Section 1

Preview this deck

Definition: study of word structure.

Front

Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%

0.0

0 reviews

5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0

Active users

0

All-time users

0

Favorites

0

Last updated

2 years ago

Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (40)

Section 1

(40 cards)

Definition: study of word structure.

Front

morphology

Back

Definition: becoming obsolete; passing out of use, as a word: an obsolescent term.

Front

obsolescent

Back

Definition: 1.When the meaning of a word is extended to cover a similar or related idea. 2. When a word is broadened to include a related concept

Front

generalization

Back

Definition: Characters or symbols of an ancient Germanic alphabet, derived from the Roman alphabet, in use, esp in Scandinavia, from the 3rd century ad to the end of the Middle Ages. Each character was believed to have a magical significance

Front

runic symbols

Back

Nice This word was derived from the Latin word nescio - "I do not know." Nice meant silly or ignorant when borrowed into English. Through the phrase "a nice distinction" , it came to mean precise (exact). Today it means pleasing and friendly. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

d. amelioration

Back

Beef. The Old French word boeuf, meaning ox, was borrowed into Anglo Saxon as beef, the meat of an ox. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

b. generalization

Back

Definition: Words that pass our of common use but are still used in literature and poetry because it preserves the flavor of a period

Front

Archaic words

Back

Definition: study of sentence structure

Front

syntax

Back

High-minded. As used in the Bible, it means haughty or proud. Today's meaning is noble in thought or sentiment. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

d. amelioration

Back

Suffixes go ____________ a word a. before b. after

Front

after

Back

T or F: (<) The less than sign means derived from or taken from

Front

True EX: ducat [<Middle French<Italian ducato, ultimately < Latin ducem leader (because it bore the title of the ruler issuing it]

Back

Naughty. As used in the Bible and Shakespeare, it means evil ("So shines a good deed in a naughty world"). Today it means mischievous or disobedient. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

d. amelioration

Back

Prefixes go __________ a word a. before b. after

Front

before

Back

Definition: A word or expression that is newly created

Front

Coined word

Back

Definition: Words borrowed from other languages where sounds or combination of sounds that do not occur in English, are eliminated.

Front

Anglicize

Back

T or F: Dialects can become so different from one another and from the original language that they are considered new languages.

Front

True

Back

Definition: a word in one language that has been borrowed from another language and usually naturalized

Front

loan word

Back

Definition: The process by which a word becomes more respectable or its meaning more pleasant.

Front

amelioration

Back

Definition: Differences in speech patterns of any two groups speaking the same language that have been separated by distance or social change.

Front

dialect

Back

What are two types of affixes?

Front

prefix and suffix

Back

Definition: When the meaning of a word becomes more specific

Front

specialization

Back

Definition: The process by which a word becomes disreputable or less pleasing

Front

pejoration

Back

Definition: A word that can have a prefix or a suffix added to it. When a prefix or suffix is added, the word's meaning changes and a new word is formed.

Front

base word

Back

Definition: 1. The study of the meanings of words and phrases in language 2. The meanings of words and phrases in a particular context

Front

semantic

Back

T or F: Most dictionaries give in parentheses the name of the language or languages from which the word has come. ex: book (Old English boc)

Front

False brackets are used ex: book [Old English boc]

Back

Definition: Spelling and/or pronunciation with one symbol for one sound

Front

phonetic

Back

Definition: an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning. Ex: The word "discipline" has unhappy connotations of punishment and repression

Front

connotations

Back

Definition: Harsh, throaty sounds

Front

guttural

Back

Doom. The original meaning was judgment, whether favorable or unfavorable. The sense of condemnation prevailed, making doom synonymous with destruction. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

c. pejoration

Back

Chairman At medieval conferences the only man privileged to sit in a chair was the one in authority. Today chairman means one who presides over a meeting. This is an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

b. generalization

Back

Definition: a word that means the same or nearly the same as another word

Front

synonym Ex: again, anew, repeatedly

Back

Definition: a method of spelling, as by the use of an alphabet or other system of symbols; spelling.

Front

orthography

Back

Noble 1. The noun word for noble means a person of noble birth or rank or an aristocrat. From the Latin word: nobilis which means well known. 2. The adjective word for noble means illustrious or morally superior. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

b. generalization

Back

Definition: Word origins

Front

etymology

Back

Imbecile. The original meaning was feeble-bodied, now it means feeble-minded. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

b. generalization

Back

Definition: Units of meanings - words, bases, affixes and inflections

Front

morphemes

Back

Definition: a word having the same sound as another, but a different meaning.

Front

homonym ex, to, too, two

Back

Propaganda Originally it meant a system for propagating (spreading) religious doctrines, then later it was used to mean any kind of ideas. As used today, it generally means the dissemination of political opinions for the purpose of biasing judgment. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

c. pejoration

Back

Rent In English it means income from property. The word rent comes from the Latin word reddita which means things which are returned. The original French word Rente, meant income. This this an example of: a. Specialization b. Generalization c. Pejoration d. Amelioration

Front

a. specialization

Back

T or F: Living languages, like the cultures of which they are a part of, are constantly evolving.

Front

True

Back