AP English Chapter 2 Vocab

AP English Chapter 2 Vocab

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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metaphor

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (20)

Section 1

(20 cards)

metaphor

Front

figure of speech that says one thing is another to explain by comparison. Ex: 'And if a beachhead of suspicion may push back the jungle of suspicion."

Back

antimetabole

Front

repetition of words in reverse order. Ex: "[A]sk not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." Ex. #2: "When the going gets tough, the tough get going."

Back

asyndeton

Front

omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words. Ex: "[W]e shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty." Ex #2: "He received applause, prizes, money, fame."

Back

rhetorical question

Front

figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather that for the purpose of getting an answer. Ex: "Will you join in that historic effort?"

Back

archaic diction

Front

old-fashioned or outdated choice of words. Ex: "[B]eliefs for which our forefathers fought."

Back

personification

Front

attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea. Ex: "With history the final judge of our deeds."

Back

cumulative sentence

Front

sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence, and then builds and adds on. Better definition: An independent clause followed by a series of subordinate constructions (phrases or clauses) that gather details about a person, place, event, or idea. Contrasts with periodic sentence. Ex: "But neither can two great and powerful nations take comfort from our present course--both sides overburdened . . . both rightly alarmed . . . yet both racing . . . war." Ex. #2:"I write this at a wide desk in a pine shed as I always do these recent years, in this life I pray will last, while the summer sun closes the sky to Orion and to all the other winter stars over my roof."

Back

metonymy

Front

using a single feature (closely associated with it) to represent the whole. Ex: The Pentagon stated . . . " The JFK example is more clearly a synecdoche (a partial feature that represents the whole--or a whole that is representatiove of only a part--Internet for WWW or eyes for person). Example: "In your HANDS, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course."

Back

parallelism

Front

similarity of structure in a pair or series related words, phrases, or clauses. Ex: "Let both sides explore . . . Let both sides . . . formulate . . . Let both sides unite . . ."

Back

periodic sentence

Front

sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end. Ex: "To that world assembly . . . we renew our pledge of support."

Back

zeugma

Front

use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producing different, often incongruous meanings. Ex: " . . . not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need - not as a call to battle, though embattled we are - but a call to bear the burden . . . " Ex. #2: "She looked at the object with suspicion and a magnifying glass" --Dickens

Back

hortative sentence

Front

sentence that exhorts, urges, entreats, implores, or calls to action. Ex: "Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us."

Back

oxymoron

Front

paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another. Ex: "peaceful revolution"

Back

allusion

Front

brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art. Ex: "Let both sides unite to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah" Ex #2: " Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss."

Back

imperative sentence

Front

sentence used to command or enjoin (to prescribe - ordain - prohibit - forbid). The verb indicates an order or a direction to act. Ex: "My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."

Back

alliteration

Front

repetition of the same sound beginning several words in a sequence. Ex: [L]et us go forth to lead the land we love.

Back

inversion

Front

inverted order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order). Ex:"United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do."

Back

anaphora

Front

repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines. Ex: "Not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need--not as a call to battle, though embattled we are." Ex #2: "Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed . . .?"

Back

juxtaposition

Front

placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts. Ex: "We are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth...that the torch has been passes to a new generation of Americans- born in this century."

Back

antithesis

Front

opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction. Ex: "[W]e shall support any friend, oppose any foe." Ex.#2: "Give me liberty or give me death!"

Back