Section 1

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Youth Criminal Justice Act

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Last updated

2 years ago

Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (60)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Youth Criminal Justice Act

Front

the current federal legislation dealing with youth criminals that became law in 2003

Back

precedent

Front

recorded decisions of judges

Back

conditional sentence

Front

a sentence for a crime of a term of less and 2 years that is served in the community if the offender meets certain conditions

Back

legal rights

Front

legal safeguards for your procedural rights in the criminal justice system

Back

remedy

Front

a method to enforce your rights in courts

Back

parole

Front

the release of an inmate into the community before the sentence has been fully served

Back

summary conviction offence

Front

a minor criminal offence that is tried in a provincial court

Back

mobility rights

Front

the right to enter, remain in, and leave Canada

Back

burden of proof

Front

the responsibility for proving a criminal case in court

Back

homicide

Front

the killing of another person, directly or indirectly

Back

alibi

Front

a defence that the accused was in a different place, not at the scene of the crime, when it took place

Back

group home

Front

a home with trained staff that houses several youth criminals for a set period for rehabilitation

Back

oath

Front

a promise to tell the truth

Back

duress

Front

forcing someone to do something by threatening harm

Back

victim impact statement

Front

a statement made by the victim outlining the impact of the offence

Back

plaintiff

Front

the person who sues in a civil action

Back

Young Offenders Act

Front

federal legislation that replaced the Juvenile Delinquents act in 1984

Back

soliciting

Front

communicating for the purposes of prostitution

Back

manslaughter

Front

killing another person by committing an unlawful act with only general intent

Back

complainant

Front

a person who makes an allegation of discrimination

Back

search warrant

Front

a document giving police the right to search a person's home

Back

battered woman syndrome

Front

used to describe a psychological condition caused by consistent and/or severe domestic violence

Back

common law

Front

a system of law from England based on common law

Back

Crown attorney

Front

counsel that represents society in a criminal trial

Back

suspended sentence

Front

a delayed sentence

Back

writ of habeas corpus

Front

the accused's opportunity to tell a judge about the arrest; must be held within 24 hours of the arrest

Back

citizen's arrest

Front

an arrest made by a regular citizen after witnessing a criminal act

Back

mens rea

Front

'guilty mind'

Back

fundamental freedoms

Front

include freedom of expression and freedom of religion

Back

detained

Front

to be kept in custody or temporarily confined

Back

Criminal Code

Front

the main source of criminal law in Canada

Back

circumstantial evidence

Front

indirect evidence

Back

incarceration

Front

imprisonment or confinement

Back

accommodation

Front

removing a barrier or changing a policy so crimination does not occur

Back

arbitration

Front

a process more formal than mediation for resolving disputes between persons through a third party

Back

perjury

Front

knowingly giving false evidence with the intent to mislead

Back

alternative measures program

Front

programs under the YOA for first-time, nonviolent offending youth

Back

hung jury

Front

a jury that cannot reach a unanimous decision

Back

pay equity

Front

equal payment for work of equal value

Back

lobby

Front

to seek to influence the government to make certain laws

Back

double jeopardy

Front

to be tried twice for the same offence

Back

respondent

Front

the person alleged to have committed an act of discrimination

Back

sequester

Front

to isolate a jury until members reach a decision

Back

entrapment

Front

a police action that encourages or aids a person to commit an offence

Back

NCR

Front

when a person who has committed a crime has a disease of the mind that made him/her incapable of appreciating the nature of the act or knowing the act was wrong

Back

hybrid offence

Front

an offence that the Crown can prosecute as either an indictable or summary offence

Back

restorative justice

Front

an approach to the law that emphasizes healing, forgiveness and community involvement

Back

Code of Hammurabi

Front

one of the earliest forms of written law

Back

break and enter

Front

to enter another's premises by breaking or opening anything that is closed

Back

actus reus

Front

'a wrongful decision'

Back

Section 2

(10 cards)

litigation

Front

the legal action to settle a civil dispute

Back

trespass

Front

to enter another person's property without consent or legal right

Back

slander

Front

defamation in oral form

Back

custody

Front

in family law, the care and control of a child awarded by the court

Back

annulment

Front

a court ruling that a relationship was never a marriage

Back

common law relationship

Front

a close relationship between two people who live together as a married couple but who are not legally married

Back

tort

Front

a wrong or injury that may be intentional or unintentional

Back

punitive damages

Front

money awarded to a plaintiff to punish the defendant for bad or uncaring behaviour

Back

libel

Front

defamation in written form

Back

injunction

Front

a court order ordering a person to do or not do something

Back