Section 1

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denotation

Front

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Last updated

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Date created

Mar 1, 2020

Cards (108)

Section 1

(50 cards)

denotation

Front

The literal meaning of a word; its dictionary definition

Back

connotation

Front

That which is implied by a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning (see denotation)

Back

diction

Front

Word choice

Back

hortatory

Front

Urging, or strongly encouraging

Back

analogy

Front

An extended comparison between two seemingly dissimilar things

Back

deduction

Front

Reasoning from general to specific

Back

ancedote

Front

A short account of an interesting event

Back

context

Front

Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning

Back

coordination

Front

Grammatical equivalence between parts of a sentence, often through a coordinating conjunction such as and, or but

Back

elegiac

Front

Mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone

Back

ethos

Front

A Greek term referring to the character of a person on of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see logos and pathos)

Back

colloquial/ism

Front

An informal or conversational use of language

Back

assertion

Front

An emphatic statement; declaration. An assertion supported by evidence becomes argument

Back

bias

Front

Prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue

Back

assumption

Front

A belief or statement taken for granted without proof

Back

allusion

Front

An indirect reference, often to another text or a historic event

Back

common ground

Front

Shared beliefs, values, or positions

Back

close reading

Front

A careful reading that is attentive to organization, figurative language, sentence structure, vocabulary, and other literary and structural elements of a text

Back

dialectal journal

Front

A double-column journal in which one writes a quotation in one column and reflections on that quotation in the other column

Back

fragment

Front

A word, phrase, or clause that does not form a full sentence

Back

claim

Front

An assertion, usually supported by evidence

Back

declarative sentence

Front

A sentence that makes a statement

Back

antithesis

Front

Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas

Back

figurative language

Front

The use of tropes or figures of speech; going beyond literal meaning to achieve literary effect

Back

explication of text

Front

Explanation of a text's meaning through an analysis of all of its constituent parts, including the literary devices used; also called close reading

Back

antecedent

Front

The noun to which a later pronoun refers

Back

credible

Front

Worthy of belief; trustworthy

Back

argument

Front

A statement put forth and supported by evidence

Back

epigram

Front

A brief witty statement

Back

documentation

Front

Bibliographic information about the sources used in a piece of writing

Back

cumulative sentence

Front

An independent clause followed by subordinate clauses or phrases that supply additional detail

Back

counterargument

Front

A challenge to a position; an opposing argument

Back

aphorism

Front

A short, astute statement of a general truth

Back

hyperbole

Front

Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis

Back

anaphora

Front

The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses

Back

asyndeton

Front

Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses

Back

appositive

Front

A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun

Back

figure of speech

Front

An expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning

Back

audience

Front

One's listener or readership' those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed

Back

Aristotelian triangle

Front

A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience (see rhetorical triangle)

Back

alliteration

Front

The repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables

Back

complex sentence

Front

A sentence that includes one independent clause and at least one dependent clause

Back

facts

Front

Information that is true or demonstrable

Back

annotation

Front

Explanatory or critical notes added to the text

Back

attitude

Front

The speaker's position on a subject as revealed through his or her tone

Back

concession

Front

A reluctant acknowledgement or yielding

Back

archaic diction

Front

The use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language

Back

antimetabole

Front

The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast

Back

cite

Front

Identifying a part of a piece of writing as being derived from a source

Back

authority

Front

A reliable, respected source - someone with knowledge

Back

Section 2

(50 cards)

propaganda

Front

A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information

Back

irony

Front

A contradiction between what is said and what is meant; incongruity between action and result

Back

purpose

Front

One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing

Back

speaker

Front

A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing

Back

syntax

Front

Sentence structure

Back

induction

Front

Reasoning from specific to general

Back

pathos

Front

A Greek term that refers to suffering but has come to be associated with broader appeals to emotion; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see ethos and logos)

Back

metaphor

Front

A figure of speech or trope through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison

Back

parody

Front

A piece that imitates and exaggerates the prominent features of another; used for comic effect or ridcule

Back

imagery

Front

Vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing)

Back

parallelism

Front

The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns

Back

style

Front

The distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech

Back

scheme

Front

A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect

Back

premise; major, minor

Front

Two parts of a syllogism. The concluding sentence of a syllogism takes its predicate from the major premise and its subject from the minor premise Major premise: All mammals are warm-blooded Minor premise: All horses are mammals Conclusion: All horses are warm blooded (see syllogism)

Back

pronoun

Front

A word used to replace a noun or noun phrase

Back

simple sentence

Front

A statement containing a subject and predicate; an independent clause

Back

sentence variety

Front

Using a variety of sentence patterns to create a desired effect

Back

rhetoric

Front

The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of the "available means of persuasion"

Back

logos

Front

A Greek term that means "word"; an appeal to logic; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals (see ethos and pathos)

Back

pacing

Front

The relative speed or slowness with which a story is told or an idea is presented

Back

sentence patterns

Front

The arrangement of independent and dependent clauses into known sentence constructions -- such as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex

Back

subordination

Front

The dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence

Back

source

Front

A book, article, person, or other resource consulted for information

Back

subordinate clause

Front

Created by a subordinating conjunction, a clause that modifies an independent clause

Back

inversion

Front

A sentence in which the verb precedes the subject

Back

omniscient narrator

Front

An all-knowing, usually third-person narrator

Back

straw man

Front

A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position

Back

synthesize

Front

Combining or bringing together two or more elements to produce something more complex

Back

subject

Front

In rhetoric, the topic addressed in a piece of writing

Back

refute

Front

To discredit an argument, particularly a counterargument

Back

narration

Front

Retelling an event or series of events

Back

imperative sentences

Front

A sentence that requests or commands

Back

occasion

Front

An aspect of context; the cause or reason for writing

Back

polemic

Front

An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion

Back

syllogism

Front

A form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise (see premise; major, and minor)

Back

metonymy

Front

Use of an aspect of something to represent the whole

Back

periodic sentence

Front

A sentence that builds toward and ends with the main clause

Back

paradox

Front

A statement that seems contradictory but is actually true

Back

rhetorical triangle

Front

A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience (see Aristotelian triangle)

Back

juxtaposition

Front

Placement of two things side by side for emphasis

Back

personification

Front

Assigning lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects

Back

satire

Front

An ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it

Back

persona

Front

The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing

Back

rhetorical modes

Front

Patterns of organization developed to achieve a specific purpose; modes include but are not limited to narration, description, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, definition, exemplification, classification and division, process analysis, and argumentation

Back

polysyndeton

Front

The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions

Back

oxymoron

Front

A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms

Back

nominalization

Front

Turning a verb or adjective into a noun

Back

simile

Front

A figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to compare two things

Back

modifier

Front

A word, phrase, or clause that qualifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause

Back

rhetorical question

Front

A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer

Back

Section 3

(8 cards)

tone

Front

The speaker's attitude toward the subject or audience

Back

zeugma

Front

A construction in which one word (usually a verb) modifies or governs-- often in different, sometimes incongruent ways-- two or more words in a sentence

Back

thesis statement

Front

A statement of the central idea in a work, may be explicit or implicit

Back

voice

Front

In grammar, a term for the relationship between a verb and a noun (active or passive voice). In rhetoric, a distinctive quality in the style and tone of writing

Back

trope

Front

Artful diction; the use of language in a non-literal way also called a figure of speech

Back

thesis

Front

The central idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer

Back

topic sentence

Front

A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraphs's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis

Back

understatement

Front

Lack of emphasis in a statement or point; restraint in language often used for ironic effect

Back