AP/IB Spanish Expressions

AP/IB Spanish Expressions

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Section 1

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Cards (341)

Section 1

(50 cards)

estar por

Front

to be in favor of

Back

dar a conocer

Front

to make known

Back

dar una vuelta

Front

to take a walk

Back

estar muerto de cansancio

Front

to be dead tired

Back

estar seguro

Front

to be sure

Back

dar cuerda

Front

to wind

Back

(no) estar para bromas

Front

to not be in the mood for jokes

Back

hacer(le) saber

Front

to inform, to let someone know (something)

Back

dar un paseo

Front

to take a walk

Back

estar muerto de sueño

Front

to be very sleepy

Back

estar de pie

Front

to be standing

Back

estar muerto de hambre

Front

to be starving

Back

darse prisa

Front

to hurry

Back

hacer escala

Front

to make a stop (i.e. plane)

Back

hacer el papel de

Front

to play the part (role) of

Back

estar de moda

Front

to be in style (fashionable)

Back

estar a punto de

Front

to be about to

Back

estar al día

Front

to be up to date (current)

Back

estar de buen (mal) humor

Front

to be in a good (bad) mood

Back

estar de vuelta

Front

to be back

Back

hacer una pregunta

Front

to ask a question

Back

estar harto de

Front

to be fed up with

Back

(no) hacer caso a (not)

Front

to pay attention, (not) to listen to, to ignore

Back

hacer una visita

Front

to pay a visit

Back

echar la culpa

Front

to blame

Back

dar un abrazo

Front

to hug

Back

hacer hincapié

Front

to emphasize

Back

darse cuenta de (que)

Front

to realize (that)

Back

hacer un viaje

Front

to take a trip

Back

dar gritos

Front

to shout, to scream

Back

dar recuerdos a

Front

to give regards to

Back

darse la mano

Front

to shake hands

Back

hacer la maleta

Front

to pack one's suitcase

Back

echar(se) a perder

Front

to spoil, to ruin, to lose its good taste

Back

echarle de menos a alguien

Front

to miss someone

Back

hacer pedazos

Front

to smash, to tear into pieces

Back

estar enamorado de

Front

to be in love with

Back

hacerle daño a alguien

Front

to hurt someone

Back

echarse a reír

Front

to burst out laughing

Back

estar de acuerdo

Front

to agree unanimously

Back

estar para + infinitive

Front

to be about to, to be at the point of

Back

dar las gracias

Front

to thank

Back

dar a to face

Front

to look out on

Back

hacer(le) falta

Front

to lack, to be in need of, to be lacking

Back

echar (una carta, una tarjeta, etc.)

Front

to mail (a letter, a card, etc.)

Back

estar bien enterado

Front

to be well-informed

Back

dar un paseo (una vuelta) en coche

Front

to go for a ride

Back

hacer la cama

Front

to make the bed

Back

dar la hora

Front

to strike (the hour)

Back

dar con

Front

to run into

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

cambiar

Front

to change

Back

el/la racista

Front

Racist

Back

romper

Front

to break

Back

poder

Front

can/to be able

Back

deportar

Front

To deport

Back

documentos

Front

Documents

Back

prestar

Front

to borrow

Back

Defensores

Front

Defenders

Back

traer

Front

to bring

Back

creer

Front

to believe

Back

caber

Front

to fit

Back

dibujar

Front

to draw

Back

cortar

Front

to cut

Back

cancelar

Front

to cancel

Back

contar

Front

to count

Back

Los abodgados

Front

Lawyers

Back

cruzar/atravesar

Front

To cross

Back

Obrero

Front

Working Class

Back

inmigrar

Front

To immigrate

Back

limpiar

Front

to clean

Back

conducir

Front

to drive

Back

bailar

Front

to dance

Back

encontrar

Front

to find

Back

emigrar

Front

To emigrate

Back

el/la inmigrante

Front

Immigrant

Back

quejarse

Front

to complain

Back

comer

Front

to eat

Back

reparar

Front

to fix

Back

dejar

Front

to allow, starts with 'd'

Back

llenar

Front

to fill

Back

beber

Front

to drink

Back

jurar por la bandera de EEUU

Front

Swear an oath to the flag of the U.S.A

Back

permitir

Front

to allow, starts with 'p'

Back

la emigración

Front

Migration

Back

la paga mínima

Front

Minimum Wage

Back

toser

Front

to cough

Back

comprar

Front

to buy

Back

Cuidadanos

Front

Citizens

Back

preguntar

Front

to ask

Back

explicar

Front

to explain

Back

aceptar

Front

to accept

Back

volar

Front

to fly

Back

indocumentado

Front

Person without papers

Back

el/la habitante

Front

Inhabitant

Back

terminar

Front

to finish

Back

la tarjeta verde

Front

Green Card

Back

peinar

Front

to comb

Back

la economía

Front

Economy

Back

la ciudadanía

Front

Citizenship

Back

caerse

Front

to fall

Back

Section 3

(50 cards)

tener ganas de

Front

to feel like

Back

tener sed

Front

to be thirsty

Back

no tener donde caerse muerto

Front

not to have a penny to one's name

Back

tener prisa

Front

to be in a hurry

Back

tener frío

Front

to be cold

Back

la ley migratoria

Front

Migration Laws

Back

tener que ver con

Front

to have to do with

Back

tener un disgusto

Front

to have a falling out

Back

tener mala cara

Front

to look bad

Back

tener suerte

Front

to be lucky

Back

crepúsculo

Front

twilight

Back

tener pájaros en la cabeza

Front

to have bats in the belfry

Back

tener la razón de su parte

Front

to be in the right

Back

no tener pelo de tonto

Front

to be nobody's fool

Back

Criminalizar

Front

To make something a crime

Back

bruma

Front

mist

Back

tener cuidado

Front

to be careful

Back

tener sueño

Front

to be sleepy

Back

tener éxito

Front

to be successful

Back

tener en la punta de la lengua

Front

to have on the tip of one's tongue

Back

tener dolor de cabeza

Front

to have a headache

Back

tener palabra

Front

to keep one's word

Back

tener lugar

Front

to take place

Back

tener líos

Front

to have difficulties

Back

tener miedo de

Front

to be afraid of

Back

chaparrón

Front

downpour

Back

chubasco

Front

rainstorm

Back

anochecer

Front

nightfall

Back

tener calor

Front

to be warm

Back

chorrear

Front

to drip

Back

tener madera para

Front

to be cut out for, made for

Back

amanecer

Front

dawn

Back

la inmigración

Front

Immigration

Back

tener la palabra

Front

to have the floor

Back

no tener arreglo

Front

not to be able to be helped

Back

sequía

Front

drought

Back

tener buena estrella

Front

to be lucky

Back

madrugada

Front

dawn

Back

tener hambre

Front

to be hungry

Back

tener la culpa de

Front

to be to blame for

Back

Las leyes

Front

Laws

Back

tener los nervios de punta

Front

to have one's nerves on edge

Back

remolino

Front

whirlwind

Back

alba

Front

dawn

Back

Los derechos

Front

Rights

Back

atardecer

Front

dusk

Back

tener corazón de piedra

Front

to be hard-hearted

Back

no tener nombre

Front

to be unspeakable

Back

tener vergüenza de

Front

to be ashamed of

Back

tener razón

Front

to be right

Back

Section 4

(50 cards)

dejar de funcionar

Front

to stop working/functioning

Back

crecer

Front

to grow

Back

apoyo

Front

support

Back

desventaja

Front

disadvantage

Back

Espero que se encuentre bien.

Front

I hope that you find yourself well

Back

eficaz

Front

effective

Back

no tener pies ni cabeza

Front

to not make any sense, have no rhyme or reason

Back

disfrutar del baile

Front

to enjoy the dance

Back

en realidad

Front

actually

Back

dar un discurso

Front

to give a speech

Back

a pesar de

Front

in spite of

Back

asegurar

Front

to claim, to assure

Back

El índice de

Front

the index of

Back

datos

Front

data, piece of information

Back

conseguir

Front

to obtain

Back

enterarse de

Front

to find out from

Back

destacar

Front

to stand out / to point-out

Back

alcanzar una meta

Front

to reach a goal

Back

disponer de

Front

to have (something) available

Back

actualmente

Front

currently

Back

escasez de recursos

Front

scarcity of resources

Back

cumplir con los objetivos

Front

to meet the objectives

Back

aprovechar

Front

to take advantage

Back

durar

Front

to last

Back

empeñarse en hacer

Front

strive to make

Back

debe ser

Front

should be

Back

becas

Front

scholarships

Back

afirmaciones

Front

statements

Back

cifra

Front

figure, number

Back

agradecer

Front

to express thanks

Back

el numero promedio

Front

the average number

Back

el presupuesto

Front

budget

Back

aunque

Front

although

Back

como usted sabe

Front

as you (formal) know

Back

agradable

Front

pleasing

Back

Atentamente,

Front

Sincerely,

Back

equivocado

Front

mistaken, wrong

Back

contar con

Front

to count on / have

Back

aumentar

Front

to increase/augment

Back

afirma que

Front

states that

Back

el valor de

Front

the value of

Back

Al otro lado

Front

On the other hand

Back

disminuir

Front

to diminish/go down

Back

a través de los años

Front

throughout the years

Back

elegir

Front

to elect

Back

despídete

Front

say good-bye

Back

el ingreso

Front

income, revenue

Back

desarrollo

Front

development

Back

alejado de

Front

far away from

Back

no tener pelos en la lengua

Front

to be very outspoken

Back

Section 5

(50 cards)

evitar

Front

to avoid

Back

expone

Front

exhibits, displays

Back

propósito

Front

purpose

Back

fijarse en

Front

to focus on/pay attention to

Back

la tasa de

Front

the rate of

Back

prolongar hasta muy tarde

Front

prolong until very late

Back

perdurar

Front

to last

Back

reemplazar

Front

to replace, substitute

Back

la falta de

Front

the lack of

Back

fiscal

Front

fiscal

Back

estadísticas

Front

statistics

Back

Para asegurarme de

Front

to make sure of

Back

hipótesis

Front

hypothesis

Back

propuesta

Front

proposal

Back

fecha

Front

date

Back

parecido

Front

similar, like

Back

llevar a cabo

Front

to carry out

Back

repartir

Front

to divide

Back

incentivar

Front

to encourage

Back

rechaza

Front

rejects

Back

permanecer estable

Front

to remain stable

Back

la tabla

Front

the table (of data)

Back

Estimado/estimada ___,

Front

Esteemed...

Back

hacer una propuesta

Front

to make a proposal

Back

Este artículo trata de

Front

This article is about

Back

la inversión

Front

investment

Back

refuta

Front

refutes

Back

incrementar

Front

to increase

Back

Quisiera plantear una pregunta:

Front

I would like to pose a question

Back

gráfico

Front

chart

Back

la ausencia

Front

absence

Back

hemos acordado

Front

we have agreed

Back

invertir

Front

to invest

Back

promover

Front

to promote

Back

pertenecer a

Front

to pertain to

Back

los datos

Front

data

Back

promedio

Front

average

Back

realizar

Front

to fulfill, realize

Back

la actualidad

Front

the present

Back

exigir

Front

to demand

Back

recaudar fondos

Front

to raise funds

Back

firmar

Front

to sign

Back

lograr el éxito

Front

to achieve success

Back

recalca

Front

emphasizes, stresses

Back

la medida presentada por la senadora

Front

the bill presented by the senator

Back

ilustra

Front

illustrates

Back

resalta

Front

highlights

Back

hay que

Front

one must

Back

proporcionar

Front

to provide

Back

hallazgo

Front

finding, discovery

Back

Section 6

(50 cards)

resumen

Front

summary

Back

creer

Front

to believe

Back

permitir

Front

to allow, starts with 'p'

Back

explicar

Front

to explain

Back

traer

Front

to bring

Back

comer

Front

to eat

Back

superar las expectativas

Front

to exceed expectations

Back

contar

Front

to count

Back

beber

Front

to drink

Back

encontrar

Front

to find

Back

según

Front

according to

Back

la jornada

Front

workday

Back

conducir

Front

to drive

Back

toser

Front

to cough

Back

quejarse

Front

to complain

Back

aceptar

Front

to accept

Back

los negocios

Front

business

Back

comprar

Front

to buy

Back

una fuente

Front

a source

Back

bailar

Front

to dance

Back

tiene lugar

Front

takes place

Back

caerse

Front

to fall

Back

peinar

Front

to comb

Back

dejar

Front

to allow, starts with 'd'

Back

limpiar

Front

to clean

Back

poder

Front

can/to be able

Back

dibujar

Front

to draw

Back

preguntar

Front

to ask

Back

las compras

Front

purchases

Back

solicitar

Front

to request

Back

romper

Front

to break

Back

cambiar

Front

to change

Back

llenar

Front

to fill

Back

sin embargo

Front

However, nevertheless

Back

subraya

Front

underlines

Back

prestar

Front

to borrow

Back

reparar

Front

to fix

Back

resumir

Front

to summarize

Back

suceder

Front

to happen

Back

el sueldo

Front

salary

Back

volar

Front

to fly

Back

una media de

Front

an average of

Back

cortar

Front

to cut

Back

salúdala

Front

greet her

Back

la vida cotidiana

Front

everyday life

Back

ventaja

Front

advantage

Back

terminar

Front

to finish

Back

la rutina diaria

Front

daily routine

Back

caber

Front

to fit

Back

cancelar

Front

to cancel

Back

Section 7

(41 cards)

aclamar

Front

cheer

Back

la temporada

Front

the season (sports)

Back

las ciencias

Front

sciences

Back

el gobierno

Front

government

Back

los espectadores

Front

spectators

Back

el público

Front

crowd/public

Back

aplaudir

Front

to applaud

Back

el fanático

Front

fan

Back

la monarquía

Front

monarchy

Back

voy con...

Front

I'm for... / I cheer for...

Back

el paro

Front

unemployment

Back

la informática

Front

information technology

Back

marcar

Front

to score

Back

el reino

Front

kingdom

Back

el actor

Front

actor

Back

la medicina

Front

medicine (profession)

Back

el argumento

Front

plot

Back

la dictadura

Front

dictatorship

Back

el torneo

Front

tournament

Back

el comunismo

Front

communism

Back

el aplauso

Front

applause

Back

la huelga

Front

strike

Back

hacer el papel de

Front

to play the part of

Back

el entretenimiento

Front

entertainment

Back

¿por quién vas?

Front

who are you for?

Back

el cine

Front

cinema

Back

la producción

Front

production

Back

la educación

Front

education

Back

la democracia

Front

democracy

Back

el ocio

Front

leisure time

Back

las manifestaciones

Front

demonstrations

Back

el marcador

Front

the score

Back

el sector servicios

Front

service industry

Back

el campeonato

Front

championship

Back

el teatro

Front

theater

Back

el estadio

Front

stadium

Back

la actriz

Front

actress

Back

el socialismo

Front

socialism

Back

¿quién va?

Front

who's winning?

Back

las protestas

Front

protests

Back

los sectores

Front

sectors/industries

Back