1. A relationship from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) that assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. 2. The action or actions that an item is designed to perform.

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increasing function

Front

A graph that has a positive slope and shows growth

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extrema

Front

The maximum and minimum values of a function.

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equation

Front

A mathematical sentence that contains an equal sign

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term

Front

A number, a variable, or the product of a number and a variable

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x coordinate

Front

1st number of an ordered pair

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y axes

Front

on a coordinate what is always the second number?
vertical placement

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order of operations

Front

the order in which operations in an expression to be evaluated are carried out. 1. parentheses 2. exponets 3. multiplication and divison 4. addition and subtraction

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nonlinear function

Front

is a function whose graph is not a line or part of a line.

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decreasing function

Front

A graph that has a negative slope and shows decay

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simplest form

Front

an expression that contains no like terms or parenthesis

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relation

Front

A set of ordered pairs

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origin

Front

the point where the axes intersect

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coefficient

Front

A number multiplied by a variable in an algebraic expression.

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reciprocal

Front

The multiplicative inverse
One of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2

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negative function

Front

On a graph Lies below the x-axis

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set

Front

collection of objects or numbers that is shown using brackets

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x axes

Front

on a coordinate what is always the first number?
horizontal placement

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relative maximum

Front

A point on the graph of a function where no other nearby points have a greater y-coordinate.

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line of symmetry

Front

an imaginary line that divides an image into two halves, thereby causing one half to be the reflection of the other

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multiplicative identity

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5 x 1 = 5

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function notation

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use the symbol f(x) in place of y

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domain

Front

Set of all x-values, (independent)

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dependent variable

Front

y values, range, depends on another value

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independent variable

Front

x values, domain

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continuous function

Front

A function whose graph is an unbroken line or smooth curve with no gaps or breaks.

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positive function

Front

On graph lies above x- axis

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coordinate plane

Front

A coordinate system formed by the intersection of a horizontal number line, called the x-axis, and a vertical number line, called the y-axis.

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multiplicative inverse

Front

The reciprocal
One of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2

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ordered pair

Front

a pair of numbers used to locate a point on the coordinate plane.

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additive identity

Front

a + 0 = a

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like terms

Front

Expressions that contain the same variables to the same power

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evaluate

Front

Finding the value of an expression

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variable

Front

A symbol used to represent a quantity that can change

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equivalent expression

Front

Expressions that have the same value.

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solution

Front

a number that makes an equation true

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element

Front

each object or number in a set

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y-intercept

Front

The point where the graph crosses the y-axis

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algebraic expression

Front

A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and sometimes numbers and operation symbols.

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y coordinate

Front

2nd number of an ordered pair.

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identity

Front

an equation that is true for every value of the variable

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mapping

Front

Illustrates how each element of the domain is paired with an element in the range.

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x-intercept

Front

The point where the graph crosses the x-axis

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end behavior

Front

The behavior of the graph as x approaches positive infinity or negative infinity.

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power

Front

exponent value

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relative minimum

Front

A point on the graph of a function where no other nearby points have a lesser y-coordinate.

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vertical line test

Front

If any vertical line passes through more than one point of the graph, then the relation is not a function

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intercept

Front

where a graph crosses an x or y axis

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coordinate system

Front

A graph with a horizontal number line (x-axis) and a vertical number line (y-axis) that are perpendicular to each other. The point of intersection is called the origin and labeled 0 on the graph. An ordered pair (x,y) is used to name a point on a coordinate system.