Section 1

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Sartorious

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (95)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Sartorious

Front

Strap like; longest muscle in body, flexes, abducts and rotates thigh

Back

Hypothalamus

Front

Visceral control center, emotion, temp reg, Hunger, sleep, hormone production

Back

Cell body

Front

Protected within the Cns, biosynthetic activities ; Info brought here

Back

Whole blood transfusion

Front

Used when blood loss is substantial

Back

Epithalamus

Front

Sleepiness, biological clock, emotional response to smell

Back

Gray matter

Front

the darker tissue of the brain and spinal cord, consisting mainly of nerve cell bodies and branching dendrites.

Back

Packed red cells

Front

(Plasma removed) are used to restore O2 - carrying capacity

Back

Thalamus

Front

Memory processing, sensation, motor processes, learning (diencephalon)

Back

Hypothalamus pituitary complex

Front

Hormone control

Back

Red blood cells

Front

45%, erythrocytes, blood clotting for wounds

Back

Levator

Front

Produces superior movement

Back

Hemostasis

Front

Fast series of reactions for stoppage of bleeding (Vasc spasm, platelet plug formation, coagulation)

Back

Plasma

Front

Liquid component of blood (55%)

Back

Nervous system functions

Front

1- sensory input, 2- integration, 3- motor output (communications)

Back

Know pathway of sound waves

Front

Tympanic membrane, auditory ossicles, move threw fluid in scala vestibule, travel through helicotrema, and then through cochlear duct

Back

endocrine

Front

No ducts, produce and release hormones, internal secretions

Back

Axons

Front

Impulses away from cell body, processes called nerve fibers

Back

Middle ear

Front

Tympanic cavity; hearing

Back

Medulla oblongata

Front

(Brain stem) relays motor and sensory impulses, regulates heart beat, breathing, swallowing (above spinal cord)

Back

Chambers of the heart (4)

Front

Left and right ventricle, left and right atrium

Back

Internal ear

Front

Inner: hearing and equilibrium

Back

Synapses

Front

Junction that mediates info transfer from one neuron to next or from neuron to effector cell (impulses that pass by)-neural cell communicates with target cell

Back

Transverse abdominous

Front

Deepest muscle of abdominal wall, compress ab contents

Back

Sensations

Front

Sweet, sour, bitter, salt, Unami

Back

Orbicularis Oris

Front

Multilayer muscle of lips; close lips, kissing and whistling muscle

Back

Serum vs Plasma

Front

Serum(fluid) is plasma(liquid) but doesn't have clotting proteins

Back

Cerebellum

Front

Coordination, posture, balance (behind spinal cord)

Back

Pons

Front

(Brain stem) relays info from one side of brain to other, breathing (above medulla)

Back

Exocrine

Front

Ducts that carry secretions, don't release hormones, external secretions

Back

White blood cells

Front

Leukocytes; fight off infection, 1%

Back

Corpus Callosum

Front

Largely commissure (thickened body), deep within longitudinal fissure; broad band of nerve fibers that join two hemispheres of brain

Back

White matter

Front

the paler tissue of the brain and spinal cord, consisting mainly of nerve fibers with their myelin sheaths.

Back

Dendrites

Front

Main receptive or input regions ; short extension from cell, transmitted to cell body

Back

Action potential

Front

Brief change in membrane potential in "patch" of membrane that's depolarizers by local currents (principal way neurons send long distance signals)

Back

Olfactory receptors

Front

Sight of olfactory epithelium in nasal cavity; detect odor

Back

CSF (cerebral spinal fluid)

Front

Protect the spinal cord and is a clear fluid; in subarachnoid space

Back

Na- K concentrations

Front

K is higher inside cell, and na is higher outside

Back

Pericardium

Front

Double sac walk around heart and protects and anchors heart

Back

Meninges

Front

Layers on membrane coverings of brain that protect it

Back

Latissimus dorsi

Front

Broad, flat and triangular muscle of lower back ; rotates arm at shoulder

Back

Spinal cord regions

Front

8 cervical , 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccygeal

Back

External ear

Front

Outer; hearing

Back

Midbrain

Front

(Brain stem Processes visual info; eye movement, reflexes (above pons)

Back

Taste buds

Front

Receptor organs; found on tongue and on tops of papillae fungi form

Back

Blood types

Front

A, B, AB, and O

Back

Cerebrum

Front

Interprets sensory info, controls voluntary muscles, intellectual and emotional processing, memory (top of brain)

Back

Hormone

Front

Chemical substances, secreted by cells into the extra cellular fluids that regulate Metab fx of other cells and organs

Back

Auricles

Front

Attached to left and right atrium; increase capacity of atrium and increase vol of blood

Back

Formed elements

Front

Cellular portion of blood (leukocytes and erythrocytes)

Back

Gracilis

Front

Slender

Back

Section 2

(45 cards)

Oogenesis

Front

Creation of ovum with three polar bodies left at end

Back

Systole

Front

Contraction of myocardium

Back

Arteries

Front

Blood conveyed from heart to body

Back

Nonspecific innate defense

Front

Always prepared to responding to protect foreign substances

Back

Male sex hormones

Front

testosterone

Back

Uvula

Front

Freed edge to Soft palate; stops food from entering nasal cavity

Back

Larynx

Front

Passageway and prevents food from entering resp, voice

Back

Stomach

Front

Where major digestion occurs

Back

Liver

Front

Largest gland in body; produces bile, shaped like wedge

Back

Vasodilation

Front

Decreases blood pressure; dilation of blood vessels

Back

Diastole

Front

Relaxation between contractions

Back

Ovarian cycle

Front

consists of the follicular phase, ovulation, and luteal phase

Back

Lymphatic system

Front

Spleen (filters toxins) liver, kidneys; cleans toxins out of body

Back

Mesentery

Front

Double layer of peritoneum that extends to digestive organs from body wall

Back

Digestive tract

Front

Mouth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm intestine, lg intestine, rectum, anal canal

Back

Pancreas

Front

Tad pole shaped gland and produces catabolic enzymes

Back

Forced respiration

Front

Increase intra-ab pressure, and depresses rib cage ; active process

Back

Gallbladder

Front

Green- muscular sac; stores bile and concentrated it by absorbing its water and ions

Back

Layers of blood vessel wall

Front

Tunica intima, tunica media, tunica externa

Back

Quiet respiration

Front

Superior and inferior dimensions heighten ; intercostal muscles lift the rib cage and pulls down Sternum

Back

Female sex hormones

Front

Estrogen

Back

Fimbriae

Front

Projection at end of fallopian tube

Back

Spermatogenesis

Front

Spermatogenesis is the process in which spermatozoa are produced from male primordial germ cells by way of mitosis and meiosis. The initial cells in this pathway are called spermatogonia, which yield primary spermatocytes by mitosis.

Back

Kidney

Front

Bean shaped; filter toxins and produce urine

Back

Type of blood vessels

Front

Capillaries, veins, arteries

Back

Omentum

Front

Lesser and greater; lesser runs from liver to lesser curve of stomach; greater drapes inferiorly from greater curve of stomach to covers of sm intestine (fold of peritoneum that connects stomach to other abdominal organs)

Back

Chemical digestion

Front

Food mixing with saliva; food into nutrients

Back

Trachea

Front

Air passageway; cleans warms and moistens Air

Back

Veins

Front

Carry blood toward heart

Back

Know Pathway of blood

Front

Right atrium, tricuspid valve, right ventricle, pulmonary valve, pulmonary arteries, lungs, pulmonary veins, left atrium, bicuspid valve, left ventricle, aortic valve, aorta, body, superior/inferior vena cava

Back

Vasoconstriction

Front

Tightening of the blood vessel walls

Back

Hypertension

Front

High blood pressure; stroke, heart failure

Back

Spirometer

Front

Test pulmonary function

Back

Penis

Front

Delivers sperm to female

Back

Mechanical digestion

Front

Chewing; food into small pieces

Back

Uterine cycle

Front

divided into menstruation, proliferative phase, and secretory phase.

Back

Fertilization

Front

Sperm nucleus and large central cell fuse

Back

Bronchii

Front

Main passageway into lungs

Back

Clitoris

Front

Erectile part of female genitals

Back

Immune system

Front

Protects again disease; lymph nodes, thymus, spleen

Back

Know flow of urine

Front

Kidney, ureters, bladder, sphincter, urethra, and out

Back

Baroreceptor reflex

Front

Homeostatic mechanism that helps to maintain blood pressure at nearly constant levels

Back

Capillaries

Front

Fine branching blood vessels

Back

Specific Adaptive defenses

Front

Attacks a particular substance and takes more time

Back

Testes

Front

Organ to make sperm

Back