Section 1

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Besides his musical achievements, Mendelssohn was a

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (76)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Besides his musical achievements, Mendelssohn was a

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1. talented painter. 2. fine writer. 3. brilliant conversationalist in four languages

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The ____________ is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane.

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passamezzo

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The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly

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Polyphonic

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The "king of ragtime" is acknowledged to be

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Scott Joplin

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Striking a group of adjacent keys on a piano with the fist or forearm will result in

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a tone cluster

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A collection of compositions that displays all the resources of fugue writing is Johann Sebastian Bach's

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Art of the Fugue

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The solo instruments in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the ____________, violin, and harpsichord.

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flute

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Neoclassical composers modeled many of their works after the compositions of

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Js Bach

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The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the

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Tonic

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The poetic and musical form of the blues was popularized in the early years of the twentieth century through the publication of Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues, composed by

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William C. Handy

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The most important form of classical chamber music is the

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string quartet

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The German master _____________ recommended DvoYák's music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of DvoYák's fame.

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Johannes Brahms

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Instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called _______ music.

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Program

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A folk-like, guitar-based style associated with rural white Americans is known as

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country and western

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The typical form of a swing composition is

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32bar AABA

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The double bass in the classical orchestra, as in Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, usually

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doubles the cello part an octave lower.

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Tchaikovsky participated as a conductor in a concert inaugurating

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Carnegie Hall

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Which of the following was not among the leading performers of rhythm and blues in the 1950s?

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Aretha Franklin

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Dynamics in music refers to

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volume (how loud or how soft)

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The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

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fast, slow, dance-related, fast

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The melody added to the Gregorian chant to form organum around 1100 was usually ______________ the original chant.

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more independent and moved in shorter notes than

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Many of the bands in the second British invasion (1980s) used electronic technology and often featured

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outlandish costumes

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The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except

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naturalistic

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A Cappella

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without musical accompaniment

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The ______ is similar in shape to the trumpet, but its tone is more mellow.

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Cornet

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The French secular songs of the Middle Ages usually dealt with

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spinning, the Crusades, and love

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Movie soundtracks can contain

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Original music and previously existing compositions

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A symphony is a

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sonata for orchestra

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Terpsichore, a collection of over 300 dance tunes, was arranged for instrumental ensemble by

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Michael Praetorius.

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In the Middle Ages the organ

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gradually evolved into a flexible instrument that could play intricate polyphonic music

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The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called

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pitch

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A jazz sound results from

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A jazz sound results from Its variety of pitch inflections, the type of vibrato employed, and the particular way tones are attacked and released.

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Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina's

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one of the greatest composers of the late Renaissance

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A dissonance is a combination of tones that

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is considered unstable and tense

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Bach's personal musical style was drawn from

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Italian concertos, French dance pieces, and the German Church

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Since the 1960's most film music is composed by

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freelance musicians

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Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as

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Exoticism

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Treemonisha is a(n) _______________ by Scott Joplin.

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opera

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One of the leading figures in the history of jazz, and the composer of such compositions as Black, Brown, and Beige and Sophisticated Lady, is

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Duke Ellington

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Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

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symphonic poem

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During the last few years, moviegoers have

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have taken a greater interest in film music

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Slaughter on Tenth Avenue, the ballet used in the climax of On Your Toes, was choreographed by

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George Balanchine

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Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they

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do not contain a string section

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A classical concerto is a three-movement work for

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3 movements (fast, slow, fast)

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The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed during the

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the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

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A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was

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Franz Liszt

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The piano trio is a musical composition for

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violin, cello, and piano.

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Porgy and Bess is a(n)

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Opera

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Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable relationship with the noble Hungarian family of

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Esterhazy

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An important trend of the 1980s was

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World Music

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Section 2

(26 cards)

Modulation refers to

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a shift from one key to another within the same composition.

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Name three woodwind instruments.

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Saxophone, French horn, oboe

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The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by

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Richard Wagner

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The saxophone is

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a single reed woodwind instrument

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Name one of the two giants of Baroque composition.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

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Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104

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symphonies

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Schoenberg's third period, in which he developed the twelve-tone system, began around

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1921

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Name two percussion instruments.

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drums and cymbols

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Name one of the three Classical composers.

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Joseph Haydn or Beethoven

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Name any two 20th Century composers

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Benjamin Britten, Charles Ives

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In 1921 Copland went to France, where he was the first American to study composition with

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Nadia Boulanger

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Webern's Five Pieces for Orchestra are scored for

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a chamber orchestra of 18 soloist

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The early baroque was characterized by

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homophonic texture.

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Baroque painters exploited their materials to expand the potential of ____________ to create totally structured worlds.

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color, depth, and detail, contrast

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In many fugues, the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another voice by a different melodic idea called a(n)

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Countersubject

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Typical in classical music, the string bass part in Mozart's Eine Kleine Nachtmusik

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sounds an octave lower than the cello part.

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Name two brass instruments.

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Trumpet and Trombone

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Turning the subject of a fugue upside down, or reversing the direction of each interval, is called

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inversion

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A chant that is used as the basis for polyphony is known as

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cantus firmus

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Sergei Diaghilev was the director of the

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ballet impresario

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The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and

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Heinrich Heine.

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Although all the movements of a baroque suite are in the same key, they differ in

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meter, national origin, and tempo

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The Renaissance ballett is a

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Performance Dance Originates in the Italian Courts

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Name three string instruments.

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Violin, Viola, Chello

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The Beatles were influenced by many different styles, but not by

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-Chuck berry, Elvis presley, and bob dylan -american r&b & r& -middle period

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Define p and f.

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Piano and Forte

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