Chapter 05 Languages

Chapter 05 Languages

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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Isolated Language (p. 166)

Front

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Cards (21)

Section 1

(21 cards)

Isolated Language (p. 166)

Front

A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.

Back

Vulgar Latin (p. 155)

Front

A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.

Back

Language (p. 143)

Front

A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

Back

Franglais (p. 174)

Front

A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of francais and anglais, the French words for French and English, respectively.

Back

Extinct Language (p. 166)

Front

A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.

Back

Pidgin Language (p. 173)

Front

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages.

Back

Dialect (p. 158)

Front

A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.

Back

Spanglish (p. 174)

Front

A combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans.

Back

Denglish (p. 175

Front

A combination of German and English.

Back

Language Family (p. 143)

Front

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

Back

Language Branch (p. 143)

Front

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.

Back

Language Group (p. 143)

Front

A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.

Back

Official Language (p. 143)

Front

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

Back

Creole, or Creolized Language (p. 163)

Front

A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.

Back

Isogloss (p. 158)

Front

A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.

Back

Logogram (p. 146)

Front

A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound.

Back

Standard Language (p. 160)

Front

The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.

Back

Literary Tradition (p. 143)

Front

A language that is written as well as spoken.

Back

Lingua Franca (p. 172)

Front

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.

Back

Ebonics (p. 174)

Front

A dialect spoken by some African Americans.

Back

Received Pronunciation (RP) (p. 160)

Front

The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.

Back