Emotional Development from 1-3

Emotional Development from 1-3

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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signs of a healthy emotional relationship between parent and child

Front

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (49)

Section 1

(49 cards)

signs of a healthy emotional relationship between parent and child

Front

the child will: -seek approval and praise -turn to parents and caregivers for comfort and help -tells caregivers about significant events...share joy or sorrow -accepts limits and discipline without much resistance

Back

self concept

Front

how a child sees themselves......can be positive or negative

Back

sleep deprived

Front

lack of appropriate sleep that can affect a child's temperament and ability to do simple tasks during the day

Back

three year olds

Front

-generally happier than two year olds -more cooperative -considerate -more physically capable....less frustrated -more willing to take direction from others -modify behavior for praise and affection -fewer temper tantrums -like to talk...imaginary friends -respond when talked to -can be reasoned with and controlled by words

Back

individual differences

Front

-each child is unique and will develop in a special way -strong individual differences between ages 1-4 -experiences shape individual differences -individual differences result from the child's temperament...the way the child naturally responds to other people and events -an intense child will become more frustrated than an adaptable child -perceptive child...shows more empathy -understanding temperament helps when teaching a child how to control their emotions, dealing with negativism, tantrums, sibling rivalry and guiding a child to desirable behavior

Back

how to manage misbehavior

Front

-parents worry misbehavior will damage the child's self-concept -positive self-concept is based on achievements -praising children for doing something good helps self-esteem -ways to discourage negative behavior: -explore feelings *talk about characters in books and movies...ways to handle the problems they came across -acknowledge feelings *explain why bad behaviors...hitting, kicking, screaming...are not acceptable and give alternative ways to behave -give choices *offer choices that empower children...pick out clothes or shoes, what book they want to read

Back

how self-concept is formed

Front

-through their response to the actions, attitudes, and comments of others -parents have a strong influence on a child's self-concept -young children believe that what others say about them and the opinions of others influence how they behave -use the positives...if a child always hears the negatives they will begin to believe it...tone of voice and body language count -words and actions have a strong influence on children until they are old enough to judge for themselves...self-concept may have already been established :( -mastery of skills helps form self-concept -exploration is important

Back

anger

Front

child's way of reacting to frustration -by age three they are less violent and explosive -less likely to hit or kick -physical attacks give way to name calling, pouting, or scolding

Back

specific emotions

Front

-how children express emotions change as they grow -express openly until age of two or three -after three they learn socially acceptable ways to express emotions -emotions are: anger, fear, jealousy, love, affection, and empathy

Back

REM sleep

Front

a cycle of sleep, known as rapid eye movement, or light sleep....dreams occur during this cycle

Back

temper tantrums

Front

children release anger or frustration by screaming, crying, kicking, pounding, and sometimes holding their breath....starts around 18 months, can last until age 3 or 4

Back

two year olds

Front

-improved speech and motor skills....relieves frustration -they understand more -they can wait longer for needs to be met -express love and affection freely -seeks approval and praise -some emotional outbursts -easier to reason with -friendlier and less self centered

Back

two or three year old and anger

Front

-tantrum is directed at the object or person they are mad at -some toddlers become aggressive and hit....they have not learned how to control their feelings -a child can rest and the anger can be discussed after they are calm

Back

signs of a healthy emotional relationship between siblings

Front

-some fighting will occur...that's normal -mostly loving and caring toward one another -helpful toward siblings -if a child is constantly bitter toward a sibling, despite parents efforts to make it better, the child may need counseling -if dealt with early...can make a huge difference throughout life

Back

negativism and the desire for independence

Front

"no" is a way of the child deciding for themselves

Back

negativism and frustration

Front

toddlers want to do more than their bodies are able to accomplish...this results in a frustrated "no"

Back

sleep, emotions, and behavior

Front

-most sleep problems in children are normal -most kids experience them -parents should try to understand what causes them -fears can cause sleep problems -use a bedtime routine to help eliminate fears -separation anxiety can cause nightmares also -ask to talk about the nightmare to help overcome the fear -it may be tough for a child to fall back asleep after a nightmare -rocking or a lullaby may help...other routine thing -sleep problems may be caused by anything...tight pjs, ear infection, sickness -call doctor if necessary

Back

general emotional patterns

Front

children ages 1-3 go through negative and positive emotions...they have a tendency to alternate with one another

Back

fear

Front

-different fears at different ages -some fears are useful...help keep the child out of dangerous situations -parents sometimes communicate their fears to children...dogs

Back

cut down on sibling rivalry

Front

-love and appreciate each child for who they are -have one-on-one time with each child -don't compare the children -be sure children can take turns choosing family activities -no tattling to get the other in trouble -talk about jealousy and why not to be jealous

Back

two and one-half year olds

Front

-enters another difficult stage -learning new things....frustration -desires and abilities to comprehend tasks exceed their physical ability to preform....frustration -can't always be understood...frustration -immaturity and a need for independence clash -don't want to conform, they want to be independent -sensitive about being bossed, shown, helped, or directed -they are stubborn, demanding, and domineering -moods change rapidly -need consistency....routines -feeling of independence and dependency -require love and patience -need flexible limits rather than hard and fast rules

Back

ways to ensure a child gets adequate sleep

Front

-determine a child's best bedtime *if staying up beyond normal bedtime, they will get a "second wind" and have a hard time falling asleep -limit toys in the bed *it's bedtime, not playtime -establish a bedtime routine *pattern, pattern, pattern! -keep bedtime pleasant *talk, cuddle, read stories

Back

phobias

Front

-abnormal fears...more likely to develop in children who are shy or withdrawn -talk to a pediatrician

Back

jealousy

Front

-usually happens at 18 months to age 2 -reaches its peak at age 3 -becomes less intense as a child makes new friends and loosens their ties to home and parents -new babies in the family can cause an older sibling to become jealous...the attention is now on the baby -some toddlers react to a new baby by doing inappropriate things to get attention -fear of losing their parents love is what caused this behavior

Back

18 month old and anger

Front

their tantrum is not directed at anyone or anything, it just happens

Back

sibling rivalry

Front

competition between brother or sisters for parents' affection and attention

Back

NREM sleep

Front

a cycle of sleep, known as non-rapid eye movement, or deep sleep

Back

ways to help with separation anxiety

Front

-offer support and understanding -encourage child to talk about their fears and listen to them -can try to accept the fear and avoid confrontation with it -read books together...experience of fear -make unfamiliar situations more secure -teach how to control a frightening situation

Back

negativism

Front

doing the opposite of what others want

Back

needs vs. wants

Front

when an infant, needs and desires are met on demand....around age 18 months, caregivers teach the child that some desires will not be met immediately

Back

signs of sleep deprivation

Front

-if a child doesn't get enough sleep and has to be woke up in the morning, they have a tendency to be tired all day...trouble thinking, risk of hurting themselves while playing, cranky and hard to handle -sleep deprivation is more apparent when a child starts school...getting up on a regular schedule can be hard if they don't go to bed on time

Back

common causes of anger

Front

sick, tired, uncomfortable, hungry, frustrated, didn't get their way, anxious, insecure, overly critical parent, inconsistent parent, hasn't learned self-control yet

Back

negativism and the child's realization of being a separate person

Front

child welcomes power and independence, but still wants to be close to their caregiver

Back

three and one-half year olds

Front

-suddenly becomes very insecure -parents may feel the child is going backwards in emotional development -fears are common -emotional tension and insecurities show up in physical ways too....thumb sucking, nail biting, stumbling or stuttering -try to control their environment....issue demands

Back

empathy

Front

-the ability to understand how another person feels...happens between 12 and 18 months old -they begin to understand that their actions can hurt others...this is when empathy begins to develop -if a child sees another child upset, they will try to comfort them...empathy -caregivers help teach empathy...child apologizes...child takes a step to correct what they did wrong

Back

separation anxiety

Front

-fear of being away from parents, familiar caregivers, or their normal environment...can upset parents or caregivers -don't want the child to cry when they leave...parents feel guilty -children will grow out of this -being specific with the child on when the parent will return will help ease them -can give the child something that reminds them of the parent

Back

self-concept vs. self-esteem

Front

-self-concept...what you think you are like as a person -self-esteem...how highly you value yourself

Back

evaluating emotional adjustment

Front

-most important clue to if a child's emotional development is on the right track is the relationship they have with their parent or caregiver between ages 1-4

Back

positive guidance and encouraging talking

Front

help a child learn to use words to communicate how they feel....this helps you and the child understand what is wrong

Back

acceptable ways to handle anger

Front

-use words...express feelings with words -speak calmly...even if angry, speak calmly, don't scream -take deep breaths...Chloe! :)

Back

self-centered

Front

a child thinks about their own needs and wants

Back

love and affection

Front

-children learn to love between the ages of 1-3 -babies "love" those who satisfy their physical needs -older children expand affection to include siblings, pets, and people outside of their home -don't smother the child, love them strongly -let the child be independent, but make sure they know you are still there

Back

positive self concept

Front

-if a child sees themselves as good and capable they will have a positive self-concept if they see themselves as bad or incapable they will have a negative self-concept

Back

positive guidance and chioces

Front

having choices allows the child to control the situation....limit to two to three alternatives

Back

positive guidance and redirecting the child

Front

distract the child from the issue....wait until they are calm and try again

Back

importance of adequate sleep

Front

-essential for good physical and emotional health -if a child becomes sleep deprived they can be less alert, inattentive, or even hyperactive during the day -children need adequate sleep in order to develop and function properly -1-3 year olds need lots of sleep...12-14 hours -REM sleep and NREM sleep cycles each night -newborns have short sleep cycles and can go through an entire REM-NREM cycle in about an hour -4 month old babies sleep 6-8 hours at a time -6 months old...10-12 hours at a time

Back

the word "No"

Front

this negative word allows the child to feel some control

Back

young toddlers (18 months)

Front

often do the opposite of what is requested

Back

negativism and the child

Front

a battle between the parent and child....eliminate as many restrictions as possible

Back