numbers that tell how many times the base is used as a factor

Back

Place value

Front

The value of a digit is determined by its place in the number

Back

Representational stage

Front

During this second stage, the teacher transforms the concrete manipulative into symbolic form by drawing pictures of making tally marks.

Back

Commutative properties

Front

(order property) States that when adding or multiplying the order of addends or factors does not change the results 4+5 or 5+4 are the same

Back

Ratio

Front

Comparison of two numbers

Back

Division

Front

Opposite of multiplication. Determine how many times one quantity is in another. The answer in the quotient.

Back

Formative Assessment

Front

Assessment that takes place during the instruction in order to better adjust and arrange the instruction as needed

Back

Cardinal Numbers

Front

numbers used for simple counting 1,2,3,4

Back

Prime Number

Front

Numbers having only two factors..itself and 1
(2,3,5,7,1,29,53,71 are some)

Back

Fact Family

Front

a set of related addition,subtract or multiplication, division terms

Back

Invented strategies

Front

more meaningful to them than simply memorizing algorithms

Back

Problem solving strategies

Front

Find a Pattern
Act it out
Draw a picture
Guess,check,revise
Working backwards
Make a table
Try a simpler form of problem
Make a model

Back

skip counting

Front

counting by 2's, 3's exc.

Back

Distributive property

Front

Refers to the property of distributing one operation over another with the results staying the same

Back

real number

Front

any positive or negative number, including all fractions and decimals

Back

Multiple

Front

Skip count to find these

Back

Rubric

Front

An assessment tool that is particularly useful in assessing criteria that are complex and subjective, such as writing assignments, portfolios, and performance based..

Back

Addition

Front

process of combining values..the answer is the sum..the numbers are called addends

Back

Array

Front

Arrangement of symbols in rows and columns that shows a multiplication problem

Back

Doubles

Front

pairs of facts that are the same number, such as 5+5

Back

Least common Denominator

Front

Least common denominator of two or more fractions

Back

Inverse Operation

Front

opposite operation such as addition and subtraction or multiplication and division..undo each other

Back

Counting on

Front

to find a sum, the student starts with one number and counts higher

Back

One-to-one correspondence

Front

Each item or number is recognized as a specific name or number

Back

Equivalent Ratio

Front

show the same comparison (multiply or divide the numerator and denominator by the same number..

Back

Abstract stage

Front

During the third stage, the teacher models how to complete the task using only numbers and mathematical symbols.

Back

Counting back

Front

subtraction..to find the difference, the student starts at the larger number and counts backwards

Back

Prime factorization

Front

Only the product of prime numbers. Use a factor tree.

Back

Multiplication

Front

repeated addition..the numbers that are multiplied are called factors

Back

Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
Greatest Common Divisor (GCD)

Front

The largest number that is a factor of two or more numbers..The largest factor shared
Factors of 16: 1,2,4,8,16
Factors or 24: 1,2,3,4,6,8,12,24
The GCF is 8

Back

Authentic Assessment

Front

This includes portfolios, and student interviews

Back

Greater than/Less than symbols

Front

The arrow points to the lesser number

Back

Concrete stage

Front

The first stage where the teacher introduces and models the concept by using concrete tools, or manipulative.

Back

Least Common Multiple

Front

The smallest number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. List multiples until you find the lowest number shared.

Back

Irrational Numbers

Front

Number that cannot be written as a ratio

Back

Part-Whole concept

Front

The idea that a number can be interpreted as a whole of two parts..5 is the whole, 4 and 1 are the parts

Back

Assessment

Front

Gathering of information for decision-making for more effective teaching

Back

subtraction

Front

opposite of addition and called diffrence

Back

Expanded Notation

Front

writing a number in terms of its digits 123= 100+20+3

Back

Rational Number

Front

Any number that can be written as the ratio of two numbers

Back

Algorithm

Front

procedure,efficient method, or rule that breaks computation into small steps

Back

Associative property

Front

(grouping property) States that when adding or multiplying, the grouping of addends or factors does not affect the results 2+(5+3)=(2+5) +3

Back

Decimals

Front

The numbers to the right of the decimal show a number less than one

Back

Periods

Front

group of three numbers in a large number

Back

Fractions

Front

Names a part of a whole numerator/denominator

Back

Ordinal Numbers

Front

numbers indicating the place in sequence

Back

Problem solving approach

Front

This is a process that is the primary goal of math instruction. Students preform this by using a real world problem that requires them to work through steps to determine the answer. Time should be allowed for student to try out many solutions. discussion should take place about the students thinking.
1) Read and understand the problem (restate)
2)Make a plan (strategy )
3)carry out the plan (work)
4) Look back to assure that it makes sense (reflect)

Back

Summative Assessment

Front

Assessments given at the end of a unit of study..effective for generalizing the effectiveness of a curriculum

Back

Composite Number

Front

Numbers with factors other than the number 1 and itself

Back

Integers

Front

Whole numbers..not fractions or decimals

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

Expression

Front

The part of a number sentence that only contains numbers, operations, and occasionally variables

Back

Angle

Front

formed by two rays that meet at the same endpoint

Back

Acute Angle

Front

an angle with less than 90 degrees

Back

Cross Products

Front

numerator of each ratio is multiplied by the denominator of the ratio (used to solve proportions)

Back

Proportions

Front

an equation that shows two ratios are equivalent

Back

Open figure

Front

Shape that does not begin and end at the same point

Back

Trapezoids

Front

Quadrilaterals with one pair of parallel lines

Back

Strait angle

Front

exactly 180 degree

Back

Area

Front

The amount of surface a figure covers

Back

Polygon

Front

closed figure with strait sides

Back

Pythagorean theorem

Front

Back

Ray

Front

part of a line that has one end point

Back

three Dimensional figures

Front

such as cubes can be measured in three directions length, width, and height

Back

Equation

Front

A number sentence that contains an equal sign between two expressions

Back

Temperature

Front

212 degrees Fahrenheit water boils, 32 degrees Fahrenheit freezes

Back

wight

Front

16oz=pound, 2000pounds=ton,

Back

Rhombuses

Front

parallelograms with 2 sets of parallel lines with all sets the same length.

Back

pentagons

Front

5 sides and 5 angles

Back

Parallelogram

Front

Quadrilaterals with two sets of parallel lines

Back

Volume

Front

The number of cubic units an abject contains

Back

Quadrilaterals

Front

4 sides and 4 angles

Back

Variable

Front

A symbol that represents a number, such as Y

Back

Origin

Front

The point of intersection of the x and y axis (Where they meet)

Back

percent

Front

a ratio that compares a number to 100

Back

Octagons

Front

Polygons with 8 sides and 8 angles

Back

y-axis

Front

vertical

Back

Line

Front

A straight path that goes in both directions..One dimensional

polygons as faces, no curved surfaces, only one base, named for the shape of the base

Back

closed figure

Front

shape that begins and ends at the same point..has an inside and outside

Back

Prisms

Front

Only polygons as faces, no curved surfaces, at least one pair of parallel bases

Back

Inequalities

Front

A math sentence formed when an inequality symbol is used instead of an equals sign

Back

Line segment

Front

part of a line with two end points

Back

Right angle

Front

an angle with a measure of exactly 90 degrees

Back

Obtuse Angle

Front

more than 90 degree angle

Back

Hexagons

Front

Polygons with 6 sides and 6 angles

Back

cylinders, spheres, cones

Front

Solid figures with curved surfaces instead of flat surfaces

Back

Relations

Front

A set of ordered pairs (x,y)(x,y)

Back

symmetry

Front

An object that can be folded along a line and match exactly

Back

Two Dimensional figures

Front

such as squares can be measured in two directions length and width

Back

Nonlinear vs. linear

Front

Non-strait vs. strait

Back

Perimeter

Front

The distance around the outside of an object

Back

Likelihood

Front

Not all events are equally likely to happen

Back

x-axis

Front

horizontal

Back

Plane

Front

set of points that make up a flat surface that has length and width but not depth 2D

Back

Point

Front

This has no length or width. It only signifies a position in space.

Back

Ordered pairs

Front

A pair of numbers that gives the location of a point

Back

Dimension

Front

A measure in one direction

Back

Circumference

Front

The distance around a circle

Back

Section 3

(15 cards)

Mode

Front

the number that occurs MOST often

Back

Bar Graph/histogram

Front

compare facts about groups..horizontally or vertically. Parts include title, equally spaced bars, number scale at the side or bottom, and labels fro the side and bottom

Back

Line plot

Front

shows data on a number line with an x or other make to show frequency

Back

Median

Front

Middle number when ordered from smallest to largest

Back

pictograph

Front

used to show comparrison

Back

Estimation

Front

Educated guess to a solution

Back

Double bar graph

Front

bar graph that compares similar kinds of data

Back

Tally chart

Front

quick way to count using lines in groups of five

Back

Mean

Front

(is unfortuntly )Average

Back

stem and leaf plot

Front

a way to organize data according to place vaule

Back

Technological Tools

Front

Calculators-used daily, always available for important skill
Computers-support instruction

Back

Line graph

Front

a graph that Shows change over time

Back

Rounding

Front

Replace one value with an approximate value

Back

Circle graph

Front

Shows data as a whole made up of different parts

Back

Manipulatives

Front

Base ten blocks-cubes to understand basic algorithms
Pattern blocks- colored shapes for concepts/geometry
Cuisenaire Rods-multi-colored/sized rods for add/sub
Tangrams-square with 7 shape pieces for fraction/area
Geoblocks-3d blocks for geometry introduction
Protractors- used to find angle measurements
Measuring cups-calculate capacity, teaching fractions
Coins&bills- count and preform money operations
Stopwatches- teach concept of time