Unsectioned

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Full Faith and Credit

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Jun 15, 2020

Cards (74)

Unsectioned

(74 cards)

Full Faith and Credit

Front

States must give F.F.C. to legal documents of other states

Back

Federalists papers

Front

Series of essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay published in 1787–1788 to convince people to amend the constitution

Back

Extradition

Front

The requirement for a state to return a fugitive to a state from where he or she fled.

Back

Dual Federalism

Front

The national and state governments have defined areas of authority

Back

Political Culture

Front

A patterned set of ways of thinking about how politics and governing ought to be carried out

Back

Government

Front

individuals in charge of running a state or region

Back

Mandate

Front

Requirements that direct states or local gov. to comply with federal rules under threat of penalty or as a condition of receipt of federal grants.

Back

Republic

Front

Power is vested in people and representatives, which are selected by popular vote

Back

Constitution

Front

Basic written set of principles and models of federal government in the US. Approved Sep. 17, 1787

Back

Concurrent Powers

Front

Powers shared by both the national government and the states.

Back

Internal Efficiency

Front

Confidence in own abilities to understand and influence politics

Back

Decentralization

Front

Loosening power of the national government to represent government

Back

Separation of Powers

Front

The legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government are in separate bodies.

Back

Political Ideology

Front

Set of views as to the as to the policies government should pursue

Back

Power

Front

The ability of one person to get another person to act on their intentions

Back

Intergovernmental Relations

Front

A department in a city that is accountable for coordinating and monitoring activities with the state, federal and other local governments, and public agencies.

Back

Legitimacy

Front

Political authority conferred by law, authority, public opinion, or constitution.

Back

Great compromise

Front

Providing the states with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.

Back

Representation

Front

Speaking or acting on behalf of someone or the state of being represented

Back

Democracy

Front

System in which people are said to rule, directly or indirectly

Back

Authority

Front

The right to use power

Back

Judicial Review

Front

The power of the courts to declare acts of the legislature and executive to be unconstitutional

Back

Formula Grant

Front

Grant awarded based on statistical criteria for specific types of work

Back

New Jersey plan

Front

Proposed to amend the Articles, enhanced national gov. power, each state still had 1 vote

Back

Categorical Grants

Front

Federal grants for specific purposes defined by federal law.

Back

Confederate System

Front

States or regional government retain ultimate authority

Back

Articles of Confederation

Front

First constitution of the U.S. (Drafted in 1777 and ratified in 1781)

Back

Minority rights

Front

Rights applied to various minority groups

Back

Grants–in–aid

Front

Amount of money given to local government, institution, or scholar

Back

Federalism

Front

Ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments

Back

Privileges and immunities

Front

Prevents a state from treating citizens of another state in discrimination manner. (Act IV, sec. Clause 1)

Back

Connecticut Compromise

Front

Providing the states with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.

Back

Shay's Rebellion

Front

1787 rebellion to fight foreclosures of forms as a result of high–interest rates and taxes.

Back

Public Policy

Front

Principle on which social laws are based

Back

Hyperpluralism

Front

A state in which many groups or factions are so strong that a government is unable to function

Back

Declaration of Independence

Front

Document written by Jefferson claiming independence from Britain

Back

Block Grants

Front

Grants of money from the federal government to states for broad programs

Back

External efficiency

Front

Belief that the system will respond to citizens (has changed a lot)

Back

Factions

Front

Groups of people who influence public policy in ways for the public good

Back

Policy Agenda

Front

A set of issues and policies laid out by ideological or political groups

Back

Policy Gridlock

Front

Situation in which there's difficulty passing laws (Gridlocked when the ratio between bills passed and the agenda of the legislature decreases)

Back

Political Efficiency

Front

Ability to effect government

Back

Limited Government

Front

Government that is limited by law

Back

Bicameral

Front

legislative body having two branches or chambers

Back

Enumerated powers

Front

Powers directly stated in the constitution

Back

Devine Right Theory

Front

Asserts that monarch derives his right to rule directly from god

Back

Pluralist theory

Front

Competition among all affected interests shapes public policy.

Back

Supremacy Clause

Front

Makes the constitution the supreme law of the land

Back

Federalists

Front

Supporters of the constitution. Supported a stronger central government

Back

Checks and Balances

Front

The power of the legislature, Executive, and Judicial to block some acts by the other two branches

Back

Social Contract Theory

Front

Societies exist through a mutual contract between individuals, and the state exists to serve the will of the people.

Back

Fiscal Federalism

Front

Using money to influence states

Back

Implied Powers

Front

Powers that are necessary for carrying out enumerated powers. (Necessary and proper)

Back

Consent of the governed

Front

Citizens agreed to be governed

Back

Revenue sharing

Front

A portion of federal tax revenues is shared with state and local governments.

Back

Amendment process

Front

Officially proposed by a two–thirds vote in both houses of Congress (or by two–thirds of all state legislatures), then it needs to be ratified by three–fourths of the state legislatures (Article 5, Section 1)

Back

Project Grants

Front

Awarded based on the merits of an application

Back

Majority Rule

Front

Greater number should exercise greater power

Back

Politics

Front

Process in which gov. leaders are selected and what policies they pursue

Back

Bill of Rights

Front

A list of rights and liberties for the American people. ( Freedom of speech, religion)

Back

Necessary and proper clause

Front

Congress can pass all laws that are N&P to carry out enumerated powers

Back

Devolution

Front

Effort to scale back responsibility (power) of the government and to shift it to the states

Back

Constitutional convention

Front

Meeting in 1787 to revise the Articles, but instead created a whole new government

Back

Anti–Federalists

Front

Delegates against the constitution. Didn't want supreme power in the government.

Back

Sovereignty

Front

Supreme political authority **A sovereign government is one that is legally and politically independent of any other gov.**

Back

Policymaking institutions

Front

Congress, the presidency, and the courts established by the Constitution to make policy.

Back

Cooperative Federalism

Front

Asserts the National Government is supreme over the states

Back

Natural Rights

Front

Unalienable rights (laws that can't be taken away: Liberty and speech)

Back

Linkage institutions

Front

A structure that connects the people to the government

Back

Elastic Clause

Front

Necessary and proper

Back

Elite and class theory

Front

Identifiable group of people who possess a disproportionate share of some political power.

Modern Society in two major classes, capitalists and workers

Back

Civic Duty

Front

Belief that one has the obligation to participate in civic and political affairs

Back

Reserved powers

Front

Powers granted to the state and people (10th amendment)

Back

Delegated power

Front

Powers that are granted to the national government

Back