Section 1

Preview this deck

Christaine Taubira

Front

Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%
Star 0%

0.0

0 reviews

5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0

Active users

0

All-time users

0

Favorites

0

Last updated

1 year ago

Date created

Mar 14, 2020

Cards (58)

Section 1

(50 cards)

Christaine Taubira

Front

"Loi nº 2013-404": same-sex marriage law; strong endorsement by Minister of Justice Christiane Taubira. - National Assembly, 331-225; Senate, 171-165; into law 18 May 2013. - 1 st same sex marriage 29 May 2013. -troubleshooter for rights and justice -first black candidate

Back

"just enough" Lagom

Front

moderation; "there is virtue in moderation"; Vikings & drinking just enough from the communal bowl or horn.

Back

Dutch Menu approach to legalize adult pair bonds

Front

Marriage (Religious or Civil) Registered partnership Cohabitation agreement Non-contracting cohabitation

Back

Fairuz (Youtube)

Front

-lebanese singer, among most popular singers in the Arab world -Eastern Orthodox Christian -sings to describe beauty, freedom, and peace of lebanon

Back

Rafic Harir

Front

He largely dominated the political scene after the Civil War. He was Assassinated in 2005 and the UN started the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Accusations about who was responsible. Syria was then facing pressure from the international community and withdrew from Lebanon.

Back

Nationalism

Front

Strong identification of a group of people with a nation

Back

Johann Gottlieb Fichtet

Front

One of the fathers of German Nationalism and German Idealism. He addresses the German Nation and inspired opposition to Napoleon. He includes anti-semitism in his writing, "Jewish people cannot be free German citizens".

Back

Zionism

Front

-Jewish nationalist movement with a goal of the creation and support of a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews

Back

European corporatism

Front

-political parties -state bureaucracy -corporations and business -unions +media

Back

Kahlil Gibran - "You Have Your Lebanon, I Have My Lebanon" (pdf)

Front

-spiritual and humanists man of letters and arts -from Lebanon but much of life spent in US -focuses on the rich history and contrasts it with the violence

Back

Dugnad

Front

The meaning of Dugnad is unpaid voluntary useful community work, the literal translation is "let's do it together". It started 5000 years ago where everyone does civic work to engage in community cleaning and repairing, after there is a celebration; this creates a strong sense of community. Examples: fixing potholes, mow the common lawn, plant flowers in the community, arrange a local flea market. Also: help w/ kindergarten, decorate school, help w/ school soccer team or band. With dugnad: no one to be worse off than before dugnad started. Recall: Norway among poorest European countries at beginning of 20th century. After dugnad, have a celebratory meal; get together to have cakes or waffles & have coffee. - Get to know neighbors better, foster stronger community. Dugnadsånd: spirit of will to work together for a better community. In Oslo & urban settings: joint ownership of apartment building, have shared responsibilities. Limits: no major work in government maintained areas.

Back

Otto von Bismarck

Front

Conservative Prussian politican, he was one of the greatest politician-diplomat in the 19th century and was called the "Iron Chancellor".Minister President of Prussia 1862-1890 and German Chancellor from 1871-1890. He valued willpower, loyalty, honesty, and perseverance.

Back

Nazi rise to power (plus pdf)

Front

-Nazi Germany (1933-45) Nazi Party (1919) -President Hinderburg appointed him as an attempt to manipulate him -growing public support for Nazi party, eventually majority of seats -posters bribed with work and food and guilted with "300 national socialists died for you" -from 55 members in 1919 to over 8,000,000 in 1945 -hitler's foundations for authority: popularity, force, tradition -theories of racial and social hygiene, along with longstanding anti-semitism

Back

Leni Reigenstah and "Triumph of the Will"

Front

Leni Reigenstah was the director of "Triumph of the Will", deemed the greatest propaganda film of all time, that showed the power of the Nazi party and Hitler himself. This film was a pioneer in many film techniques. It is illegal to publicly show this film in Germany, due to the reminder of Germany's popular support for the Nazi party.

Back

French Gender Parity Law

Front

Lawmakers in France passed a bill last year that will require an equal number of women and men candidates on nearly all election ballots. The new measure goes further than any other in the world to ensure equal representation of men and women in politics, and is a surprising leap forward, considering French women only earned the right to vote in 1944.

Back

"Jante Law" (Jantelagen)

Front

Definition of the principle is, modesty, humility, self-restraint; fairness & equality.

Back

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Front

Goethe was a German Romantic writer who promoted the idea of German Nationalism.

Back

The Holocaust

Front

-systematic extermination of Jews by the Nazi's -525000 Jews as of 1933 -⅓ left before Kristallnacht in 1938, ⅓ left in the 10 months after -out of 164000 remaining in 1941, 123000 died in concentration camps

Back

State

Front

A state is an organized political community living under a government; notion of sovereignty

Back

Michel Sardou

Front

"To Be A Women" (Youtube) -women seen as sex symbols, emphasis on looks "Muslim Women" (Youtube) -popular male vocalist, songs about women -mistreatment of Muslim women -focus on Middle Eastern setting with references to Lebanon and Sanaa -songs are rich and provocative

Back

Olaf Palme

Front

The Prime Minister of Sweden in the 70's and leader of the Social Democratic party in the 80's. He was a proponent of Social Justice and helped with the new parliamentary democracy constitution to create job security and wealth redistribution. Prime Minister , 1969-76, 1982-86; leader, Social Democratic Party. Major proponent of social justice; new parliamentary democracy constitution; bolstered job security, and w/ ambitious redistributive program. Controversial; loved & hated. Unsolved Feb. 28, 1986 assassination. Expanding & fine-tuning social justice. - Employment security; safety in the workplace; increasingly efficient healthcare; end rural poverty (expanded housing); child care & protection of elderly; gender equality, sexual education & liberation. Centralized wage agreements. Union power (w/ SDP). High taxes. Environmental protection. - Move from fossil fuels (to nuclear power). Foreign policy neutrality. Paradox: upper-class, conservative family origins vis- à-vis championing of trade unions & working class. Impact of experiences in the Third World and travel & study in the U.S. - Kenyon College graduate (honors thesis on the UAW & Walter Reuther); inspired by U.S. workers movement. "The U.S. made me a socialist." - Reaction to U.S. deep economic inequality & racial segregation. Non-alignment, w/ support of Third World liberation movements. - Critic of both U.S. and Soviet foreign policy. - Critic of such authoritarian regimes as those of Spain, S. Africa, and Czechoslovakia.

Back

The Haskalah (pdf)

Front

-Jewish enlightenment from 1770s-1880s, reform movement in Europe, inspired by european enlightenment -encouraged Jews to study secular subjects, learn European and Hebrew languages, enter fields of agriculture, crafts, the arts and science -tried to assimilate into European society in dress, language, manners and loyalty to the ruling power -The Haskalah created the first Hebrew literature and also the first secular Yiddish literature. It spawned a Jewish press in Hebrew, Yiddish and Russian. It marked the transition of Jews from commercial jobs to labor jobs, specifically agriculture. It also began a system of secular and Judaic education that has influenced the Jewish world until today

Back

Master August Palm

Front

A tailor and newspaper editor who was a social activist and a venerated figure of the labor and trade union movement. He delivered 1st socialist speech in Sweden. He believed that the working class is competent enough to look after their own interests, also he attacks the "boogeyman" quality of attacks on socialism. Swedish socialist activist & venerated figure of the labor & trade union movement. - His trade as a tailor. - "Socialist socialization" in England, Germany, and Denmark (1870's). [Later goes to U.S., 1900.] - Delivered 1st socialist speech ever given in Sweden (1881). - Newspaper editor. - Witty, energetic, entertaining public figure. • Famous speech: "What do the Socialists want?" - Contends working class competent to look after its own interests. • Attacks "boogeyman" quality of attacks on Socialism.

Back

"the peoples home"

Front

"The People's Home" focuses on free education at all levels and free healthcare for all. There is a call for a replacement of traditional class society with a society stressing equality and emphasis on citizen's wellbeing. - Per Albin Hansson (1885-1946; Prime Minister, 1932-46). - Replace traditional class society w/ a society stressing equality & mutual understanding; emphasis on citizens' wellbeing. - Focus on free education (all levels), free healthcare (for all). - Parliamentary legislation + reformist social corporatism [+ neutrality] = "Swedish model." - Develop "a socially conscious society with financial security for all" (Hansson).

Back

voXXclub (youtube)

Front

-musical band, flash mobs -6 German men from germany, austria, switzerland

Back

Dutch elite accommodationist political norms

Front

Politics are serious discussion (not games) Consensus, compromise, agreement to disagree Summit diplomacy Proportionality, delegation of discussion to pillars

Back

Lionel Jospin and French "Dream Team"

Front

-prime minister, troubleshooter involved women in his government, coalition partners, experienced administrators

Back

Richard Wagner-German Nationalism

Front

-musical icon, pro anti-semitism (1800s) -famous for his "music drama" based off of Greek tragedies -Hitler related his music to understanding National Socialism -coined "Jewish problem" and "final solution" -believed in nationalism including: romanticism, emotionalism, the primeval, the inner human being, drama, religion, etc. -thinking<feeling, titillating senses, ego and confidence -"no place for Jewish music or culture in German speaking civilization", destructive to German's -informal ban is Israel since 1938 about public performance of his music

Back

Scandinavian political values

Front

Scandinavian Political values include democratic collective action to create minimal poverty and socioeconomic equality. There is a high level of employment among men and women. - Democratic collective action. - Minimal poverty. - Socioeconomic equality. - High level of employment among men & women. - Similar (middle class?) lifestyle.

Back

Women and Politics in France

Front

-high percentage of women in politics because of parity law -community>individual wants

Back

Dutch system of pillars -"Live Apart Together"

Front

-semi-autonomous communities w/ distinct identities and vertically integrated organizations example: Jewish Ghettos

Back

social justice

Front

Social Justice or a welfare state is a society that is protected where minimum standards of income, nutrition, health, housing, and education are assured to every citizen as a political right, not as charity.

Back

"Swedish model"

Front

The most important achievement of the Swedish model is the near elimination of poverty and the universal "middle class" lifestyle. Rich & prosperous; traditional regional leader; homogenous; from agrarian poverty to cutting-edge industrial/post-industrial society; the "Swedish model." - Parliamentary legislation + reformist social corporatism [+ neutrality] = "Swedish model."

Back

Elisabeth Guigou- Equality and Difference of Sexes

Front

-women in politics law -affirmative action based on a person's background Segoiene Royal -almost the first female president of France -civil partner to PS leader Francois Hollande -faced sexism when running for president

Back

Dutch tradition of tolerance

Front

-some things we don't tolerate that the Dutch allow -LGBT+, overall tolerant to everything

Back

"We should therefore claim, in the name of tolerance, the right not to tolerate the intolerant." (Karl Popper)

Front

This quote is from the near end of WW2 in reference to the rise of Nazi power and their intolerance. A group with intolerant ideals should not be supported or tolerated.

Back

Moses Mendelssohn

Front

-German Jewish philosopher, leading cultural figure -whose ideas influenced the Haskalah

Back

Legitimacy

Front

The popular acceptance of a government's or state's authority; the right to govern.

Back

Nation-State

Front

a state coinciding with a nation.

Back

Lebanese Confessional (Political) system

Front

-WWI and France, San Remo Conference where Lebanon is expanded, system is created -system of representation based on religious affiliation -national pact of 1943: settle questions about Lebanon's identity -provide formula for representation based on 6/5 christian to muslim representation on census -solution is president would be maronite christian and prime minister sunni muslim -divided power between religious communities, assured Christians they would not be absorbed into Syrian state -created a distinct lebanese identity, economic prosperity, economic reform

Back

Nation

Front

A social-psychological-cultural entity, a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and or history

Back

"The Emancipation of Man"

Front

Olaf Palme explores equality between men and women and the accomplished equality by trade union and political field.

Back

Beirut -"Party Capital of the World" (youtubes

Front

-not only home to numerous parties but also performances in historical places on Lebanese history -2 million tourists by end of 2009 -shaking its violent past in replace of a party scene "no longer combat zone" - "skybar" rooftop bar, among many

Back

Christine Lagarde

Front

-1st female chair of U.S. law -Thinks France thinks too much.. observe thinking leads to prevention of implementing reform

Back

British Nationalism "Rule Britannia" and "Jerusalem" (anthems)

Front

- "Rule Britannia" used to highlight British superiority over tyrants/glorify its greatness -British people could beat tyrants because they worked under Heaven's instruction -believed their conquest was rightful because they associated Heaven with "good" -line "never be slaves" because British owned the most land always - "Jerusalem" about building the New Jerusalem on England's land -England's unofficial national anthem -not talking about modern Jerusalem, but the "new" one that will come about when the world is made whole again

Back

Sectarianism

Front

-discrimination or hatred from attaching importance to perceived differences between subdivisions within a group. ex) different denominations of a religion, nationalism, class, regional or factions of a political movement. -Lebanese supports of this, reminded of differences whenever European powers intervene

Back

Pim Fortuyn and Theo Van Gogh

Front

Both assassinated due to their outspoken views on Islam in Holland. Pim Fortuyn was a politician who spoke on Islam's discrimination on women. Theo Van Gogh was a filmmaker who made a documentary on discrimination in Islam and wrote passages of the Quran on a naked woman's body.

Back

German Nationalism

Front

-strong identification of a group of people within a nation -Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Wagner, big contributors -shift from humanistic ideals -after the Napoleonic Wars took place in the early 1800's, Germany strived for a common defense - middle class and demands for rights/freedoms grew together -Prussian dominance, views turned to loyalty, perseverance and honesty, lead Germany in an authoritarianism state

Back

Authority

Front

is the right to control, command, and or determine

Back

Power

Front

The ability to influence the behavior of people with or without resistance; the ability to get people to do something they would otherwise not do.

Back

Section 2

(8 cards)

18th-19th century German-Jewish Relations (PDFs)

Front

Germany was one time welcoming of Jews to north central Europe with economic motivations for inclusion. This contrasts the treatment of Jews here and elsewhere throughout Europe. Emancipation of Jews by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1780) Better treatment of Jews in Habsburh lands (econ and legal rights) than in other German-speaking areas. Jews attend universities and enter professions. Jewish salons in Frankfurt and Berlin. Germanization of Jews (lang, culture, religious reformism)

Back

Nationalism against

Front

The idea that one's nation is better than others, for example, nationalism against the Jewish-poster says "The Jewish spirit undermines the healthy owes of the German national characteristics"

Back

Nationalism for

Front

Nationalism in support of the country, waving German flags, supporting the soccer team, rooting for the good in the country

Back

Jewish experience in the Netherlands

Front

The Netherlands have a long history of being tolerant, welcoming jews since the 1400s when they were thrown out of spain, allowed to flourish and publish texts

Back

Muslim Experience in the Netherlands

Front

The muslim population is concentrated in 4 large cities: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, Utrecht, problems of unemployment, crime, marginalization, tacit discrimination, and difference of integration

Back

Contemporary German approach to halting the Far Right

Front

Through education about the holocaust and memorials, there is a constant reminder that the far right committed a crime in the past. It is also a crime in Germany to state that the holocaust did not happen. Co-option and Confrontation = Marginalization (strategy of domestic parties, resp. of political elites, media, etc) ; success of strategy of Germany; from "Juden Raus to "Narji Raus" Work Done out of Respect- Berlin Holocaust Memorial

Back

oppressed majority

Front

film that shows men what it feels like to be a woman in society

Back

Eishyshok (pp-music montage)

Front

September 24, 1941- 3,446 Jews executed. SS troops invaded town, imprisoned, had them dig their own ditches and shot very close.

Back