

Section 3

(9 cards)

coronary sinus

Front

Back

pulmonary trunk

Front

Back

small cardiac vein

Front

Back

posterior interventricular artery

Front

Back

aortic valve

Front

Back

middle cardiac vein

Front

Back

pulmonary valve

Front

Back

papillary muscle

Front

Back

chordae tendinae

Front

Back