AP Human Geography Chapter 12

AP Human Geography Chapter 12

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Section 1

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Urbanization

Front

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (21)

Section 1

(21 cards)

Urbanization

Front

An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.

Back

Central place theory

Front

A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.

Back

Primate city

Front

The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.

Back

business services

Front

Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services

Back

Market area (hinterland)

Front

the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the places goods and services

Back

Threshold

Front

The minimum number of people needed to support the service

Back

Nonbasic industries

Front

industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community

Back

central place

Front

a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area

Back

basic industries

Front

Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement

Back

Dispersed rural settlement

Front

A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.

Back

Range

Front

the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service

Back

Primate city rule

Front

A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.

Back

city-state

Front

A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland

Back

Service

Front

Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.

Back

Clustered rural settlement

Front

A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.

Back

Consumer services

Front

Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services

Back

Public services

Front

Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses

Back

Settlement

Front

A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.

Back

Economic base

Front

A community's collection of basic industries.

Back

Rank-size-rule

Front

A pattern of settlements within a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement

Back

Gravity model

Front

A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.

Back