Geography Final: Key Terms

Geography Final: Key Terms

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Section 1

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Trans-Siberian Railroad

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (36)

Section 1

(36 cards)

Trans-Siberian Railroad

Front

a rail line in Russia that extends about 5,800 mies from Moscow to Vladivostok; the largest single rail line in the world

Back

Geysers

Front

a vent in Earth's surface that periodically ejects a column of hot water and steam.

Back

delta

Front

a landform at the mouth of a river created by sedimentary deposits

Back

OPEC

Front

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which is a union of oil producing countries that regulate the amount of oil each country is able to produce

Back

safari

Front

an overland journey to view African wildlife

Back

enclave

Front

a portion of territory within or surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct.

Back

Landlocked

Front

completely surrounded by land with no direct access to the ocean

Back

droughts

Front

periods when little rain falls and crops are damaged

Back

tsunamis

Front

a destructive and fast-moving wave

Back

Wadi

Front

a dry steambed

Back

demilitarized zone

Front

an empty buffer zone created to keep two countries from fighting

Back

urbanization

Front

the increase in the percentage of people who live in cities

Back

infrastructure

Front

the set of resources, like roads and factories, that a country needs to support economic activities

Back

basin

Front

a generally flat region surrounded by higher land such as mountains and plateaus

Back

savanna

Front

an area of tall grasses and scattered trees and shrubs

Back

navigable river

Front

a river that is deep and wide enough for ships to use

Back

Desertification

Front

the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation

Back

escarpment

Front

a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights.

Back

genocide

Front

the intent to systematically eliminate a cultural, ethnic, linguistic, national, racial or religious group

Back

Taiga

Front

a forest of mainly evergreen trees covering much of Russia

Back

North Atlantic Drift

Front

The North Atlantic Current is a powerful warm ocean current that continues the Gulf Stream northeast. West of Continental Europe, it splits into two major branches.

Back

Arable

Front

Suitable for growing crops

Back

subcontinent

Front

a large landmass that is smaller than a continent

Back

Embargo

Front

an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.

Back

Fjord

Front

a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion.

Back

Fossil Water

Front

groundwater that has remained sealed in an aquifer for a long period of time

Back

monsoons

Front

a seasonal wind that brings either dry or moist air

Back

fishery

Front

a place where lots of fish and other seafood can be caught

Back

free port

Front

a port open to all traders.

Back

oasis

Front

an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source.

Back

atoll

Front

a ring-shaped coral island that surrounds a lagoon

Back

Dryland Farming

Front

Farming that relies on rainfall instead of irrigation.

Back

Diaspora

Front

the scattering of the Jewish population outside of Israel

Back

imperialism

Front

a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

Back

ethnic cleansing

Front

the effort to remove all members of an ethnic group from a country or region

Back

archipelago

Front

a large group of islands

Back