Saxon Algebra 1 Vocabulary

Saxon Algebra 1 Vocabulary

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Section 1

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octagon

Front

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Cards (147)

Section 1

(50 cards)

octagon

Front

An eight-sided polygon

Back

quadrilateral

Front

A four-sided polygon.

Back

obtuse angle

Front

An angle that is larger than a right angle but less than a straight angle.

Back

equiangular triangle

Front

A triangle in which the measure of all angles are equal.

Back

pi

Front

The exact numberof times the diameter of circle will go around the circle, which is approximately 3.14.

Back

right triangle

Front

A triangle that has a right angle.

Back

perimeter

Front

The measure (or distance) around a polygon.

Back

rectangle

Front

A parallelogram with four right angles.

Back

Polygon

Front

Poly = more than one Gonon = angle a simple, closed, flat geometric figure whose sides are line segments.

Back

straight angle

Front

Two right angles form a straight angle.

Back

negative number

Front

Any number less than zero.

Back

dodecagon

Front

A twelve-sided polygon.

Back

radius

Front

The distance from the center of a circle to any point on the circle.

Back

scalene triangle

Front

A triangle in which none of the sides are equal in length.

Back

trapezoid

Front

A quadrilateral that has exactly two parallel sides.

Back

isosceles triangle

Front

A triangle that has at least two sides of equal length.

Back

acute angle

Front

An angle that is smaller than a right angle.

Back

perpendicular

Front

Two lines that make a square corner at the point of intersection.

Back

real number

Front

All negative or positive numbers and zero.

Back

positive number

Front

Any number greater than zero.

Back

acute triangle

Front

A triangle in which all angles measure less than 90 degrees.

Back

convex polygon

Front

Any polygon that does not have an indentation.

Back

undeagon

Front

An eleven-sided polygon.

Back

zero

Front

Used to describe a physical distance of no magnitude or an empty set.

Back

natural (or counting) numbers

Front

Numbers that are used to count objects or things.

Back

square

Front

A rhombus with four right angles.

Back

pentagon

Front

A five-sided polygon.

Back

diameter

Front

The radius of a circle times two.

Back

heptagon

Front

A seven-sided polygon.

Back

irrational number

Front

A number with an infinite number of digits after the decimal point.

Back

concave polygon

Front

A polygon with an indentation (or cave).

Back

mixed number

Front

The sum of a whole number and a fraction.

Back

regular polygon

Front

A polygon in which all segments have the same length and all angles have the same measure.

Back

triangle

Front

A three-sided polygon.

Back

equilateral triangle

Front

A triangle in which the length of all sides are equal.

Back

decimal system

Front

The system of numeration that is used to designate numbers.

Back

vertex

Front

The endpoint of each segment in a polygon.

Back

side

Front

Each segment of a polygon.

Back

equilateral polygon

Front

A polygon in which all segments (or sides) are the same length.

Back

equiangular polygon

Front

A polygon in which all angles have the same measure.

Back

right angle

Front

The angle made by perpendicular lines.

Back

180 degrees

Front

The sum of measures of the three angles in any triangle is 180 degrees.

Back

rhombus

Front

An equilateral parallelogram.

Back

obtuse triangle

Front

A triangle in which one the angles measures more than 90 degrees.

Back

decagon

Front

A ten-sided polygon.

Back

circumference

Front

The perimeter of a circle.

Back

nonagon

Front

A nine-sided polygon.

Back

hexagon

Front

A six-sided polygon.

Back

parallelogram

Front

A quadrilateral that has two pairs of parallel sides.

Back

point of intersection

Front

The point where two lines cross.

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

Volume of a rectangular prism

Front

V=lwh

Back

factor

Front

The numbers in a multiplication problem.

Back

area of a rectangle

Front

A= length x width

Back

opposite of a number

Front

on a number line, a number that is the same distance away from zero in the other direction

Back

area of a circle

Front

A = πr²

Back

quotient

Front

The result of a division problem.

Back

Volume of a sphere

Front

V = 4/3πr³

Back

Volume of a cylinder

Front

V=πr²h

Back

area of a square

Front

A= side²

Back

Surface Area of a Triangular Prism

Front

SA = lw + 2ls + wh

Back

equation

Front

an algebraic statement consisting of two expressions connected with an = sign

Back

Surface area of a cube

Front

6s²

Back

Area of a trapezoid

Front

A=1/2h(b1+b2)

Back

absolute value

Front

In reference to a number, the positive number that describes the distance on a number line of the graph of the number from the origin.

Back

Surface Area of a Circular Cone

Front

SA = πr² + πrl

Back

Surface Area of a Regular Pyramid

Front

S=B+1/2Pl where B is the area of the base, P is the perimeter of the base, and l is the slant height

Back

minuend

Front

The first number in a subtraction problem.

Back

unit multipliers

Front

Fractions used to change the units of a measurement.

Back

square unit

Front

a square with sides one unit long.

Back

Volume of a pyramid

Front

V=1/3Bh

Back

positive real number

Front

Any number that can be used to describe a physical distance greater than zero.

Back

Surface Area of a Cylinder

Front

SA=2πr²+2πrh

Back

difference

Front

The result of subtraction problem.

Back

dividend

Front

The first number in a division problem.

Back

Surface area of a rectangular prism

Front

SA = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh

Back

Circumference of a circle

Front

C=2πr

Back

fraction

Front

A division problem represent as such: 3/4.

Back

product

Front

The result of a multiplication problem.

Back

Volume of a cube

Front

V=s³ or L x W x H

Back

Area of a parallelogram

Front

A=bh

Back

four basic math operations

Front

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

Back

sum

Front

The result of an addition problem.

Back

Volume of a triangular prism

Front

V = (1/2) L x W x H

Back

Surface area of a sphere

Front

4πr²

Back

denominator

Front

The number that is on the bottom in a fraction.

Back

algebraic addition

Front

If a and b are real numbers, then a - b = a +(-b)

Back

divisor

Front

The second number in a division problem.

Back

lateral Surface Area of a Circular Cone

Front

LSA = πrl

Back

numerator

Front

The number that is on top in a fraction.

Back

Volume of a circular cone

Front

V = 1/3 πr₂h

Back

absolute value of zero

Front

zero

Back

Lateral surface area of a cylinder

Front

2πrh

Back

subtrahend

Front

The second number in a subtraction problem.

Back

area of a triangle

Front

A= 1/2bh

Back

signed numbers

Front

Numbers designated as either negative or positive by prefixing the number with either a (-) or a (+).

Back

Volume of a sphere

Front

V=4/3πr³

Back

set

Front

Designates a well-defined collection of numbers.

Back

lateral surface area of a regular pyramid

Front

Sum of the areas of it's lateral faces LSA = 1/2pl p=perimeter l= slant height

Back

addend

Front

Each number in an addition problem.

Back

negative real number

Front

Any number that can be used to describe the negative counterpart of a positive real number.

Back

Section 3

(47 cards)

cubed root

Front

One of three equal factors whose product equals the given number

Back

polynomial

Front

expression of more than 2 algebraic terms with different powers of the same variable An expression that can have constants (like 4) variables (like x or y) and exponents (like the 2 in y2) that can be combined using addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Back

Trinomial

Front

A polynomial with three terms

Back

power

Front

a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

Back

additive inverse

Front

every real number has an opposite that when combines makes it equal to 0 (2.56 . . . . -2.56)

Back

inequality

Front

Two or more expressions connected by ≠ < or >

Back

factoring

Front

writing sums as the product of factors

Back

Monomial

Front

an expression with only one term

Back

consecutive integers

Front

integers in counting order

Back

Scientific Notation

Front

expression of a number multiplied by a power of 10 whereas the base number is written as a value between 1-10

Back

Radical

Front

a symbol which represents the square root of a number.

Back

variable

Front

a letter used to represent a number

Back

( )

Front

parenthesis

Back

Rules for terms

Front

•numerical coefficients of like terms can be combined

Back

{ }

Front

braces

Back

undefined

Front

any expression ÷ 0 (5/0)

Back

Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Front

product of all prime factors common to each term, to the highest power that it occurs in all of the terms. (used for factoring)Steps: Factor to prime/use each similar factor least number of times

Back

real numbers

Front

inclusive set of all numbers (counting, whole, rational & irrational)

Back

proportion

Front

A statement that two ratios are equal. To solve one, cross multiply.

Back

Trichotomy Axiom

Front

For any two real numbers a and b, exactly one of the following is true (a) The first number is greater than the second number. a > b (b) The first number is equal to the second number. a = b (c) The first number is less than the second number. a < b

Back

binomial

Front

a polynomial with two terms

Back

equality

Front

two expressions that are equal connected by an = sign

Back

Steps for Factoring

Front

•GCF •Trinomial (foil method) •Difference of perfect squares: a²−b² factors to (a+b)(a−b) •Difference of cubes: b³-8 = (b−2)(b²+2b+4) •Perfect square: x²−6x+9 = (x−3)²

Back

Rules for Equations

Front

•additive property of equality (+/- both sides) •multiplicative property of equality (x/÷ both sides) •common factors cancel

Back

counting numbers

Front

{ 1, 2, 3, 4, ....} also called natural numbers

Back

Ratio

Front

shows a relationship between two things,

Back

square root

Front

One of two equal factors whose product equals the given number

Back

Exponent

Front

a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

Back

[ ]

Front

brackets

Back

integers

Front

Positive and negative whole numbers {..., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, ....}

Back

rational numbers

Front

number expressible as a ratio of whole numbers(can include fractions, decimals and square roots with finite results)

Back

prime factor

Front

Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime

Back

base

Front

the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication

Back

coefficient

Front

a number (numerical ) or letter (literal) which proceeds other factors in an expression

Back

Commutative Property

Front

addition: a + b = b + a multiplication: a x b = b x a

Back

whole numbers

Front

{ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4....}

Back

quadratic equations

Front

equations that are second degree polynomial equations.

Back

term

Front

a single entity that represents or has the value of a number {4 x xy xy/p}

Back

multiplicative inverse

Front

every real number has a reciprocal that when combined makes it equal to 1 (3 . . . 1/3)

Back

constant

Front

a quantity whose value does not change

Back

Slope Intercept

Front

y = mx + b

Back

inverse operations

Front

opposite operations: addition/subtraction multiplication/division

Back

least common multiple (LCM)

Front

smallest number that can be divided evenly by each of a group of numbers (used for common denominators)Steps: Factor to prime/use each factor greatest number of times

Back

expression

Front

one or more symbols that represents a single numerical value (algebraic/numerical)

Back

root

Front

one of the equal factors whose product equals the number

Back

irrational numbers

Front

number not expressible as a ration of whole numbers(includes: π, square root of 2, etc...)

Back

Exponential Notation

Front

expression of a number multiplied by a power of 10

Back