Section 1

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Resisted exercise

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (128)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Resisted exercise

Front

form of active movement where some form of resistance is provided; increases muscular strength and endurance

Back

Subjective examination

Front

interview of the patient about the extent and nature of an injury; a qualitative measurement based on the patient's perception of the problem

Back

Ligament

Front

supporting structure at joins that serve to stabilize the joint and prevent excess movement

Back

Range of motion exercise

Front

exercise for mobility of a joint

Back

Tendinitis

Front

inflammation of the tendon

Back

Cryotherapy

Front

therapeutic use of cold agents to decrease blood flow, metabolism, swelling and pain

Back

Thermal agents

Front

used to modify the temperature of surrounding tissue and result in a change of the amount of blood flow to the injured area (superficial heat, deep heat, cold)

Back

Fascia

Front

connective tissue that surrounds muscle and other soft tissue in the body

Back

dysfunction

Front

any functional disability; PT determines the cause and extent of these

Back

Hypermobile joint

Front

joint subluxation, joint has excessive motion

Back

Hydrotherapy

Front

use of the therapeutic effects of water by immersing body part or entire body into a tank of water

Back

Accessory motion

Front

ability of joint surfaces to glide, roll and spin on each other

Back

Strength

Front

the amount of force produced during a voluntary muscular contraction

Back

Fluidotherapy

Front

self-contained unit filled with sawdust-type particles heated to the desired temperature and circulated by air pressure around the involved body part

Back

Manual Muscle Testing (MMT)

Front

allows therapist to assign specific grade to a muscle, based on whether patient can hold the limb against gravity, how much manual resistance can be tolerated and whether joint has full ROM

Back

Active Range of Motion (AROM)

Front

The ability of the patient to voluntarily move a limb through an arc of movement

Back

Goniometer

Front

instrument used to measure and document ROM

Back

Short-wave diathermy

Front

use electromagnetic energy to produce deep therapeutic heating effects

Back

Transverse friction massage

Front

improves flexibility and function of soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, and tendons

Back

Bursitis

Front

inflammation of bursae; commonly occurs at the shoulder to the subacromial bursa

Back

Resisted test

Front

allows therapist to determine general strength of a muscle group and assess whether any pain is produced with the muscle contraction

Back

Bursae

Front

fluid-filled sacs throughout the body that decrease friction between structures

Back

Paraffin treatment

Front

mixture of melted paraffin wax and mineral oil at a specific temperature promotes relaxation and pain relief

Back

Swedish massage strokes

Front

promote relaxation by decreasing pain or swelling, relieving tension and improving the metabolism of surrounding tissue

Back

Active free range of motion

Front

joint movement in which the patient doesn't receive any support or resistance through an arc of movement (ex. pendulum swing)

Back

Ultrasound

Front

application of high-frequency sound waves that penetrate tissue and increase tissue temperature

Back

Nerve entrapment

Front

pressure on a nerve

Back

Massage

Front

systematic use of various manual strokes to produce certain physiological, mechanical and psychological effects

Back

Fracture

Front

break in a bone; commonly in the wrist or the hip

Back

Myofascial release

Front

manual stretching of the layers of the body's fascia

Back

Objective examination

Front

Measurements taken by physical therapist/assistant or by mechanical device

Back

Passive Range of Motion (PROM)

Front

amount of movement at a joint obtained by therapist moving the segment without assistance from the patient

Back

Muscular strength

Front

maximal amount of tension an individual can produce in one repitition (low repetitions with heavy resistance)

Back

Active assisted range of motion

Front

joint movement in which the patient may be assisted either manually or mechanically thought an arc of movement

Back

Tendinosis

Front

degeneration of the tendon by overuse

Back

Flexibility

Front

ability to move a limb segment through a specific ROM

Back

electrical stimulation

Front

application of electricity at specified locations to stimulate nerves, muscles, and other soft tissues to reduce pain and swelling, increase strength and ROM and facilitate wound healing

Back

Hot pack

Front

pouch filled with silica gel and soaked in thermostatically controlled water

Back

Active resisted exercises

Front

joint movement in which an external force resists the movement

Back

Strain

Front

injury to a muscle

Back

Whirlpool

Front

tank of water used in hydrotherapy for immersing a body part or the entire body

Back

Sprain

Front

injury to a ligament (overstretching or tearing); commonly at ankle where lateral ligaments are overstretched

Back

Range of Motion (ROM)

Front

movement at a joint

Back

Hypomobile joint

Front

joint has less motion than is considered functional

Back

Joint mobilization and manipulation

Front

technique used when a patient's dysfunction is result of joint stiffness or hypomobility; applies specific passive movement to a joint, either oscillatory (rapid, repeated movement) or sustained

Back

Muscle endurance

Front

ability to produce and sustain tension over a prolonged period (high repetitions with low resistance)

Back

Goniometry

Front

methods to measure and document ROM

Back

Tendinopathy

Front

disorders of the tendons

Back

Special tests

Front

examine specific joints to indicate the presence or absence of a particular problem

Back

Soft tissue mobilization

Front

a variety of hands-on techniques designed to improve movement and function

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

Mammography

Front

X-ray of the breast to check for breast cancer

Back

Bradycardia

Front

Slow heartbeat

Back

Lung

Front

Organs on both sides of the chest that pull oxygen into the blood and remove waste gases

Back

Isometric resisted exercise

Front

muscle contraction without visible joint movement (pushing against a wall)

Back

Biologist

Front

One who studies biology

Back

Proprioceptors

Front

receptors found in skin and joints, respond to stimuli like pressure, stretch and position

Back

Cholecystitis

Front

Inflammation of the gall bladder

Back

Dermatologist

Front

Physician who specializes in skin conditions

Back

Chemistry

Front

The science of chemicals

Back

Bronchial tubes

Front

Tubes within the thoracic cavity which carry air to and from the lungs

Back

Malpractice

Front

Bad medical practices

Back

Artery

Front

Blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart; usually carry oxygen rich blood

Back

Aerobics training

Front

exercise program that uses oxygen as the major energy source

Back

Open kinetic chain exercise

Front

an exercise where the end limb segment is free (ex. biceps curl)

Back

Adduction

Front

To move toward the midline of the body

Back

Cystitis

Front

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

Back

Cytology

Front

The study of cells

Back

Metamorphosis

Front

Changing structure or shape to become something different

Back

Blood vessels

Front

Blood-carrying tubes; arteries, veins, capillaries

Back

Apnea

Front

Cessation of breathing, without breath

Back

Proprioception

Front

one's awareness of position and movement; may be reduced after injury leading to loss of balance and coordination

Back

Contraindication

Front

Against advisement

Back

Bilingual

Front

Speaking two languages

Back

Abduction

Front

To remove, to move away from the midline of the body

Back

Bifocals

Front

Two vision fields; eyeglasses

Back

Flexibility exercise

Front

exercise using stress to change length and elasticity of soft tissue like muscle

Back

Clot

Front

Coagulated blood

Back

Halliwick method

Front

uses preswim stroke instruction and musculoskeletal rehabilitation

Back

Binoculars

Front

Having two eye pieces

Back

Closed kinetic chain exercise

Front

movement at one joint affects movement at other joints (ex. a two legged squat)

Back

Malignant

Front

A bad growth; harmful; cancer

Back

Bad Ragaz method

Front

therapist uses proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques while the patient is suspended by rings in the water

Back

Isokenetic resisted exercise

Front

concentric or eccentric muscle contraction that happens at a constant speed

Back

Biology

Front

The study of life

Back

Bronchitis

Front

Inflammation of the bronchial tubes

Back

Dermatitis

Front

Inflammation of the skin

Back

Cardiovascular

Front

Referring to the heart and blood vessels

Back

Functional exercise

Front

program that incorporates strength, flexibility, balance and coordination

Back

Malnourished

Front

Poorly nourished

Back

Bradypnea

Front

Slow breathing

Back

Chemist

Front

One who studies chemicals

Back

Arthritis

Front

Inflammation of the joints

Back

Aquatic physical therapy

Front

therapeutic use of water for rehabilitation or prevention of an injury

Back

Isotonic eccentric resisted exercise

Front

muscle contraction that produces or controls joint motion, resulting in muscle lengthening (extending elbow)

Back

Blood

Front

The fluid within blood vessels containing cells and chemicals

Back

Arteriosclerosis

Front

A condition of hardening in the arteries

Back

Diarrhea

Front

Flowing through of stool

Back

Isotonic concentric resisted exercise

Front

muscle contraction that produces or controls joint motion, resulting in muscle shortening (flexing elbow)

Back

Asepsis

Front

Without contamination; very clean

Back

Bladder

Front

Fluid filled sac; usually refers to urinary

Back

Section 3

(28 cards)

Post-partum

Front

After childbirth

Back

Urologist

Front

Physician who studies the urinary system and its conditions

Back

Osteoarthritis

Front

Inflammation of the bones and joints

Back

Pharyngitis

Front

Inflammation of the throat or pharynx

Back

Ophthalmologist

Front

Physician who studies the eye and its conditions

Back

Polyuria

Front

Condition of having too much or a drastic increase in the production of urine

Back

Urinary tract

Front

Urinary system consisting of two kidneys, two ureter tubes one urinary bladder and urethra

Back

Pediatrics

Front

Study of children and their conditions

Back

Urethra

Front

Tube leading from the urinary bladder to outside of the body

Back

Metastasis

Front

Spreading beyond original location

Back

Monocular

Front

Having one vision

Back

Otitis

Front

Inflammation of the ear

Back

Post-operative

Front

After surgery or an operation

Back

Pathogen

Front

Microorganism capable of causing disease

Back

Periosteum

Front

The covering around the bone

Back

Neurologist

Front

Physician who studies the nerves and their conditions

Back

Pediatrician

Front

Physician who specializes in children

Back

Pathologist

Front

Physician who studies in disease processes

Back

Otoscope

Front

Lightened instrument used to look inside ears

Back

Neonatal

Front

New baby

Back

Paralysis

Front

Loss of feeling and function

Back

Polycystic

Front

Condition of having many cysts

Back

Nephritis

Front

Inflammation of the kidney

Back

Osteocyte

Front

A bone cell

Back

Parathyroid

Front

Glands located around the thyroid gland in the neck

Back

Neoplasm

Front

New cells growing

Back

Vascular

Front

Having blood vessels

Back

Pneumonia

Front

Inflammation of the lungs

Back