unit 1 - AP US History

unit 1 - AP US History

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

Preview this deck

Articles of Confederation

Front

Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%

0.0

0 reviews

5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0

Active users

0

All-time users

0

Favorites

0

Last updated

2 years ago

Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (23)

Section 1

(23 cards)

Articles of Confederation

Front

agreement among the thirteen colonies that served as its first constitution

Back

Samuel Adams

Front

an American statesman and founding father of the United States who opposed British taxation and helped organize the Boston Tea Party

Back

Jamestown

Front

first permanent English settlement in North America

Back

Encomienda

Front

dependency relation system that started in Spain during the Roman Empire; the stronger people protected the weakest in exchange for a service

Back

Treaty of Paris

Front

document that ended the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the colonies

Back

Bill of Rights

Front

The first 10 amendments to the Constitution that make up the Bill of Rights

Back

Yorktown

Front

1781 battle which led to a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops; General George Washington led this defeat against Cornwallis' troops

Back

Declaration of Independence

Front

Thomas Jefferson wrote a document stating that the 13 colonies wanted to be independent. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress accepted it.

Back

Marquis de Lafayette

Front

a French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the United States in the American Revolutionary War

Back

King George III

Front

England's longest ruling monarch before Queen Victoria

Back

John Smith

Front

English explorer, soldier and writer; best known for his role in establishing the first permanent English colony in the New World (Jamestown)

Back

Sugar Act

Front

British law enacted in 1764 that put a tax on sugar and molasses imported into the colonies; this law effected the manufacture of rum in New England

Back

Jonathan Edwards

Front

revivalist preacher, philosopher, and Congregationalist Protestant theologian

Back

Saratoga

Front

It was the turning point of the war for independence. After this battle, the American colonists were in an advantageous place. There were heavy British casualties.

Back

Great Awakening

Front

series of religious revivals in the North American British colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries

Back

Boston Tea Party

Front

In 1773, a group of colonists protested the tea tax by dressing up as Native American and climbing on British ships in the Boston Harbor. They threw all the tea into the water to show they wouldn't buy tea from England.

Back

Joint-Stock companies

Front

business entity where different stocks can be bought and owned by shareholders

Back

Conquistador

Front

leader in the Spanish conquests of America, Mexico, and Peru in the 16th century

Back

Proclamation of 1793

Front

statement that declared the war had ended following the British victory over France in the French and Indian War

Back

Boston Massacre

Front

In 1770, some colonists threw snowballs at a group of British soldiers and the soldiers fired their guns, killing 5 colonists.

Back

Charles Cornwallis

Front

a British Army officer and colonial administrator (1753-1762)

Back

French and Indian War

Front

War between colonists of Britian and colonists of France & Native Americans during 1754 to 1760. The purpose was to get North American lands for farming crops and securing a place to live well.

Back

Columbian Exchange

Front

exchanges of plants, animals, diseases, and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life

Back