AP Physics 2 Fundamentals

AP Physics 2 Fundamentals

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Section 1

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Cards (50)

Section 1

(50 cards)

parallel

Front

Voltage across resistors in ______ must be the same.

Back

it changes speed

Front

Why does light bend when it enters a new medium?

Back

Energy Linear momentum Angular momentum Charge

Front

These 4 quantities must ALWAYS be conserved:

Back

vector

Front

Vector or scalar? Electric Field

Back

change in flux (change area of loop, change magnetic field, or change angle between loop and field)

Front

This must happen in order to induce an EMF in a loop of wire. (Faraday's Law)

Back

ionization energy; energy required to free electron

Front

What is the meaning of the work function?

Back

f = ½ C

Front

The relationship between center of curvature and focal length:

Back

total internal reflection

Front

What happens if a ray strikes beyond the critical angle?

Back

weight of displaced fluid

Front

Buoyant force is dependent on:

Back

∆U=Q+W

Front

1st Law of Thermodynamics:

Back

increase energy of incident light

Front

In Photoelectric Effect, how to increase the energy of ejected electrons.

Back

F = IlB F = qvB

Front

Write two equations for Lorentz Force.

Back

parallel

Front

Voltage across capacitors in ______ must be the same.

Back

down

Front

Magnetic field points right, electron moves out of page. Direction of Lorentz Force?

Back

Front

Draw a mirror that can create a real image.

Back

adiabatic

Front

This is the only process where Δ in entropy = 0

Back

series

Front

Current through resistors in ______ must be the same.

Back

helium nucleus He⁴₂

Front

What is an alpha particle?

Back

increase separation decrease area

Front

What are two changes you could make to a pair of capacitor plates to decrease capacitance?

Back

length and cross-sectional area

Front

What two physical factors affect the resistivity of a wire?

Back

conduction: touching induction: not touching

Front

How is conduction different from induction?

Back

Induced magnetic field opposes the change in flux

Front

State Lenz's Law (about induced magnetic fields in a loop)

Back

P+ρgh+½ρv² = constant

Front

Write Bernoulli's Equation.

Back

left

Front

Uniform electric field points to the right. Which way does an electron move?

Back

towards

Front

Going from low to high index of refraction, light bends ______ the normal.

Back

probability of finding a particle

Front

What does a wavefunction tell you?

Back

the rays cross image is inverted (upside down)

Front

What are two ways to tell if an image is real?

Back

no heat added ∆Q=0

Front

What is an adiabatic process?

Back

scalar

Front

Vector or scalar? Electric Potential Energy

Back

Front

Sketch the Electric field between two oppositely charged plates.

Back

vector

Front

Vector or scalar? Electric Force

Back

Area under curve W = ∫P∆V

Front

How do you find work from a PV graph?

Back

charge of one electron 1.6×10⁻¹⁹C

Front

What is the smallest possible unit of charge?

Back

Front

Sketch a Boltzmann distribution that shows both a hot gas and a cool gas with equal # of molecules.

Back

increase volume

Front

How could you add heat to a gas but keep T constant?

Back

∆S ≥ 0; entropy increases

Front

2nd Law of Thermodynamics

Back

it gets smaller

Front

Particle speeds up; how does deBroglie wavelength change?

Back

series

Front

Charge stored on capacitors in ______ must be the same.

Back

one λ

Front

For a bright spot in a double slit interference pattern, what is the path difference for light from the slits?

Back

Av V/t

Front

Write two equations for flow rate of a liquid.

Back

Front

Sketch an isobaric line on a PV graph

Back

Front

Draw a lens that will always produce a virtual image

Back

scalar

Front

Vector or scalar? Electric Potential

Back

Front

Sketch an isovolumetric line on a PV graph

Back

perpendicular

Front

Electric field lines and equipotential lines are always oriented this way to each other.

Back

product of P×V

Front

How can you estimate temperature on a PV graph?

Back

spacing of lines

Front

When looking at electric field lines, this tells you the strength of the field.

Back

400 - 700 nm

Front

Range of visible light (in nm):

Back

How "spread out" energy is or Available microstates

Front

Entropy is a measure of:

Back

height of liquid

Front

The hydrostatic pressure at some point below the surface of a liquid depends on:

Back