AP English Language Study Set

AP English Language Study Set

memorize.aimemorize.ai (lvl 286)
Section 1

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Euphemism

Front

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Cards (48)

Section 1

(48 cards)

Euphemism

Front

A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable. "He went to his final reward" is a common euphemis for "he died." These phrases are also often used to obscure the reality of a situation. The military uses "collateral damage" to indicate civil deaths in a military operation.

Back

Cacophony

Front

Harsh or discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work.

Back

Hyperbole

Front

Extreme exaggeration, often humorous, it can also be ironic; the opposite of an understatement.

Back

Attitude

Front

The relationship an author has toward his or her subject, and/or his or her audience.

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Inference

Front

A conclusion one can draw from the presented details.

Back

Extended Metaphor

Front

A sustained comparison, often referred to as a conceit. The extended metaphor is developed throughout a piece of writing.

Back

Antithesis

Front

The presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by words, phrase, clause or paragraph. "To be or not to be..." "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for you country..."

Back

Conflict

Front

A clash between opposing forces in a literary work, such as man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. god, man vs. self.

Back

Monologue

Front

A speech given by a one character

Back

Anecdote

Front

A story or brief example told by the writer or character to illustrate a point.

Back

Figurative Language

Front

The body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one. It includes metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, etc.

Back

Ad Hominem

Front

In an argument, an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against man."

Back

Invective

Front

Verbally abusive attack

Back

Didactic

Front

Writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach. A didactic work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns.

Back

Argument

Front

A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and defended by the writer.

Back

Onomatopoeia

Front

Words that sound like the sound they represent (gurgle, hiss, pop).

Back

Balance

Front

A situation in which all parts of the presentation are equal, whether in sentences or paragraphs or sections of a longer work.

Back

Metaphor

Front

A direct comparison between dissimilar things (Your eyes are stars).

Back

Metonymy

Front

A figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea ("The pen is mightier than the sword")

Back

Pacing

Front

The movement of a literary piece from one point or section to another.

Back

Logic

Front

The process of reasoning

Back

Alliteration

Front

The repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as the "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"

Back

Flashback

Front

A device that enables a writer to refer to past thoughts, events, or episodes.

Back

Antecedant

Front

The word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers (he, it, she, them, they, etc). The AP English Language and Composition exam often expects you to identify the antecedent in a passage.

Back

Euphony

Front

The pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work.

Back

Imagery

Front

A verbal approximation of a sensory impression, concept, or emotion (description using any of the 5 senses).

Back

Exposition

Front

Background information presented in a literary work.

Back

Epigraph

Front

The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme. Hemingway begins The Sun Also Rises with two epigraphs. One of them is "You are all a lost generation" by Gertude Stein.

Back

Colloquial

Front

The use of slang in writing, often to create local color and to provide an informal tone.

Back

Analogy

Front

A literary device employed to serve as a basis for comparison. It is assumed that what applies to the parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance. In other words, it is the comparison between two different items.

Back

Alagory

Front

a work that functions on a symbolic level

Back

Comic Relief

Front

The inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event.

Back

Deduction

Front

The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example.

Back

Connotation

Front

The interpretive level of a word based on its associated images rather than its literal meaning.

Back

Dialect

Front

The re-creation of regional spoken language, such as a Souther dialect. Zora Neal Hurston uses this in such works as Their Eyes Were Watching God.

Back

Denotation

Front

The literal or dictionary meaning of a word.

Back

Parable

Front

A story that operates on more than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson.

Back

Oxymoron

Front

An image of contradictory terms (bitter-sweet, pretty ugly, jumbo shrimp).

Back

Irony

Front

An unexpected twist or contract between what happens and what was intended or expected to happen. It involves dialog and situation and can be intentional or unplanned. Dramatic irony centers around the ignorance of those involved; whereas, the audience is aware of the circumstances.

Back

Character

Front

Those who carry out the action of the plot in literature. Major, minor, static (unchanging), and dynamic (changing) are types of characters.

Back

Induction

Front

The process that moves from a given series of specifics to a broad generalization.

Back

Narrator

Front

The speaker of a literary work.

Back

Abstract

Front

Refers to language that describes concepts (ideas) rather than concrete images

Back

Ellipsis

Front

An indication by a series of three periods that some material has been omitted from a given text. It could be a word, a phrase, a sentence, a paragraph, or a whole section. Be wary of the ellipsis; it could obscure the real meaning of the piece of writing.

Back

Pathos

Front

Back

Allusion

Front

A reference to another literary work.

Back

Logical Fallacy

Front

A mistake in reasoning

Back

Parody

Front

A comic situation of a work that ridicules the original It can be utterly mocking or gently humorous. It depends on allusion and exaggerates and distorts the original style and content.

Back