Section 1

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communism

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (92)

Section 1

(50 cards)

communism

Front

was a more violent form of socialism at one point communism was very popular.

Back

connecticut compromise or great compromise

Front

everyone gets two votes in senate of Representative-determined by population get more number of seats

Back

Demographics

Front

income level education level, avg age americans. As this changes peoples viewpoints change.

Back

Second continental congress

Front

declaration of independence was signed and when all the colonies showed up. Revolutionary war started 2nd continental congress.

Back

the bill of rights

Front

written protection that gives rights first ten amendments to the constitution. First ten amendements they cover everything from freedom of speech to states rights. First time a government did this.

Back

what are the three terms that supplement direct democracy and explain them.

Front

referendum- A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment. initiative-An electoral device whereby legislative or constitutional measures are referred by the legislature to the voters for approval or disapproval. recall-allows the people to vote to remove an official from state office.

Back

Ethnic change

Front

Example: california minority groups

Back

Libertarianism

Front

laissez-faire favor meaning hands off. not getting involved in economies. For example: allowing prostitution b/c you are not harming anybody however aborption is harder b/c if life begins at conception that life would be saved .

Back

oligarchy

Front

rule by the few to corrupt and self-serving purposes.

Back

Authoritarian

Front

one person; A type of regime in which only the government is fully controlled by the ruler. Social and economic institutions exist that are not under the government's control

Back

Articles of Confederation

Front

Accomplishments: established first governing body in the U.S. Weaknesses: National government didn't have the right to draft to the army. It couldn't force states to follow treaties. No regulation of interstate commerce had no ability to standardize money. different states used different kinds of currency.

Back

direct democracy

Front

A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives; probably attained most easily in small political communities

Back

federalists

Front

in favor of the government

Back

pluralism

Front

competion between organized groups people pick which group they want.

Back

First continental congress

Front

the first time the U.S colonies came together.

Back

first Amendement

Front

garauntees freedom of speech, religon, press, petition, and assembly. this is 6 protections because religon has two protections bc you are allowed to practice any religon.

Back

democracy

Front

political power is in the people's hands.

Back

majoritarism

Front

the viewpoint that majority tends to win.

Back

Elitism

Front

elite group that controls power.

Back

conservative

Front

favors traditional values. involves more government control.

Back

anarchy

Front

no government at all. Each individual or family in a society decides for itself how it will behave, and there is no institution with the authority to keep order in any way.

Back

socialism

Front

government or employee ownent of industry. comes with an extreme distrust of the wealthy. bad bc with socialism became associated with communism.

Back

three-fifths compromise

Front

the slaves wanted to vote but north said no, but with compromise for every five slaves there would only be three that would count.

Back

aristocracy

Front

Rule by the "best"; in reality, rule by an upper class.

Back

pluralism

Front

A theory that views politics as a conflict among interest groups. Political decision making is characterized by bargaining and compromise

Back

environmental changes

Front

man's ability to change worlds environment. the number one environment man made change is air conditioning.

Back

fasionism

Front

example v for vendetta, one guy has control over everything.

Back

why is the government necessary?

Front

security- without government there would be nothing to stop people from killing one another. liberty- the government also protects your freedom. authority and legitamacy- allows an unbiased third party for example when you are in a wreck a judge will decide who is at fault based on the facts

Back

The mayflower

Front

The pilgrims protestant christen denomination differing from cathlosim. Pilgrims aimed for jamestown got lost and ended up at plymouth for jamestown.

Back

elite theory

Front

A perspective holding that society is ruled by a small number of people who exercise power to further their self-interest.

Back

jamestown

Front

The first one that lasted. Was created to make money from tabacco.

Back

The fourth amendment

Front

someone can touch your car or put a flyer on it however you damage the vehicle in anyway.

Back

dominant culture

Front

The values, customs, and language established by the group or groups that traditionally have controlled politics and government in a society

Back

ideaology

Front

not a political affliation two dominant ideology: conservative and liberal

Back

shay's rebellion

Front

farmer that fought in the revolutionary war. The gov gave them IOU's b/c the gov couldn't afford to pay. William Shay was one of these people. August of 1786 and last for 6 months was how long the rebellion was.

Back

legislature

Front

A governmental body primarily responsible for the making of laws. aka congress

Back

politics

Front

The process of resolving conflicts and deciding "who gets what, when, and how." More specifically, politics is the struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can grant or withhold benefits or privileges.

Back

radical islam

Front

is an idea that is a closely link idea of how the world should work.

Back

how can we participate in the government?

Front

voting, by giving money, by publically supporting, get involved in a campaign

Back

fourth assembly

Front

right to feel secure in their own home, must have a warrant to enter the home. The only thing that you dont have a right to is a college education. You do not have a right to operate a car. and you do not have the right to refuse a cop to step out of car.

Back

checks and balances

Front

seperation of powers between the house and the senate so that the president does not have full power. A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the government can check the actions of the others.

Back

political socialization

Front

The process by which people acquire political beliefs and attitudes

Back

tolitarian

Front

one person power is a political system where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life. Power over economie, government and culture.

Back

when was the constitution ratified?

Front

september 17, 1787

Back

anti- federalist

Front

not in favor of the government

Back

liberal

Front

likes government supports economic equality more supportive of civil rights. More in favor of gov changing social change.

Back

what are three implied powers of congress

Front

1. executive privledge 2. judicial review= void laws wriiten by laws 3, interpretation over time

Back

fifth amendment

Front

protects you from double jeopardy, however it only protect you fromone court. - cant be compelled to be a wittness against yourself. Meaning the government cannot force you to admit something wrong, however you cannot lie because that is called pergury. -property must be compensated for public use

Back

political culture

Front

The collection of beliefs and attitudes toward government and the political process held by a community or nation.

Back

globalization

Front

...

Back

Section 2

(42 cards)

divisive opinion

Front

split about 50/50 for example abortion is a divisive opinion

Back

block grant

Front

given to general state fed gov says heres to ten million dollars for education which is general and so it could go to football, prom, stadium...

Back

what political event changed our interpretation of terrorism as an example of political socialization?

Front

9/11

Back

articles of confederation

Front

first attempt by the u.s to start a government but was eventually replaced by the constitution, and were adopted by the second continental congress. gave too much power to the states and not enough to the federal government.

Back

constitution

Front

-ratified in september 17, 1787. -The compromise of the constitution was that there would be many branches of government and the AOC would be gone.

Back

pluralism

Front

Pluralism believes power should be diffused amongst the many and should not be place in the hands of any central authority. Pluralists believe the best decisions, or legislation, is the result of a struggle between a number of different view points, or conceptual positions. Pluralism is pragmatic but democratic

Back

lobbyists

Front

attempt to influence an administration to influence policy hired by interest groups. (if arguing in favor for someone you are "lobbying" for someone"

Back

leading question

Front

a question that can be manipulated into something else. Ex: gay rights and asking so many questions leading upto gay rights that you've answered so many questions already.

Back

necessry proper clause

Front

congress has the ability to do anything necessary and proper according to the clause.

Back

how do polls trust political governmnet?

Front

how do you express trust in the government? through survey questions.EX: watergate scandal showed a very low level of trust.

Back

how are public opinions measured?

Front

through polls

Back

dual federalism

Front

system when national and state government is equal. the two never interact.

Back

gender gap

Front

The difference between the percentage of women who vote for a particular candidate and the percentage of men who vote for the candidate.

Back

what are the five main points in the government?

Front

-popular soverienty -limited government -federal system -seperation of powers with checks and balances in contrast with brittish parliament -republican government

Back

agenda setting

Front

determing what public policy questions will be debated or considered.

Back

political socialization

Front

Political socialization is the process by which political culture is transmitted in a given society. It occurs at both the individual and community level, and it extends beyond the acquisition of political culture to encompass the learning of more sophisticated political ideas and orientations. Political socialization is a life long process and a variety of individuals and institutions contribute to its shaping effect. For example, individuals are politically socialized by such groups as their family, peers, and social class. Furthermore, they are socialized by existing laws, media, religion, education, their own gender, and more. Basically, the process is never ending and the factors which shape it are all encompassing

Back

what types of interest groups are there?

Front

economic, environmental, public interest, single issue and foreign governments.

Back

why does public opinion matter?

Front

Because in a democracy you gain power through the public opinion of citizens.

Back

what affects socialization?

Front

family, media, friends, political events, and eduation.

Back

federal system

Front

states that are independent of state or independent of central. the size of the united states is why we use the federal system

Back

when was the declaration of independence ratified?

Front

july 4 1776

Back

federal mandate

Front

states do not like because it forces states to comply with rules when there is no money involved. EX drinking age 21 and don't get highway money until drinking age was raised

Back

state polling

Front

getting a public opinion from a state. this is much harder bc the population is smaller and want to get the highest sample so it can be as accurate as possible.

Back

unitary governmenet

Front

a majority of power comes from central a majority of governments do this.

Back

who do politics effect your opinion?

Front

-party identification= if registered as a democrat you will most likely vote for a democrat. -candidates= effects your political opinion too

Back

cooperative federalism

Front

when national government bleads into state governmnet EX: when New deal happened and needed to make more jobs which affect the state governments

Back

sampling error

Front

what your poll is telling you and what the actual number is.

Back

interset groups

Front

have a great deal of influence on government. Organized group of individuals sharing common objects which actively attempt to influence a government. Example of an interest group Avian is a bird interest group.

Back

9th amendment

Front

just because you don't say, ''i have a right to privacy'' doesn't mean that you don't have it.

Back

tenth amendment

Front

power not given to the national government constitution spells out many powers however now in 2010 changed and applies to all states.

Back

electoral college

Front

A group of persons called electors selected by the voters in each state and the District of Columbia; this group officially elects the president and vice president of the United States. The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of each state's representatives in both chambers of Congress.

Back

what types of other things can affect politics?

Front

tv- Will and Grace showed people to be more accepting of gays sports- jakie robinson first black baseball player before civil war books- upton sinclair, "the jungle'' showed how the food industry was dirty

Back

nonopinions

Front

most people dont have a part in it.

Back

consensus

Front

General agreement among the citizenry on an issue.

Back

supremecy clause

Front

if the state and the national government are in conflict then the national governmnet is supreme. EX: McCoulough vs. Maryland

Back

in 1932 what did "Literary Digest" try and do?

Front

tried a poll that would measure the public opinion first year got fairly close to what the public thought but thw next year was completely wrong bc they were only getting rich peoples public opinion.

Back

aggregate?

Front

A whole formed by several different opinions. For example a public opinion

Back

confederate government

Front

tend to not stay together, no country today uses this system

Back

what are the two requriements of a public opinion?

Front

1. has to be made public 2. has to be on a public issue..aka who should be elected, or government issue

Back

catagorical grant

Front

money from federal gov to improve on something like a bridge.

Back

federalism

Front

a system of government in which the state is diveded into national, state, and local government

Back

maylower contract

Front

the pilgrims knew that wen they came to to a new colony they had to build a new government

Back