AP Human Geography Population

AP Human Geography Population

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Section 1

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Agricultural Density

Front

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Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (40)

Section 1

(40 cards)

Agricultural Density

Front

The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.

Back

Sex ratio

Front

the ratio of men to women

Back

Major Population Clusters -- Europe

Front

600 million people: 50 countries mostly clustered in Western Europe in Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, and France

Back

Infant Mortality Rate

Front

The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old per 1000 live births in a society

Back

Population Pyramid

Front

A bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex

Back

Population Composition

Front

Structure of population in terms of age, sex and other properties such as marital status and education

Back

Demographic Transition

Front

the process of change in a society's population as a combination of medical advances and economic development, affecting a population's desire and ability to control its own birth and death rates

Back

Standard of living

Front

Goods and services and their distribution within a population

Back

Medical Revolution

Front

medical technology from Europe and North America that was used to eliminate many diseases in the developing world

Back

Major Population Clusters -- East Asia

Front

1/4 global population: East China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan

Back

Life Expectancy

Front

The average number of years an individual can be expected to live given current social, medical, and economic conditions.

Back

Demography

Front

the scientific study of population characteristics

Back

Natural Increase Rate (NIR)

Front

The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate (NIR=CBR-CDR)

Back

Dependency ratio

Front

the number of people under 15 and over 64 compared to the number of people in the workforce

Back

Sustainability

Front

the level of development that can be maintained without depleting resources

Back

Doubling Time

Front

the number of years it takes for an area's population to double

Back

arithmetic density

Front

The total number of people divided by the total land area

Back

Census

Front

A complete enumeration of a population

Back

Epidemiological transition

Front

The a distinctive cause of death in each stage of the demographic transition. Explains how countries' population change.

Back

Population Distribution

Front

Description of locations on Earth's surface where populations live

Back

Pandemic

Front

Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.

Back

Population Density

Front

A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land

Back

Epidemiology

Front

The branch of medical science that is concerned with identifying, fighting, and preventing disease.

Back

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

Front

The number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in a society

Back

Megalopolis

Front

Term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world.

Back

agricultural revolution

Front

the development of farming

Back

Major Population Clusters -- South Asia

Front

1/4 of global population: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka

Back

Dr. John Snow

Front

(1813-1858) English physician who used hand-drawn data layering on maps of London to identify and treat a cholera epidemic

Back

Thomas Malthus

Front

(1766-1834) An English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in food production, which would lead to widespread famine and disease.

Back

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

Front

The average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years.

Back

Sterilization

Front

any process that eliminates a person's ability to produce children

Back

Ecumene

Front

the portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement

Back

Crude Death Rate (CDR)

Front

The number of deaths in a year per 1,000 people alive in a society

Back

Zero population growth (ZPG)

Front

A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.

Back

Major Population Clusters -- Southeast Asia

Front

600 million people: Indonesia, Philippines, and the river deltas of the Indochina peninsula

Back

Physiological Density

Front

The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture

Back

Industrial Revolution

Front

a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods and drastically altered society

Back

Overpopulation

Front

a situation in which the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living

Back

One Child Policy

Front

Chinese policy used to control population growth which began in the 1980's and restricted families to having only one child.

Back

Family Planning

Front

The practice of controlling the number and frequency of children conceived usually through the use of contraception or voluntary sterilization.

Back