Section 1

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first category of music

Front

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Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (74)

Section 1

(50 cards)

first category of music

Front

popular music is professionally composed, recorded, or performed live and represents the type of music of most current interest to the public

Back

piccolo

Front

is smaller version of the flute played in the same manner much higher pitch

Back

music objectives

Front

artistic perception creative expression aesthetic valuing historical and cultural context connections, relationships, applications

Back

form

Front

refers to the overall structure of music

Back

tuba

Front

lowest pitch of all brass played like the trumpet with the bell facing upward

Back

bassoon

Front

large double-reed instrument that plays lower notes than the oboe

Back

timbre

Front

describes the unique sound produced by different instruments, instrumental combinations and by the human voice families such as wood winds and horns have similar of this

Back

viola

Front

a little larger than the violin deeper pitch than the violin

Back

time signature

Front

written at the beginning of each staff the top number shows how many beats per measure and the bottom number shows which note gets a beat

Back

cymbals

Front

are hit together and produce a crashing sound

Back

staccato

Front

choppy aspect of texture

Back

third category of music

Front

folk music usually has a rural origin, is usually not composed professionally, and is often transmitted by oral tradition

Back

clef

Front

placed at the beginning of the staff determines the pitches for each line and space on the staff most common are G (treble), and F (bass)

Back

tempo

Front

speed of the music may vary in different sections to provide contrast

Back

flute

Front

played by blowing across an opening, covering holes with fingers

Back

orchestra instruments

Front

usually classified as strings, woodwinds, brass, and precussion

Back

the natural

Front

cancels a flat or a sharp

Back

harmony

Front

chords with a duration a melody is the tones that produce the distinctive sound of the music played with the left hand on the piano

Back

chromatic scale

Front

includes the seven notes of the diatonic scale with the five sharps and flats corresponding to the white and black keys on the piano

Back

second category of music

Front

classical music was composed in the past and, while it is also recorded for sale, is usually performed by large orchestras in symphony halls

Back

woodwinds

Front

played by blowing most have reeds while a few don't

Back

clarinet

Front

a single-reed instrument with a wide range of notes

Back

sharp

Front

raises the note a half tone

Back

strings

Front

are played by plucking or drawing a bow notes are formed by holding the strings down while plucking or bowing violins, violas, cellos, and bass guitar not usually found in an orchestra

Back

g clef

Front

notes on the lines are E G B D F notes on the spaces are F A C E

Back

first violin

Front

usually the concert master or mistress, the first assistant to the conductor

Back

french horn

Front

played like the trumpet, but the opening bell faces backwards musician often puts hand in the bell

Back

trombone

Front

played by moving a slide and gives it the widest range if notes in the brass section

Back

staff

Front

our musical notation uses this to represent notes partitioned into measures

Back

oboe

Front

a double-reed instrument that looks like a clarinet and is played in the same manner

Back

brass

Front

played by vibrating the lips against the mouthpiece french horns, trumpets, trombones, and tubas

Back

timpani

Front

or kettle drums, have a deeper sound than the snare drums

Back

texture

Front

refers to the feel the music imparts

Back

cello

Front

rests on the floor in front of the musician

Back

flat

Front

lowers the note a half tone

Back

melody

Front

usually consists of one note at a time and is played with the right hand on the piano

Back

pitches

Front

separated by specific intervals are called a scale

Back

key signature

Front

of sharps and/or flats can be written at the beginning of the staff to change these notes throughout the piece it identifies the key the music is written on

Back

trumpet

Front

creates notes by blowing and pressing a combination of the three valves found on the instrument

Back

bass drum

Front

the largest drum is used to mark the beat in music

Back

music

Front

consists of pitch, the actual frequency or sound of a note, and duration

Back

violin

Front

smallest string instrument in the orchestra more in the orchestra than any other instrument

Back

precussion

Front

instruments played by striking cymbals, snare drum, timpani, and base drum also piano and xylophone and are found in this section of the orchestra

Back

rhythm

Front

refers primarily to the regularity of beats or meter most common meter has four beats with an emphasis on the first

Back

dynamics

Front

describes how loud or soft the music is add to music expressive qualities

Back

pianissimo

Front

play very softly aspect of dynamics

Back

double bass

Front

the largest string instrument twice as large as the cello

Back

diatonic scale

Front

most music based on this found on the piano in white keys C D E F G A B

Back

snare drum

Front

is a small drum struck repeatedly to create accents in music

Back

chords

Front

a tone has a specific pitch and duration different tones occurring simultaneously

Back

Section 2

(24 cards)

syncopation

Front

rhythm that emphasizes weak beats

Back

cultural musical contributions

Front

part of historical and cultural context describe how composers have drawn inspiration from regional and national cultures explain the similarities and differences in styles, performance media, and tone colors in various cultures describe how music is determined by the performance media describe how the social and environmental influences of a cultural group determine the character of the music explain how the function of the music dictates the style and form

Back

accompaniment

Front

voices or instruments that support a melody

Back

aesthetic valuing

Front

respond to, analyze, and evaluate music derive meaning from music and musical performance develop and apply a personal standard for evaluating music and musical performances identify the aesthetic qualities of musical works

Back

libretto

Front

contains the complete text of an opera, the literal meaning is little book

Back

articulation

Front

how adjacent notes are connected

Back

sound generation and modification

Front

part of artistic perception group sounds according to how they were produced identify ways of changing the sound of a voice or an instrument

Back

canon

Front

a musical form in which a melody is repeated in one or more parts

Back

duple meter

Front

the grouping of beats into sets of two

Back

adagio

Front

very slow tempo

Back

connection, relationships, applications

Front

integrate music with other forms, with other subjects, and with life's pursuits describe how other disciplines are integrated into musical performances identify potential careers in theater and in fields related to music

Back

forte

Front

loud

Back

musical elements

Front

part of artistic perception identify pitch and pitch relationships identify rhythm and discriminate among the rhythmic forms of musical works describe and identify polyphonic, homophonic, and monophonic harmonies describe the form of the work describe and identify polyphonic, homophonic, and monophonic texture identify the tempo describe how musical works combine elements to produce a particular timbre

Back

symphony

Front

a work for an orchestra in three to five movements

Back

chamber music

Front

music played by small ensembles, such as string quartet, with one performer to a part

Back

overture

Front

a musical, orchestral introduction

Back

elements of music

Front

pitch, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, timbre, texture, and form

Back

notation symbols

Front

part of artistic perception identify a musical piece from its written form

Back

aria

Front

a song set off from the rest of an opera

Back

creative expression

Front

create, perform, and participate in music compose and arrange music and devise melodies, and use electronic and digital technology sing songs that represent various genres, styles, and cultures play a musical instrument compose short musical pieces arrange simple musical pieces

Back

allegro

Front

fast tempo

Back

midi

Front

musical instrument digital interface an interface that supports the synthesis of musical instruments on a computer

Back

opera

Front

a musical drama

Back

melody

Front

sequence of single notes

Back