Section 1

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Reproduction

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (15)

Section 1

(15 cards)

Reproduction

Front

This is when an organism produces offspring. This is a characteristic of all life. There are two types of this: asexual and sexual.

Back

Metaphase

Front

The is between the prometaphase and anaphase. The chromosomes align in the middle of the cell. The nuclear membrane still has not reformed.

Back

Eukaryote

Front

This has multiple cells. These cells have a nucleus. These cells can also have organelles that perform different functions. These cells are found in plants and animals.

Back

Prometaphase

Front

This is between the prophase and metaphase, hence the name. The nuclear membrane breaks apart. Along with this, the spindle begins to interact with the duplicated chromosomes.

Back

Meiosis

Front

This type of cell division is a type of sexual reproduction. The nucleus divides and produces gametes. It is similar to mitosis.

Back

Cytokinesis

Front

The is the final stage of mitosis. This is when the parent cell splits into two daughter cells. Each cell has identical genetics to the parent cell unless a genetic mutation has taken place.

Back

Interphase

Front

This is the period before mitosis in the cell cycle. It is when the cell performs its necessary function in an organism. It is also when the cells duplicates its DNA. However, the chromosomes stay attached to each other.

Back

Anaphase

Front

This is between the metaphase and telophase in the cell cycle. It is when the duplicated chromosomes move to opposite sides of the cell. Each side has identical genetics.

Back

Telophase

Front

This is between the anaphase and cytokinesis. This is when nuclear membranes form around the sets of chromosomes. These will be the nuclei of the newly formed cells. The spindle begins to break apart as well.

Back

Chromosome

Front

This is a structure made of DNA. It is located in the nucleus of cells. It makes up the unique genetic code that makes every organism unique.

Back

Prophase

Front

This is when mitosis begins in the cell cycle. It is when the spindle forms in the cytoplasm. It is also when the chromosomes split.

Back

Gamete

Front

This is an cell that comes from meiosis. There are two types: sperm and egg. Both are required for sexual reproduction.

Back

Homeostasis

Front

This is a regulation of internal systems based on stimuli. Regardless of outside conditions, the organism will maintain internal stability. An example is how a human would sweat in high temperatures.

Back

Prokaryote

Front

This is a single-celled organism. These don't have a nucleus. These include Archaea and Bacteria.

Back

Mitosis

Front

This is a way that single-called organisms reproduce, as well as the way that cells divide. This produces two daughter cells. These cells have identical genetics.

Back